duanjiwei1283
2017-08-02 03:22
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PHP:在SQL中插入时将每个数据放入单引号('')

I have a code that allows me to import a data from csv files to my database. However, there's a problem inserting the data since the values that i am going to insert has no single quote (''). I tried to echo out the sql query and i got this:

INSERT INTO bill_of_materials(allotment_code, category_name) VALUES(Site Electrical,Aldea Electrical Work ),(CM-S24,Assembly ),(CM-S4,Assembly ),(CM-S4,Assembly ),(CM-S8,Assembly ),(CM-S3,Assembly ),(CM-S3,Assembly ),(CM-S3,Assembly ),(CM-S8,Assembly ),(CM-S4,Assembly ),(CM-S24,Assembly ),(CM-S8,Assembly ),(CM-S23,Assembly ),(CM-S23,Assembly ),(CM-S23,Assembly ),(CM-S22,Assembly ),(CM-S22,Assembly ),(CM-S22,Assembly ),(CM-S24,Assembly ),(CM-D2,Assembly ),(CM-D18,Assembly ),(CM-D18,Assembly ),(CM-D14,Assembly ),(CM-D14,Assembly ),(CM-D14,Assembly ),(CM-D20,Assembly ),(CM-D20,Assembly ),(CM-D20,Assembly ),(CM-D13,Assembly ),(CM-D13,Assembly ),(CM-D10,Assembly ),(CM-D18,Assembly ),(CM-D10,Assembly ),(CM-D13,Assembly ),(CM-D2,Assembly ),(CM-D2,Assembly ),(CM-D21,Assembly ),(CM-D21,Assembly ),(CM-D21,Assembly ),(CM-D11,Assembly ),(CM-D11,Assembly ),(CM-D11,Assembly ),(CM-D12,Assembly ),(CM-D12,Assembly ),(CM-D12,Assembly ),(CM-D10,Assembly ),(CM-D19,Assembly ),(CM-D17,Assembly ),(CM-D17,Assembly ),(CM-D19,Assembly ),(CM-D16,Assembly ),(CM-D15,Assembly ),(CM-D15,Assembly ),(CM-D15,Assembly ),(CM-D17,Assembly ),(CM-D19,Assembly ),(CM-D1,Assembly ),(CM-D1,Assembly ),(CM-D16,Assembly ),(CM-D16,Assembly ),(CM-D1,Assembly ),(CM-S17,Assembly ),(CM-S18,Assembly ),(CM-S18,Assembly ),(CM-D26,Assembly ),(CM-D26,Assembly ),(CM-D26,Assembly ),(CM-S16,Assembly ),(CM-S16,Assembly ),(CM-D4,Assembly ),(CM-D4,Assembly ),(CM-D3,Assembly ),(CM-D3,Assembly ),(CM-D25,Assembly ),(CM-S17,Assembly ),(CM-S21,Assembly ),(CM-D9,Assembly ),(CM-D9,Assembly ),(CM-D9,Assembly ),(CM-S17,Assembly ),(CM-D8,Assembly ),(CM-D8,Assembly ),(CM-D8,Assembly ),(CM-S12,Assembly ),(CM-S12,Assembly ),(CM-S12,Assembly ),(CM-D25,Assembly ),(CM-D25,Assembly ),(CM-D3,Assembly ),(CM-D5,Assembly ),(CM-S13,Assembly ),(CM-S13,Assembly ),(CM-S13,Assembly ),(CM-S19,Assembly ),(CM-S19,Assembly ),(CM-S19,Assembly ),(CM-S20,Assembly ),(CM-S20,Assembly ),(CM-S20,Assembly ),(CM-D7,Assembly ),(CM-D7,Assembly ),(CM-D7,Assembly ),(CM-S18,Assembly ),(CM-D5,Assembly ),(CM-S21,Assembly ),(CM-D22,Assembly ),(CM-D22,Assembly ),(CM-D22,Assembly ),(CM-S15,Assembly ),(CM-S15,Assembly ),(CM-S15,Assembly ),(CM-S11,Assembly ),(CM-S11,Assembly ),(CM-S11,Assembly ),(CM-D23,Assembly ),(CM-S21,Assembly ),(CM-D4,Assembly ),(CM-D5,Assembly ),(CM-D24,Assembly ),(CM-D24,Assembly ),(CM-D23,Assembly ),(CM-D23,Assembly ),(CM-D6,Assembly ),(CM-S14,Assembly )

i have my PHP codes below:

