drlnsli18864734
drlnsli18864734
2009-11-13 04:07

使用PHP生成时区下拉列表

已采纳

Most sites need some way to show the dates on the site in the users preferred timezone. Below are two lists that I found and then one method using the built in PHP DateTime class in PHP 5.

I need help knowing which of these would be the best to attempt to use when trying to get the UTC offset from the user on register.

One:

<option value="-12">[UTC - 12] Baker Island Time</option>
<option value="-11">[UTC - 11] Niue Time, Samoa Standard Time</option>
<option value="-10">[UTC - 10] Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time, Cook Island Time</option>
<option value="-9.5">[UTC - 9:30] Marquesas Islands Time</option>
<option value="-9">[UTC - 9] Alaska Standard Time, Gambier Island Time</option>
<option value="-8">[UTC - 8] Pacific Standard Time</option>
<option value="-7">[UTC - 7] Mountain Standard Time</option>
<option value="-6">[UTC - 6] Central Standard Time</option>
<option value="-5">[UTC - 5] Eastern Standard Time</option>
<option value="-4.5">[UTC - 4:30] Venezuelan Standard Time</option>
<option value="-4">[UTC - 4] Atlantic Standard Time</option>
<option value="-3.5">[UTC - 3:30] Newfoundland Standard Time</option>
<option value="-3">[UTC - 3] Amazon Standard Time, Central Greenland Time</option>
<option value="-2">[UTC - 2] Fernando de Noronha Time, South Georgia &amp; the South Sandwich Islands Time</option>
<option value="-1">[UTC - 1] Azores Standard Time, Cape Verde Time, Eastern Greenland Time</option>
<option value="0" selected="selected">[UTC] Western European Time, Greenwich Mean Time</option>
<option value="1">[UTC + 1] Central European Time, West African Time</option>
<option value="2">[UTC + 2] Eastern European Time, Central African Time</option>
<option value="3">[UTC + 3] Moscow Standard Time, Eastern African Time</option>
<option value="3.5">[UTC + 3:30] Iran Standard Time</option>
<option value="4">[UTC + 4] Gulf Standard Time, Samara Standard Time</option>
<option value="4.5">[UTC + 4:30] Afghanistan Time</option>
<option value="5">[UTC + 5] Pakistan Standard Time, Yekaterinburg Standard Time</option>
<option value="5.5">[UTC + 5:30] Indian Standard Time, Sri Lanka Time</option>
<option value="5.75">[UTC + 5:45] Nepal Time</option>
<option value="6">[UTC + 6] Bangladesh Time, Bhutan Time, Novosibirsk Standard Time</option>
<option value="6.5">[UTC + 6:30] Cocos Islands Time, Myanmar Time</option>
<option value="7">[UTC + 7] Indochina Time, Krasnoyarsk Standard Time</option>
<option value="8">[UTC + 8] Chinese Standard Time, Australian Western Standard Time, Irkutsk Standard Time</option>
<option value="8.75">[UTC + 8:45] Southeastern Western Australia Standard Time</option>
<option value="9">[UTC + 9] Japan Standard Time, Korea Standard Time, Chita Standard Time</option>
<option value="9.5">[UTC + 9:30] Australian Central Standard Time</option>
<option value="10">[UTC + 10] Australian Eastern Standard Time, Vladivostok Standard Time</option>
<option value="10.5">[UTC + 10:30] Lord Howe Standard Time</option>
<option value="11">[UTC + 11] Solomon Island Time, Magadan Standard Time</option>
<option value="11.5">[UTC + 11:30] Norfolk Island Time</option>
<option value="12">[UTC + 12] New Zealand Time, Fiji Time, Kamchatka Standard Time</option>
<option value="12.75">[UTC + 12:45] Chatham Islands Time</option>
<option value="13">[UTC + 13] Tonga Time, Phoenix Islands Time</option>
<option value="14">[UTC + 14] Line Island Time</option>

Or using PHP friendly values:

