drh96824
2016-10-19 19:13
浏览 32

使用curl_setopt无法获取子项的xml子项

Say I have a xml file like the one below:

<objectlist>
    <objectcode>OP#0003</objectcode>
    <objectid>0001</objectid>
    <objecttype>Test object</objecttype>
    <object>
        <info>
            <id>001</id>
            <name>Some name</name>
            <value>5</value>
        </info>
        <properties>
            <shopdetails>
                <desciption>
                    <header>Test</header>
                    <text>This is some text about the object</text>
                </desciption>
                <price>4</price>
                <currency>Dollar</currency>
                <weight>500</weight>
                <gramSymbol>mg</gramSymbol>
            </shopdetails>
        </properties>
    </object>
</objectlist>

How do I get all the information out of this XML file using curl_setopt()? I tried it with a foreach loop, but it failed. It only gets the information from: objectcode, object id and objecttype. My script is only able to get information from childnodes of the root but not children of child nodes. I used this script for my project:

    <?php
Class xmlObject{    
    public function xml_From_URL() {
        require_once 'dbconnect.php'; 
        $config[CURLOPT_URL] = "http://localhost/example.xml";
        $config[CURLOPT_VERBOSE] = 0;
        $config[CURLOPT_SSLVERSION] = 3;
        $config[CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER] = FALSE;
        $config[CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST] = 2;
        $config[CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION] = 0;
        $config[CURLOPT_HEADER] = 0;
        $config[CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER] = 1;
            //-- config section --//
        $tuCurl = curl_init();
        curl_setopt_array($tuCurl, $config);
        $data = curl_exec($tuCurl);
        $xml = simplexml_load_string($data);
            //-- Loops --//
                //-- 1 --//
        foreach($xml -> object as $row){
            $id = $row -> id;
            $name = $row -> name;
            $value = $row -> value;   
            echo("<b>Objects</b></br>");
            echo($id."<br>");
            echo($name."<br>");
            echo($value."<br>");
        }
                //-- 2 --//
        foreach ($xml -> description as $row) {
            $header = $row -> header;
            $text = $row -> text;
            echo("<b>description</b><br>");
            echo($header);
            echo($text);
        }
                //-- 3 --//
        foreach ($xml -> shopdetails as $row) {
            $header = $row -> price;
            $text = $row -> currency;
            $weight = $row -> weight;
            $gramsymbol = $row -> gramsymbol;    
            echo("<b>description</b><br>");
            echo($header);
            echo($text);
        }
        curl_close($tuCurl);
    }
}
?>
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1条回答 默认 最新

  • duandan9680 2016-10-19 19:40
    最佳回答

    You just need to update your PHP code that parses the XML data - cURL only provides the XML data, doesn't parse it. You are using simplexml_load_string() to create a SimpleXMLElement. You just need to access properties a little differently.

    Instead of accessing id from $row like this:

    $id = $row->id;
    

    we need to access the node between <object> and <id> - i.e. <info>

    $id = $row->info->id;
    

    And similarly for the other properties. Also, you can move the curl_close($tuCurl); up right after the call to curl_exec since cURL isn't parsing the XML data - simplexml is. You can see this in action (without the data fetching with cURL) in this phpFiddle example. For more information, refer to the PHP documentation for SimpleXML elements on PHP.net

    <?php
    Class xmlObject{    
        public function xml_From_URL() {
            require_once 'dbconnect.php'; 
            $config[CURLOPT_URL] = "http://localhost/example.xml";
            $config[CURLOPT_VERBOSE] = 0;
            $config[CURLOPT_SSLVERSION] = 3;
            $config[CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER] = FALSE;
            $config[CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST] = 2;
            $config[CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION] = 0;
            $config[CURLOPT_HEADER] = 0;
            $config[CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER] = 1;
            //-- config section --//
            $tuCurl = curl_init();
            curl_setopt_array($tuCurl, $config);
            $data = curl_exec($tuCurl);
    
            //now that we have set $data, we can close the cURL request
            curl_close($tuCurl);
    
            $xml = simplexml_load_string($data);
    
            foreach($xml -> object as $row){ 
                //access these properties from the info childnode  
                $id = $row->info->id;
                $name = $row->info->name;
                $value = $row->info->value;   
                echo("<b>Objects</b></br>");
                echo($id."<br>");
                echo($name."<br>");
                echo($value."<br>");
                //access these properties using the properties childnode
                $header = $row->properties->shopdetails->desciption->header;
                $text = $row->properties->shopdetails->desciption->text;
                echo("<b>description</b><br>");
                echo($header."<br>");
                echo($text."<br>");
            }
        }
    }
    ?>
    
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