2016-01-12 20:37

使用Capistrano 3将Symfony2部署到生产中


After getting my head around some local Symfony2 development I wanted to explore how to deploy to live environment and I decided to try Capistrano 3 and the Symfony plugin https://github.com/capistrano/symfony/.

I've followed a number of guides and read many SO questions/answers and I am able to get my files onto the live server.

I am using Dreamhost on a shared plan and have a web directory of home/myusername/mydomain/web. After the Capistrano deploy the directory at home/myusername/mydomain looks like this:






web/ <--this is not the Symfony web directory but default created by Dreamhost.

However when I visit the site none of my routes work I just get 404s. If i change the document root from /home/myusername/pickingorganic/web to to /home/myusername/pickingorganic/ then I can access my routes for example mydomain/current/web/login, but obviously I don’t want current/web to appear in the URL.

If I run

ls -la mydomain | grep "\->" 

on the server I can see that the Capistano symlink from current directory seems to be in place correctly

current -> /home/myusername/mydomain/releases/20160112132605

I assume that my errors are somewhere in the Symfony web/.htaccess file (which is unmodified) or in my Capistrano settings. I’ve put these below. Any advice on where I am going wrong greatly appreciated. Also if anyone has experience with the Capistrano Symphony plugin especially how to configure the settings shown here https://github.com/capistrano/symfony/#settings correctly that would be fantastic; I’ve searched for examples or tutorials but not really come across anything.


# config valid only for current version of Capistrano
lock '3.4.0'

#set :tmp_dir, "#{fetch(:home)}/tmp"
set :tmp_dir, "/home/myusername/mydomain/tmp"

set :application, 'storyproject'
set :repo_url, 'git@github.com:githubid/githubproject-project.git'

# Default branch is :master
# ask :branch, `git rev-parse --abbrev-ref HEAD`.chomp

# Default deploy_to directory is /var/www/my_app_name
set :deploy_to, '/home/myusername/mydomain'

# Default value for :scm is :git
set :scm, :git

# Default value for :format is :pretty
# set :format, :pretty

# Default value for :log_level is :debug
# set :log_level, :debug

# Default value for :pty is false
# set :pty, true

# Default value for :linked_files is []
set :linked_files, fetch(:linked_files,

# Default value for linked_dirs is []
set :linked_dirs, fetch(:linked_dirs, []).push('vendor/bundle')

# Default value for default_env is {}
# set :default_env, { path: "/opt/ruby/bin:$PATH" }

# Default value for keep_releases is 5
# set :keep_releases, 5

#namespace :deploy do

# after :restart, :clear_cache do
#  on roles(:web), in: :groups, limit: 3, wait: 10 do
  # Here we can do anything such as:
  # within release_path do
  #   execute :rake, 'cache:clear'
  # end
# end


namespace :deploy do

desc 'composer install'
task :composer_install do
    on roles(:web) do
        within release_path do
            execute 'composer', 'install', '--no-dev', '--optimize-   autoloader'

after :updated, 'deploy:composer_install'

desc 'Restart application - does nothing, see comments below'
task :restart do
    on roles(:app), in: :sequence, wait: 5 do
        # This is present b/c 'cap production deploy' is blowing up w/o it.
        # Not sure what's up with that, the Google hasn't helped, and I'm tired
        # of screwing with it.  It stays in for now.



set :stage, :production

role :web, %w{sshuser@mydomain}
role :app, %w{sshuser@mydomain}

set :ssh_options, {
forward_agent: true

# Symfony environment
set :symfony_env,  "prod"

# Symfony application path
set :app_path,              "app"

# Symfony web path
set :web_path,              "web"

# Symfony log path
set :log_path,              fetch(:app_path) + "/logs"

# Symfony cache path
set :cache_path,            fetch(:app_path) + "/cache"

# Symfony config file path
set :app_config_path,       fetch(:app_path) + "/config"

# Controllers to clear
set :controllers_to_clear, ["app_*.php"]

# Files that need to remain the same between deploys
#set :linked_files,          []

# Dirs that need to remain the same between deploys (shared dirs)
set :linked_dirs,           [fetch(:log_path), fetch(:web_path) +     "/uploads"]

# Dirs that need to be writable by the HTTP Server (i.e. cache, log dirs)
set :file_permissions_paths,         [fetch(:log_path), fetch(:cache_path)]

# Name used by the Web Server (i.e. www-data for Apache)
set :file_permissions_users, ['www-data']

# Name used by the Web Server (i.e. www-data for Apache)
set :webserver_user,        "www-data"

# Method used to set permissions (:chmod, :acl, or :chgrp)
set :permission_method,     false

# Execute set permissions
set :use_set_permissions,   false

# Symfony console path
set :symfony_console_path, fetch(:app_path) + "/console"

# Symfony console flags
set :symfony_console_flags, "--no-debug"

# Assets install path
set :assets_install_path,   fetch(:web_path)

# Assets install flags
set :assets_install_flags,  '--symlink'

# Assetic dump flags
set :assetic_dump_flags,  ''

fetch(:default_env).merge!(symfony_env: fetch(:symfony_env))

# server-based syntax
# ======================
# Defines a single server with a list of roles and multiple properties.
# You can define all roles on a single server, or split them:

# server 'example.com', user: 'deploy', roles: %w{app db web}, my_property: :my_value
# server 'example.com', user: 'deploy', roles: %w{app web}, other_property: :other_value
# server 'db.example.com', user: 'deploy', roles: %w{db}

# role-based syntax
# ==================

# Defines a role with one or multiple servers. The primary server in each
# group is considered to be the first unless any  hosts have the primary
# property set. Specify the username and a domain or IP for the server.
# Don't use `:all`, it's a meta role.