<option value="Pacific/Midway">(GMT-11:00) Midway Island, Samoa</option>
<option value="America/Adak">(GMT-10:00) Hawaii-Aleutian</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT+10">(GMT-10:00) Hawaii</option>
<option value="Pacific/Marquesas">(GMT-09:30) Marquesas Islands</option>
<option value="Pacific/Gambier">(GMT-09:00) Gambier Islands</option>
<option value="America/Anchorage">(GMT-09:00) Alaska</option>
<option value="America/Ensenada">(GMT-08:00) Tijuana, Baja California</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT+8">(GMT-08:00) Pitcairn Islands</option>
<option value="America/Los_Angeles">(GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/Denver">(GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/Chihuahua">(GMT-07:00) Chihuahua, La Paz, Mazatlan</option>
<option value="America/Dawson_Creek">(GMT-07:00) Arizona</option>
<option value="America/Belize">(GMT-06:00) Saskatchewan, Central America</option>
<option value="America/Cancun">(GMT-06:00) Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey</option>
<option value="Chile/EasterIsland">(GMT-06:00) Easter Island</option>
<option value="America/Chicago">(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/New_York">(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)</option>
<option value="America/Havana">(GMT-05:00) Cuba</option>
<option value="America/Bogota">(GMT-05:00) Bogota, Lima, Quito, Rio Branco</option>
<option value="America/Caracas">(GMT-04:30) Caracas</option>
<option value="America/Santiago">(GMT-04:00) Santiago</option>
<option value="America/La_Paz">(GMT-04:00) La Paz</option>
<option value="Atlantic/Stanley">(GMT-04:00) Faukland Islands</option>
<option value="America/Campo_Grande">(GMT-04:00) Brazil</option>
<option value="America/Goose_Bay">(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Goose Bay)</option>
<option value="America/Glace_Bay">(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada)</option>
<option value="America/St_Johns">(GMT-03:30) Newfoundland</option>
<option value="America/Araguaina">(GMT-03:00) UTC-3</option>
<option value="America/Montevideo">(GMT-03:00) Montevideo</option>
<option value="America/Miquelon">(GMT-03:00) Miquelon, St. Pierre</option>
<option value="America/Godthab">(GMT-03:00) Greenland</option>
<option value="America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires">(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires</option>
<option value="America/Sao_Paulo">(GMT-03:00) Brasilia</option>
<option value="America/Noronha">(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic</option>
<option value="Atlantic/Cape_Verde">(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is.</option>
<option value="Atlantic/Azores">(GMT-01:00) Azores</option>
<option value="Europe/Belfast">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Belfast</option>
<option value="Europe/Dublin">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Dublin</option>
<option value="Europe/Lisbon">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Lisbon</option>
<option value="Europe/London">(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : London</option>
<option value="Africa/Abidjan">(GMT) Monrovia, Reykjavik</option>
<option value="Europe/Amsterdam">(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna</option>
<option value="Europe/Belgrade">(GMT+01:00) Belgrade, Bratislava, Budapest, Ljubljana, Prague</option>
<option value="Europe/Brussels">(GMT+01:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris</option>
<option value="Africa/Algiers">(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa</option>
<option value="Africa/Windhoek">(GMT+01:00) Windhoek</option>
<option value="Asia/Beirut">(GMT+02:00) Beirut</option>
<option value="Africa/Cairo">(GMT+02:00) Cairo</option>
<option value="Asia/Gaza">(GMT+02:00) Gaza</option>
<option value="Africa/Blantyre">(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria</option>
<option value="Asia/Jerusalem">(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem</option>
<option value="Europe/Minsk">(GMT+02:00) Minsk</option>
<option value="Asia/Damascus">(GMT+02:00) Syria</option>
<option value="Europe/Moscow">(GMT+03:00) Moscow, St. Petersburg, Volgograd</option>
<option value="Africa/Addis_Ababa">(GMT+03:00) Nairobi</option>
<option value="Asia/Tehran">(GMT+03:30) Tehran</option>
<option value="Asia/Dubai">(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi, Muscat</option>
<option value="Asia/Yerevan">(GMT+04:00) Yerevan</option>
<option value="Asia/Kabul">(GMT+04:30) Kabul</option>
<option value="Asia/Yekaterinburg">(GMT+05:00) Ekaterinburg</option>
<option value="Asia/Tashkent">(GMT+05:00) Tashkent</option>
<option value="Asia/Kolkata">(GMT+05:30) Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi</option>
<option value="Asia/Katmandu">(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu</option>
<option value="Asia/Dhaka">(GMT+06:00) Astana, Dhaka</option>
<option value="Asia/Novosibirsk">(GMT+06:00) Novosibirsk</option>
<option value="Asia/Rangoon">(GMT+06:30) Yangon (Rangoon)</option>
<option value="Asia/Bangkok">(GMT+07:00) Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta</option>
<option value="Asia/Krasnoyarsk">(GMT+07:00) Krasnoyarsk</option>
<option value="Asia/Hong_Kong">(GMT+08:00) Beijing, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Urumqi</option>
<option value="Asia/Irkutsk">(GMT+08:00) Irkutsk, Ulaan Bataar</option>
<option value="Australia/Perth">(GMT+08:00) Perth</option>
<option value="Australia/Eucla">(GMT+08:45) Eucla</option>
<option value="Asia/Tokyo">(GMT+09:00) Osaka, Sapporo, Tokyo</option>
<option value="Asia/Seoul">(GMT+09:00) Seoul</option>
<option value="Asia/Yakutsk">(GMT+09:00) Yakutsk</option>
<option value="Australia/Adelaide">(GMT+09:30) Adelaide</option>
<option value="Australia/Darwin">(GMT+09:30) Darwin</option>
<option value="Australia/Brisbane">(GMT+10:00) Brisbane</option>
<option value="Australia/Hobart">(GMT+10:00) Hobart</option>
<option value="Asia/Vladivostok">(GMT+10:00) Vladivostok</option>
<option value="Australia/Lord_Howe">(GMT+10:30) Lord Howe Island</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT-11">(GMT+11:00) Solomon Is., New Caledonia</option>
<option value="Asia/Magadan">(GMT+11:00) Magadan</option>
<option value="Pacific/Norfolk">(GMT+11:30) Norfolk Island</option>
<option value="Asia/Anadyr">(GMT+12:00) Anadyr, Kamchatka</option>
<option value="Pacific/Auckland">(GMT+12:00) Auckland, Wellington</option>
<option value="Etc/GMT-12">(GMT+12:00) Fiji, Kamchatka, Marshall Is.</option>
<option value="Pacific/Chatham">(GMT+12:45) Chatham Islands</option>
<option value="Pacific/Tongatapu">(GMT+13:00) Nuku'alofa</option>
<option value="Pacific/Kiritimati">(GMT+14:00) Kiritimati</option>

