2012-08-12 20:34
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通过PHP exec()创建tgz文件

I'm trying to create a .tgz file through the PHP exec(); function in an AJAX web interface, however, my code isn't making any files, and it isn't writing out any errors.

This code works in shell:

tar cvfz destination/testfolder.tgz source/testfolder

I'm setting the destination/testfolder.tgz and the source/testfolder as variables in PHP since they change based on user input, so my code looks something like this:

$part = explode("/", $q);
$source = $q;
$dest = "destination/" .$part[1].".tgz";
exec("tar cvfz " . $dest . " " . $source);

I've echoed the "tar cvfz " . $dest . " " . $source and copy/pasted it into shell, which works, so I'm confused as to what I'm doing wrong.

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • douqudi5282
    douqudi5282 2012-08-12 20:42

    The problem is, for the same security issue @David mentioned, the PHP exec() function has very limited permissions - it can't even create files. Instead of chmodding the file to 777, which is very dangerous even temporarily, I suggest you create a temporary folder either in a sandbox or at any non-harmful location then ch own it to the user/group of the PHP interpreter's user/group with somewhat restrictive permissions (e. g. chmod 700 for the directory, 600 for the files inside).

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