# role :app, %w{deploy@example.com}, my_property: :my_value
# role :web, %w{user1@primary.com user2@additional.com}, other_property: :other_value
# role :db,  %w{deploy@example.com}

# Configuration
# =============
# You can set any configuration variable like in config/deploy.rb
# These variables are then only loaded and set in this stage.
# For available Capistrano configuration variables see the documentation page.
# http://capistranorb.com/documentation/getting-started/configuration/
# Feel free to add new variables to customise your setup.

# Custom SSH Options
# ==================
# You may pass any option but keep in mind that net/ssh understands a
# limited set of options, consult the Net::SSH documentation.
# http://net-ssh.github.io/net-ssh/classes/Net/SSH.html#method-c-start
# Global options
# --------------
#  set :ssh_options, {
#    keys: %w(/home/rlisowski/.ssh/id_rsa),
#    forward_agent: false,
#    auth_methods: %w(password)
#  }
# The server-based syntax can be used to override options:
# ------------------------------------
# server 'example.com',
#   user: 'user_name',
#   roles: %w{web app},
#   ssh_options: {
#     user: 'user_name', # overrides user setting above
#     keys: %w(/home/user_name/.ssh/id_rsa),
#     forward_agent: false,
#     auth_methods: %w(publickey password)
#     # password: 'please use keys'
#   }

Symfony web/.htaccess

# Use the front controller as index file. It serves as a fallback solution when
# every other rewrite/redirect fails (e.g. in an aliased environment without
# mod_rewrite). Additionally, this reduces the matching process for the
# start page (path "/") because otherwise Apache will apply the rewriting rules
# to each configured DirectoryIndex file (e.g. index.php, index.html, index.pl).
DirectoryIndex app.php

# By default, Apache does not evaluate symbolic links if you did not enable this
# feature in your server configuration. Uncomment the following line if you
# install assets as symlinks or if you experience problems related to symlinks
# when compiling LESS/Sass/CoffeScript assets.
# Options FollowSymlinks

# Disabling MultiViews prevents unwanted negotiation, e.g. "/app" should not resolve
# to the front controller "/app.php" but be rewritten to "/app.php/app".
<IfModule mod_negotiation.c>
    Options -MultiViews

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine On

# Determine the RewriteBase automatically and set it as environment variable.
# If you are using Apache aliases to do mass virtual hosting or installed the
# project in a subdirectory, the base path will be prepended to allow proper
# resolution of the app.php file and to redirect to the correct URI. It will
# work in environments without path prefix as well, providing a safe, one-size
# fits all solution. But as you do not need it in this case, you can comment
# the following 2 lines to eliminate the overhead.
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI}::$1 ^(/.+)/(.*)::\2$
RewriteRule ^(.*) - [E=BASE:%1]

# Sets the HTTP_AUTHORIZATION header removed by apache
RewriteCond %{HTTP:Authorization} .
RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]

# Redirect to URI without front controller to prevent duplicate content
# (with and without `/app.php`). Only do this redirect on the initial
# rewrite by Apache and not on subsequent cycles. Otherwise we would get an
# endless redirect loop (request -> rewrite to front controller ->
# redirect -> request -> ...).
# So in case you get a "too many redirects" error or you always get redirected
# to the start page because your Apache does not expose the REDIRECT_STATUS
# environment variable, you have 2 choices:
# - disable this feature by commenting the following 2 lines or
# - use Apache >= 2.3.9 and replace all L flags by END flags and remove the
#   following RewriteCond (best solution)
RewriteRule ^app\.php(/(.*)|$) %{ENV:BASE}/$2 [R=301,L]

# If the requested filename exists, simply serve it.
# We only want to let Apache serve files and not directories.
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f
RewriteRule .? - [L]

# Rewrite all other queries to the front controller.
RewriteRule .? %{ENV:BASE}/app.php [L]

<IfModule !mod_rewrite.c>
    <IfModule mod_alias.c>
    # When mod_rewrite is not available, we instruct a temporary redirect of
    # the start page to the front controller explicitly so that the website
    # and the generated links can still be used.
    RedirectMatch 302 ^/$ /app.php/
    # RedirectTemp cannot be used instead
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  • duan6161 duan6161 5年前

    The folders structure looks like this:

    ├── current -> /home/myusername/mydomain/releases/20150120114500/
    ├── releases
    │   ├── 20150080072500
    │   ├── 20150090083000
    │   ├── 20150100093500
    │   ├── 20150110104000
    │   └── 20150120114500
    ├── repo
    │   └── <VCS related data>
    ├── revisions.log
    └── shared
        └── <linked_files and linked_dirs>

    From documentation:

    current is a symlink pointing to the latest release. This symlink is updated at the end of a successful deployment. If the deployment fails in any step the current symlink still points to the old release.

    Your main app.php file is located in /home/myusername/mydomain/current/web/app.php and you should point your domain exactly to that directory, otherwise you must add directories in path to access that file (eg. mydomain.com/myusername/mydomain/current/web).

    Just point your domain to /home/myusername/mydomain/current/web/.

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  • doucha5080 doucha5080 5年前

    With Apache you have to make sure you have symlinks following enabled.

    <Directory /home/myusername/mydomain>
        Options FollowSymLinks
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