Or just using PHP itself:

$timezones = DateTimeZone::listAbbreviations();

$cities = array();
foreach( $timezones as $key => $zones )
{
    foreach( $zones as $id => $zone )
    {
        /**
         * Only get timezones explicitely not part of "Others".
         * @see http://www.php.net/manual/en/timezones.others.php
         */
        if ( preg_match( '/^(America|Antartica|Arctic|Asia|Atlantic|Europe|Indian|Pacific)\//', $zone['timezone_id'] ) 
            && $zone['timezone_id']) {
            $cities[$zone['timezone_id']][] = $key;
        }
    }
}

// For each city, have a comma separated list of all possible timezones for that city.
foreach( $cities as $key => $value )
    $cities[$key] = join( ', ', $value);

// Only keep one city (the first and also most important) for each set of possibilities. 
$cities = array_unique( $cities );

// Sort by area/city name.
ksort( $cities );

It seems like the last one would be the safest as it would grow with the PHP release being used. You could also flip that array around when needed to tie timezones to city names.

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23条回答

  • duanou2016 duanou2016 12年前

    I would do it in PHP, except I would avoid doing preg_match 100 some times and do this to generate your list.

    $tzlist = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::ALL);
    

    Also, I would use PHP's names for the 'timezones' and forget about GMT offsets, which will change based on DST. Code like that in phpbb is only that way b/c they are still supporting PHP4 and can't rely on the DateTime or DateTimeZone objects being there.

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  • drqvsx1228 drqvsx1228 3年前

    I did this:

    php -r "echo json_encode(array_combine(DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::ALL), DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::ALL)));" > list-of-timezones.json

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  • doris20141022 doris20141022 3年前

    For those using CodeIgniter, there's a built-in Date Helper function called timezone_menu. These:

    $this->load->helper('date');
    echo timezone_menu('GMT', 'form-control', 'dropdown-name', ['id' => 'ci-timezone']);
    

    Produce the following output:

