dqcqcqwq38860
dqcqcqwq38860
2016-04-04 11:33
浏览 51
已采纳

使用官方文档中的PHP代码进行HTTP身份验证无法正常工作

I need a authentification method for my website, i found this article on the official manual and tried it.

<?php
$realm = 'Restricted area';

//user => password
$users = array('admin' => 'mypass', 'guest' => 'guest');


if (empty($_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_DIGEST'])) {
    header('HTTP/1.1 401 Unauthorized');
    header('WWW-Authenticate: Digest realm="'.$realm.
           '",qop="auth",nonce="'.uniqid().'",opaque="'.md5($realm).'"');

    die('Text to send if user hits Cancel button');
}

if  // analyze the PHP_AUTH_DIGEST variable
(
    !($data = http_digest_parse($_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_DIGEST']))   ||
    !isset($users[$data['username']])
)
{
    die('Wrong Credentials!');
}    

// generate the valid response
$A1 = md5($data['username'] . ':' . $realm . ':' . $users[$data['username']]);
$A2 = md5($_SERVER['REQUEST_METHOD'].':'.$data['uri']);
$valid_response = md5($A1.':'.$data['nonce'].':'.$data['nc'].':'.$data['cnonce'].':'.$data['qop'].':'.$A2);

if ($data['response'] != $valid_response)
    die('Wrong Credentials!');

// ok, valid username & password
echo 'You are logged in as: ' . $data['username'];


// function to parse the http auth header
function http_digest_parse($txt)
{
    // protect against missing data
    $needed_parts = array('nonce'=>1, 'nc'=>1, 'cnonce'=>1, 'qop'=>1, 'username'=>1, 'uri'=>1, 'response'=>1);
    $data = array();
    $keys = implode('|', array_keys($needed_parts));

    preg_match_all('@(' . $keys . ')=(?:([\'"])([^\2]+?)\2|([^\s,]+))@', $txt, $matches, PREG_SET_ORDER);

    foreach ($matches as $m) {
        $data[$m[1]] = $m[3] ? $m[3] : $m[4];
        unset($needed_parts[$m[1]]);
    }

    return $needed_parts ? false : $data;
}
?>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
</head>
<body>
    <p>Test</p> 
</body>
</html>

But if i fail to enter the correct credentials, then i get Wrong Credentials! all the time even after reload and no login prompt is appearing anymore. What is the cause for this and how can i solve it?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dongxiane0395
    dongxiane0395 2016-04-04 12:31
    已采纳

    Browsers send credentials given before again on a new request. To ask the browsers for new credentials you need to resend an WWW-Authenticate header. Here before the die().

    Like this :

    if  // analyze the PHP_AUTH_DIGEST variable (
        !($data = http_digest_parse($_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_DIGEST']))   ||
        !isset($users[$data['username']]) ) {
        header('WWW-Authenticate: Digest realm="'.$realm.
               '",qop="auth",nonce="'.uniqid().'",opaque="'.md5($realm).'"');
            die('Wrong Credentials!');
    }
    

    and

    if ($data['response'] != $valid_response) {
        header('WWW-Authenticate: Digest realm="'.$realm.
                   '",qop="auth",nonce="'.uniqid().'",opaque="'.md5($realm).'"');
        die('Wrong Credentials!');
    }
    
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