<form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
<input type="file" name="csv" value="" />
<input type="submit" name="submit" value="Save" /></form>

<?php

$new_conn = mysqli_connect('localhost', 'root', '153624123', 'db_lazvasmunhomesinc');

if(isset($_FILES['csv']['tmp_name'])) {
    $data = $_FILES['csv']['tmp_name'];
    $handle = fopen($data, "r");
    $test = file_get_contents($data);

    if(!empty($data)) {

        if ($handle) {
            $counter = 0;
            //instead of executing query one by one,
            //let us prepare 1 SQL query that will insert all values from the batch
            $sql ="INSERT INTO bill_of_materials(allotment_code, category_name) VALUES";
            while (($line = fgets($handle)) !== false) {
              $sql .="($line),";
              $counter++;
            }
            $sql = substr($sql, 0, strlen($sql) - 1);
             if (mysqli_query($new_conn, $sql) === TRUE) {
                echo 'success';
            } else {
                echo $sql;
             }
            fclose($handle);
        } else {  
        } 
        //unlink CSV file once already imported to DB to clear directory
        unlink($data);
    } else
        echo '<script>alert("EMPTY!");</script>';
}
?>

I tried to use another code which is:

if(!empty($data)) {

if ($handle) {
    $counter = 0;
    //instead of executing query one by one,
    //let us prepare 1 SQL query that will insert all values from the batch
    $sql ="INSERT INTO bill_of_materials(allotment_code, category_name) VALUES";
    while (($line = fgets($handle)) !== false) {
      $sql .= "('".implode("', '", explode(",", $line))."'),";
      $counter++;
    }
    $sql = substr($sql, 0, strlen($sql) - 1);
     if (mysqli_query($new_conn, $sql) === TRUE) {
        echo 'success';
    } else {
        echo $sql;
     }
    fclose($handle);
}

it works but with a little problem. since it will split the data after comma, some of the data from CSV FILE has a comma which will result to this:

INSERT INTO bill_of_materials(allotment_code, category_name) VALUES('"OH:Fuel', ' Oil and Accessories"', 'Avanza Gray-OBNO-1782 ')

The data from the csv file is: oh: Fuel, Oil and Accessories and Avanza Gray-OBNO-1782

the expected output should be:

INSERT INTO bill_of_materials(allotment_code, category_name) VALUES('"OH:Fuel Oil and Accessories"', 'Avanza Gray-OBNO-1782')

Another code that i tried is this:

    $sql ="INSERT INTO bill_of_materials(allotment_code, category_name) VALUES";
    while (($line = fgets($handle)) !== false) {
      $sql .= "('{$line[0]}', '{$data[1]}'),";
      $counter++;
    }

but the inserted data is incorrect and it results to this: information

my csv file looks like this: csv file

some of the data from my csv has a comma.

the data is not inside the single quote. I hope you can help me. thanks in advance.

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • dongyong2063 2017-08-02 03:29
    已采纳

    Since you're using CSV files you can parse every line in your while loop with str_getcsv():

    $values = str_getcsv('"OH:Fuel, Oil and Accessoires",Avanza Gray-OBNO-1779');
    

    ... and insert the values back into the sql statement:

    $sql .= "('" . array_shift($values) . "', '" . (isset($values) ? implode(",", $values) : "") . "'),";
    

    And dont forget to apply rtrim() to the sql statement, so the last comma gets removed:

    $sql = rtrim($sql, ",");
    

    You can also use fgetcsv() to read and parse the CSV file line by line as an array:

    Example:

    $file = __DIR__ . "/data.csv";
    $sql = "INSERT INTO `bill_of_materials` (`allotment_code`, `category_name`) VALUES ";
    
    $handle = fopen($file, "r");
    
    while ($data = fgetcsv($handle)) {
        $sql .= "('" . array_shift($data) . "', '" . (isset($data) ? implode(",", $data) : "") . "'),";
    }
    
    fclose($handle);
    
    $sql = rtrim($sql, ",");
    
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  • douqiao3453 2017-08-02 03:30

    Add the single quotes:

    $sql .="('$line'),";
    
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