    <select name="dropdown-name" class="form-control" id="ci-timezone">
      <option value="UM12">(UTC -12:00) Baker/Howland Island</option>
      <option value="UM11">(UTC -11:00) Niue</option>
      <option value="UM10">(UTC -10:00) Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time, Cook Islands, Tahiti</option>
      <option value="UM95">(UTC -9:30) Marquesas Islands</option>
      <option value="UM9">(UTC -9:00) Alaska Standard Time, Gambier Islands</option>
      <option value="UM8">(UTC -8:00) Pacific Standard Time, Clipperton Island</option>
      <option value="UM7">(UTC -7:00) Mountain Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UM6">(UTC -6:00) Central Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UM5">(UTC -5:00) Eastern Standard Time, Western Caribbean Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UM45">(UTC -4:30) Venezuelan Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UM4">(UTC -4:00) Atlantic Standard Time, Eastern Caribbean Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UM35">(UTC -3:30) Newfoundland Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UM3">(UTC -3:00) Argentina, Brazil, French Guiana, Uruguay</option>
      <option value="UM2">(UTC -2:00) South Georgia/South Sandwich Islands</option>
      <option value="UM1">(UTC -1:00) Azores, Cape Verde Islands</option>
      <option value="UTC" selected="selected">(UTC) Greenwich Mean Time, Western European Time</option>
      <option value="UP1">(UTC +1:00) Central European Time, West Africa Time</option>
      <option value="UP2">(UTC +2:00) Central Africa Time, Eastern European Time, Kaliningrad Time</option>
      <option value="UP3">(UTC +3:00) Moscow Time, East Africa Time, Arabia Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UP35">(UTC +3:30) Iran Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UP4">(UTC +4:00) Azerbaijan Standard Time, Samara Time</option>
      <option value="UP45">(UTC +4:30) Afghanistan</option>
      <option value="UP5">(UTC +5:00) Pakistan Standard Time, Yekaterinburg Time</option>
      <option value="UP55">(UTC +5:30) Indian Standard Time, Sri Lanka Time</option>
      <option value="UP575">(UTC +5:45) Nepal Time</option>
      <option value="UP6">(UTC +6:00) Bangladesh Standard Time, Bhutan Time, Omsk Time</option>
      <option value="UP65">(UTC +6:30) Cocos Islands, Myanmar</option>
      <option value="UP7">(UTC +7:00) Krasnoyarsk Time, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam</option>
      <option value="UP8">(UTC +8:00) Australian Western Standard Time, Beijing Time, Irkutsk Time</option>
      <option value="UP875">(UTC +8:45) Australian Central Western Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UP9">(UTC +9:00) Japan Standard Time, Korea Standard Time, Yakutsk Time</option>
      <option value="UP95">(UTC +9:30) Australian Central Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UP10">(UTC +10:00) Australian Eastern Standard Time, Vladivostok Time</option>
      <option value="UP105">(UTC +10:30) Lord Howe Island</option>
      <option value="UP11">(UTC +11:00) Srednekolymsk Time, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu</option>
      <option value="UP115">(UTC +11:30) Norfolk Island</option>
      <option value="UP12">(UTC +12:00) Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Kamchatka Time, New Zealand Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UP1275">(UTC +12:45) Chatham Islands Standard Time</option>
      <option value="UP13">(UTC +13:00) Samoa Time Zone, Phoenix Islands Time, Tonga</option>
      <option value="UP14">(UTC +14:00) Line Islands</option>
    </select>
    
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  • dongyi7901 dongyi7901 3年前

    Here's a class I put together, mixing what I thought was the best of all suggestions here, and with Carbon as a dependency:

    namespace App\Support;
    
    use Carbon\Carbon;
    use DateTimeZone;
    
    class Timezone
    {
        protected static $timezones;
    
        public static function all(): array
        {
            if (static::$timezones) {
                return static::$timezones;
            }
    
            $offsets   = [];
            $timezones = [];
    
            foreach (DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers() as $timezone) {
    
                $offsets[]            = $offset = Carbon::now()->timezone($timezone)->offset;
                $timezones[$timezone] = static::formatTimezoneDisplay($timezone, $offset);
    
                array_multisort($offsets, $timezones);
    
            }
    
            return static::$timezones = $timezones;
        }
    
        protected static function formatTimezoneDisplay(string $timezone, string $offset): string
        {
            return static::formatOffset($offset) . ' (' . static::formatTimezone($timezone) . ')';
        }
    
        protected static function formatOffset(string $offset): string
        {
            if (!$offset) {
                return 'UTC±00:00';
            }
    
            $hours   = intval($offset / 3600);
            $minutes = abs(intval($offset % 3600 / 60));
    
            return 'UTC' . sprintf('%+03d:%02d', $hours, $minutes);
        }
    
        protected static function formatTimezone(string $timezone): string
        {
            return str_replace(['/', '_', 'St '], [', ', ' ', 'St. '], $timezone);
        }
    }
    

    You simply Timezone:all(), and that gets you an array in the format of UTC-5:00 (America, New York), so you could easily display a select field on your frontend.

