duanliao6077
2017-11-05 09:18
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MySQL:使用查询中的特殊正则表达式规则修复时间格式

I have one wierd issue regarding time field inside MySQL.

In database we have 2 fields: date and time. Data looks like this:

+-----------------------+
|   date   |    time    |
+-----------------------+
|27/04/2017|    11:30   |
+-----------------------+
|01/05/2017|    20u     |
+-----------------------+
|02/05/2017|    20u30   |
+-----------------------+
|03/05/2017|    21h     |
+-----------------------+

What this data mean? Well:

  • 20u is 20:00
  • 20u30 is 20:30
  • 21h is 21:00

Main problem is that I MUST keep all this data untouched for some reasons and must find solution to display data properly and from this grab unix timestamp or proper date or match proper dates.

For you to understand what I need, some old part of Query what is used look like this:

UNIX_TIMESTAMP(CONCAT(DATE_FORMAT(STR_TO_DATE(`date`,'%d/%m/%Y'),'%Y-%m-%d'),' ',`time`))

But that fail inside matching what is normal.

I wrote one PHP function for displaying proper time on some parts of code and looks like this:

function bo_time($string)
{   
    if(preg_match("/(\d{1,2})(u|h)/Ui",$string, $match))
    {
        $string = sprintf("%s:%s", sprintf('%02d', $match[1]), '00' );
    }
    else if(preg_match("/(\d{1,2})(u|h|\:)(\d{2})/Ui",$string, $match))
    {
        $string = sprintf("%s:%s", sprintf('%02d', $match[1]), ( isset($match[3]) ? sprintf('%02d', $match[3]) : '00' ));
    }

    return $string;
}

With that PHP function some parts of system works fine but in some parts of system I have matching between tables by date/time and everything fail and break apart.

My main question is:

Is there a way to wrote some regex for converting time inside MySQL query like I do inside PHP?

Thanks!

图片转代码服务由CSDN问答提供 功能建议

我对MySQL内部的时间字段有一个奇怪的问题。

在数据库中 我们有2个字段: date time 。 数据如下所示:

  + ----------------------- + 
 | 日期| 时间| 
 + ----------------------- + 
 | 27/04/2017 |  11:30 | 
 + ----------------------- + 
 | 01/05/2017 |  20u | 
 + ----------------------- + 
 | 02/05/2017 |  20u30 | 
 + ----------------------- + 
 | 03/05/2017 |  21h | 
 + ----------------------- + 
   
 
 

这些数据是什么意思? 好吧:

  • 20u是20:00
  • 20u30是20:30
  • 21h是21: 00

    主要问题是我必须保持所有这些数据不受影响,并且必须找到正确显示数据的解决方案,并从此抓取时间戳或正确日期或 匹配正确的日期。

    为了了解我的需要,Query的一些旧部分使用的内容如下所示:

      UNIX_TIMESTAMP  (CONCAT(DATE_FORMAT(STR_TO_DATE('date`,'%d /%m /%Y'),'%Y-%m-%d'),'',`time`))
      <  / pre> 
     
     

    但是在匹配正常情况时失败了。

    我编写了一个PHP函数,用于在代码的某些部分显示正确的时间,如下所示: / p>

      function bo_time($ string)
     {
     if(preg_match(“/(\ d {1,2})(u | h)/ Ui”,$ string  ,$ match))
     {
     $ string = sprintf(“%s:%s”,sprintf('%02d',$ match [1]),'00'); 
    } 
    否则if(  preg_match(“/(\ d {1,2})(u | h | \:)(\ d {2})/ Ui”,$ string,$ match))
     {
     $ string = sprintf(“  %s:%s“,sprintf('%02d',$ 匹配[1]),(isset($ match [3])?  sprintf('%02d',$ match [3]):'00')); 
    } 
     
    返回$ string; 
    } 
       
     
     

    使用PHP函数系统的某些部分工作正常但在系统的某些部分我按日期/时间在表之间进行匹配,一切都失败并分解。

    我的主要问题是:< / p>

    有没有办法编写一些正则表达式来转换MySQL查询中的时间,就像我在PHP中一样?

    谢谢! < / DIV>

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3条回答 默认 最新

  • duannan4486 2017-11-05 14:46
    已采纳

    I have created a query which seems to work, at least for the data you provided us. It only required some logic to handle the various edge cases with your data. I transform your time data into actual timestamp time strings, then concatenate with the date, also converted into an ISO format. With a proper date and time in hand, we can then call UNIX_TIMESTAMP on this timestamp string to get the data you want.

    SELECT
        date, time, UNIX_TIMESTAMP(CONCAT(date, ' ', time)) AS ts
    FROM
    (
        SELECT
            CONCAT(RIGHT(date, 4), '-', SUBSTRING(date, 4, 2), '-',
                   LEFT(date, 2)) AS date,
            CASE WHEN time REGEXP '.*[uh]$'
                 THEN CONCAT(LEFT(time, CHAR_LENGTH(time) - 1), ':00:00')
                 ELSE CONCAT(REPLACE(REPLACE(time, 'h', ':'),
                             'u', ':'), ':00') END AS time
        FROM yourTable
    ) t;
    

    Output:

    enter image description here

    Demo here:

    Rextester

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  • down_load1117 2017-11-05 10:10

    There is no regex function out of the box for MySQL.

    If you must leave all existing data untouched, can you create a new field with a proper datetime format and start using that instead?

    You can continue to use your PHP function to transform the data and seeing as it fails in some cases you may want to fix those issues first.

    I was able to do what your PHP function does in less lines with:

    // $time = 20u30
    preg_replace(['/[uh]/i','/:(?![0-9]+)/'], [':',':00'], $time);
    
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  • doujiu7680 2017-11-05 10:13

    Firstly, it seems completely unreasonable to leave this representation in the DB. It seems that there is a canonical representation for the time column (e.g. 20:11) and that you could adjust each field to only have that representation. If you did that, you wouldn't have to create hacks to work around this representation nonsense.

    Now, concerning the steps for a workaround that you asked for:

    • Firstly, it seems that if you leave off the minutes, they are implicitly "00", so "20u" is "20u00". Now, if you just add two zeroes and then truncate after the fifth character, you will end up with a normalized tuple. E.g. "20u" -> "20u00" -> "20u00" or "20:00" -> "20:0000" -> "20:00".
    • Secondly, it seems that the separator between the hours and minutes is either a colon or the Latin small letter u, so "20:15" is "20u15". That means that if you just erase this letter (concat the first, second, fourth and fifth letter), you would get a canonical representation. E.g. "20:30" -> "2030" or "20u30" -> "2030".

    As additional advantage, this doesn't even try to use regular expressions, which are expensive and error-prone. However, it relies on the column content being exactly what you wrote without exceptions.

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