douyuan4697
douyuan4697
2017-09-22 08:50

.htaccess重写规则将虚拟“.html”文件重写为带有get参数的页面,不起作用

已采纳

I've a php site that can load some content with a $_GET[''] parameter:

https://www.example.com --> https://www.example.com?item=0 in this case item=0 open the homepage with the first image popup opened.

What I want to do is to open https:// www.example.com?item=0 with a virtual ".html" file using .htaccess file.

The result should be like this: (one of items is called "freedom") calling https:// www.example.com/freedom.html should be the same to call https:// www.example.com?item=0, but without showing "?item=0. I want just to show https:// www.example.com/freedom.html in the address bar.

This is my .htaccess file:

<IfModule mod_expires.c>
# Activate mod_expires for this directory
ExpiresActive on

# locally cache common image types for 7 days
ExpiresByType image/jpg "access plus 7 days"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 7 days"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 7 days"
ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 7 days"

# cache CSS files for 24 hours
ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 7 days"

# chache JS files for 24 hours
ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 7 days"
</IfModule>

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
Options +FollowSymlinks
# enable the rewrite engine
RewriteEngine On
# Set your root directory
RewriteBase /

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f

RewriteRule ^freedom\.html$ /?item=0 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^meet-new-people\.html$ /?item=1 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^landscapes\.html$ /?item=2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^wildness\.html$ /?item=3 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^hiking\.html$ /?item=4 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^peaks\.html$ /?item=5 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^paths\.html$ /?item=6 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^getaway\.html$ /?item=7 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^experiment-with\.html$ /?item=8 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/freedom\.html$ /rullini/?item=0 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/misterioso-bianco\.html$ /rullini/?item=1 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/the-last-snow\.html$ /rullini/?item=2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/wildness\.html$ /rullini/?item=3 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/the-green-mountains\.html$ /rullini/?item=4 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/hiking\.html$ /rullini/?item=5 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^rullini/sea-of-clouds\.html$ /rullini/?item=6 [R=301,L]
</IfModule>

I generate this .htaccess file using a php task that read the Images names on database and add the related rule to the file.

P.S: The http to https:// www...... redirecting is made in PHP, not in htaccess. P.P.S: The website use a redirecting logic that sends the request to the mobile page or to the desktop page in base on the client type:

session_start();
$item = -1;
if(isset($_GET['item'])) {
    $item = $_GET['item'];
    if($item<0) $item=0;
}
$useragent=$_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
if(preg_match('/android|avantgo|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows (ce|phone)|xda|xiino/i',$useragent)||preg_match('/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|e\-|e\/|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(di|rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|xda(\-|2|g)|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i',substr($useragent,0,4)))
{
    if($item>=0) {
        header('Location: ../mobile.php?item=' . $item);
    } else {
        header('Location: ../mobile.php');
    }
} else {
    if($item>=0) {
        header('Location: ../desktop.php?item=' . $item);
    } else {
        header('Location: ../desktop.php');
    }
}

Many thanks for the help!

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1条回答

  • dongsimang4036 dongsimang4036 4年前

    Check if the leading ^ is really needed there, it tells that the rule should match the requested url from the very first character. Update: Leave out R=301 too since it means redirect instead of masking. Try this:

     (.*)/hiking\.html$ $1/?item=3 [L]
    
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