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  • dsh1102 dsh1102 5年前

    After trying all solutions presented here and not being satisfied, I have found a script which is matching my needs and it is more user friendly. For the record, I will save it as a possible solution. I love the copy/paste solutions :)

    Script returns a select with whatever timezone you want preselected.

    enter image description here

    Source: https://e-tel.eu/2011/07/13/create-a-time-zone-drop-down-list-ddl-in-php/

    <?php
    /**
     * returns a HTML formated TimeZone select
     *
     * PHP 5 >= 5.2.0
     * 
     * @param $selectedTimeZone string The timezone marked as "selected"
     * @return string
     */
    function displayTimeZoneSelect($selectedTimeZone = 'America/New_York'){
        $countryCodes = getCountryCodes();
        $return = null;
        foreach ($countryCodes as $country => $countryCode) {
            $timezone_identifiers = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::PER_COUNTRY,$countryCode);
            foreach( $timezone_identifiers as $value ){
                /* getTimeZoneOffset returns minutes and we need to display hours */
                $offset = getTimeZoneOffset($value)/60;
                /* for the GMT+1 GMT-1 display */
                $offset = ( substr($offset,0,1) == "-" ? " (GMT" : " (GMT+" ) . $offset . ")";
                /* America/New_York -> America/New York */
                $displayValue = (str_replace('_',' ',$value));
                /* Find the city */
                $ex = explode("/",$displayValue);
                $city = ( ($ex[2]) ? $ex[2] : $ex[1] );
                /* For the special names */
                $displayValue = htmlentities($country." - ".$city.$offset); 
                /* handle the $selectedTimeZone in the select form */
                $selected = ( ($value == $selectedTimeZone) ? ' selected="selected"' : null );
                $return .= '<option value="' . $value . '"' . $selected . '>'
                    . $displayValue
                    . '</option>' . PHP_EOL;
            }
        }
    
        return $return;
    }
    
    /**
     * ISO 3166 code list
     *
     * @return array The country codes in 'COUNTRY' => 'CODE' format
     * @link http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166_code_lists ISO Website
     */
    function getCountryCodes(){
    $return = array(
    "AFGHANISTAN"=>"AF",
    "ALAND ISLANDS"=>"AX",
    "ALBANIA"=>"AL",
    "ALGERIA"=>"DZ",
    "AMERICAN SAMOA"=>"AS",
    "ANDORRA"=>"AD",
    "ANGOLA"=>"AO",
    "ANGUILLA"=>"AI",
    "ANTARCTICA"=>"AQ",
    "ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA"=>"AG",
    "ARGENTINA"=>"AR",
    "ARMENIA"=>"AM",
    "ARUBA"=>"AW",
    "AUSTRALIA"=>"AU",
    "AUSTRIA"=>"AT",
    "AZERBAIJAN"=>"AZ",
    "BAHAMAS"=>"BS",
    "BAHRAIN"=>"BH",
    "BANGLADESH"=>"BD",
    "BARBADOS"=>"BB",
    "BELARUS"=>"BY",
    "BELGIUM"=>"BE",
    "BELIZE"=>"BZ",
    "BENIN"=>"BJ",
    "BERMUDA"=>"BM",
    "BHUTAN"=>"BT",
    "BOLIVIA, PLURINATIONAL STATE OF"=>"BO",
    "BONAIRE, SINT EUSTATIUS AND SABA"=>"BQ",
    "BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA"=>"BA",
    "BOTSWANA"=>"BW",
    "BOUVET ISLAND"=>"BV",
    "BRAZIL"=>"BR",
    "BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY"=>"IO",
    "BRUNEI DARUSSALAM"=>"BN",
    "BULGARIA"=>"BG",
    "BURKINA FASO"=>"BF",
    "BURUNDI"=>"BI",
    "CAMBODIA"=>"KH",
    "CAMEROON"=>"CM",
    "CANADA"=>"CA",
    "CAPE VERDE"=>"CV",
    "CAYMAN ISLANDS"=>"KY",
    "CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC"=>"CF",
    "CHAD"=>"TD",
    "CHILE"=>"CL",
    "CHINA"=>"CN",
    "CHRISTMAS ISLAND"=>"CX",
    "COCOS (KEELING) ISLANDS"=>"CC",
    "COLOMBIA"=>"CO",
    "COMOROS"=>"KM",
    "CONGO"=>"CG",
    "CONGO, THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE"=>"CD",
    "COOK ISLANDS"=>"CK",
    "COSTA RICA"=>"CR",
    "CÔTE D'IVOIRE"=>"CI",
    "CROATIA"=>"HR",
    "CUBA"=>"CU",
    "CURAÇAO"=>"CW",
    "CYPRUS"=>"CY",
    "CZECH REPUBLIC"=>"CZ",
    "DENMARK"=>"DK",
    "DJIBOUTI"=>"DJ",
    "DOMINICA"=>"DM",
    "DOMINICAN REPUBLIC"=>"DO",
    "ECUADOR"=>"EC",
    "EGYPT"=>"EG",
    "EL SALVADOR"=>"SV",
    "EQUATORIAL GUINEA"=>"GQ",
    "ERITREA"=>"ER",
    "ESTONIA"=>"EE",
    "ETHIOPIA"=>"ET",
    "FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS)"=>"FK",
    "FAROE ISLANDS"=>"FO",
    "FIJI"=>"FJ",
    "FINLAND"=>"FI",
    "FRANCE"=>"FR",
    "FRENCH GUIANA"=>"GF",
    "FRENCH POLYNESIA"=>"PF",
    "FRENCH SOUTHERN TERRITORIES"=>"TF",
    "GABON"=>"GA",
    "GAMBIA"=>"GM",
    "GEORGIA"=>"GE",
    "GERMANY"=>"DE",
    "GHANA"=>"GH",
    "GIBRALTAR"=>"GI",
    "GREECE"=>"GR",
    "GREENLAND"=>"GL",
    "GRENADA"=>"GD",
    "GUADELOUPE"=>"GP",
    "GUAM"=>"GU",
    "GUATEMALA"=>"GT",
    "GUERNSEY"=>"GG",
    "GUINEA"=>"GN",
    "GUINEA-BISSAU"=>"GW",
    "GUYANA"=>"GY",
    "HAITI"=>"HT",
    "HEARD ISLAND AND MCDONALD ISLANDS"=>"HM",
    "HOLY SEE (VATICAN CITY STATE)"=>"VA",
    "HONDURAS"=>"HN",
    "HONG KONG"=>"HK",
    "HUNGARY"=>"HU",
    "ICELAND"=>"IS",
    "INDIA"=>"IN",
    "INDONESIA"=>"ID",
    "IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF"=>"IR",
    "IRAQ"=>"IQ",
    "IRELAND"=>"IE",
    "ISLE OF MAN"=>"IM",
    "ISRAEL"=>"IL",
    "ITALY"=>"IT",
    "JAMAICA"=>"JM",
    "JAPAN"=>"JP",
    "JERSEY"=>"JE",
    "JORDAN"=>"JO",
    "KAZAKHSTAN"=>"KZ",
    "KENYA"=>"KE",
    "KIRIBATI"=>"KI",
    "KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF"=>"KP",
    "KOREA, REPUBLIC OF"=>"KR",
    "KUWAIT"=>"KW",
    "KYRGYZSTAN"=>"KG",
    "LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC"=>"LA",
    "LATVIA"=>"LV",
    "LEBANON"=>"LB",
    "LESOTHO"=>"LS",
    "LIBERIA"=>"LR",
    "LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA"=>"LY",
    "LIECHTENSTEIN"=>"LI",
    "LITHUANIA"=>"LT",
    "LUXEMBOURG"=>"LU",
    "MACAO"=>"MO",
    "MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF"=>"MK",
    "MADAGASCAR"=>"MG",
    "MALAWI"=>"MW",
    "MALAYSIA"=>"MY",
    "MALDIVES"=>"MV",
    "MALI"=>"ML",
    "MALTA"=>"MT",
    "MARSHALL ISLANDS"=>"MH",
    "MARTINIQUE"=>"MQ",
    "MAURITANIA"=>"MR",
    "MAURITIUS"=>"MU",
    "MAYOTTE"=>"YT",
    "MEXICO"=>"MX",
    "MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF"=>"FM",
    "MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF"=>"MD",
    "MONACO"=>"MC",
    "MONGOLIA"=>"MN",
    "MONTENEGRO"=>"ME",
    "MONTSERRAT"=>"MS",
    "MOROCCO"=>"MA",
    "MOZAMBIQUE"=>"MZ",
    "MYANMAR"=>"MM",
    "NAMIBIA"=>"NA",
    "NAURU"=>"NR",
    "NEPAL"=>"NP",
    "NETHERLANDS"=>"NL",
    "NEW CALEDONIA"=>"NC",
    "NEW ZEALAND"=>"NZ",
    "NICARAGUA"=>"NI",
    "NIGER"=>"NE",
    "NIGERIA"=>"NG",
    "NIUE"=>"NU",
    "NORFOLK ISLAND"=>"NF",
    "NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS"=>"MP",
    "NORWAY"=>"NO",
    "OMAN"=>"OM",
    "PAKISTAN"=>"PK",
    "PALAU"=>"PW",
    "PALESTINIAN TERRITORY, OCCUPIED"=>"PS",
    "PANAMA"=>"PA",
    "PAPUA NEW GUINEA"=>"PG",
    "PARAGUAY"=>"PY",
    "PERU"=>"PE",
    "PHILIPPINES"=>"PH",
    "PITCAIRN"=>"PN",
    "POLAND"=>"PL",
    "PORTUGAL"=>"PT",
    "PUERTO RICO"=>"PR",
    "QATAR"=>"QA",
    "RÉUNION"=>"RE",
    "ROMANIA"=>"RO",
    "RUSSIAN FEDERATION"=>"RU",
    "RWANDA"=>"RW",
    "SAINT BARTHÉLEMY"=>"BL",
    "SAINT HELENA, ASCENSION AND TRISTAN DA CUNHA"=>"SH",
    "SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS"=>"KN",
    "SAINT LUCIA"=>"LC",
    "SAINT MARTIN (FRENCH PART)"=>"MF",
    "SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON"=>"PM",
    "SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES"=>"VC",
    "SAMOA"=>"WS",
    "SAN MARINO"=>"SM",
    "SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE"=>"ST",
    "SAUDI ARABIA"=>"SA",
    "SENEGAL"=>"SN",
    "SERBIA"=>"RS",
    "SEYCHELLES"=>"SC",
    "SIERRA LEONE"=>"SL",
    "SINGAPORE"=>"SG",
    "SINT MAARTEN (DUTCH PART)"=>"SX",
    "SLOVAKIA"=>"SK",
    "SLOVENIA"=>"SI",
    "SOLOMON ISLANDS"=>"SB",
    "SOMALIA"=>"SO",
    "SOUTH AFRICA"=>"ZA",
    "SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS"=>"GS",
    "SPAIN"=>"ES",
    "SRI LANKA"=>"LK",
    "SUDAN"=>"SD",
    "SURINAME"=>"SR",
    "SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN"=>"SJ",
    "SWAZILAND"=>"SZ",
    "SWEDEN"=>"SE",
    "SWITZERLAND"=>"CH",
    "SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC"=>"SY",
    "TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINA"=>"TW",
    "TAJIKISTAN"=>"TJ",
    "TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF"=>"TZ",
    "THAILAND"=>"TH",
    "TIMOR-LESTE"=>"TL",
    "TOGO"=>"TG",
    "TOKELAU"=>"TK",
    "TONGA"=>"TO",
    "TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO"=>"TT",
    "TUNISIA"=>"TN",
    "TURKEY"=>"TR",
    "TURKMENISTAN"=>"TM",
    "TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS"=>"TC",
    "TUVALU"=>"TV",
    "UGANDA"=>"UG",
    "UKRAINE"=>"UA",
    "UNITED ARAB EMIRATES"=>"AE",
    "UNITED KINGDOM"=>"GB",
    "UNITED STATES"=>"US",
    "UNITED STATES MINOR OUTLYING ISLANDS"=>"UM",
    "URUGUAY"=>"UY",
    "UZBEKISTAN"=>"UZ",
    "VANUATU"=>"VU",
    "VENEZUELA, BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF"=>"VE",
    "VIET NAM"=>"VN",
    "VIRGIN ISLANDS, BRITISH"=>"VG",
    "VIRGIN ISLANDS, U.S."=>"VI",
    "WALLIS AND FUTUNA"=>"WF",
    "WESTERN SAHARA"=>"EH",
    "YEMEN"=>"YE",
    "ZAMBIA"=>"ZM",
    "ZIMBABWE"=>"ZW");
    return $return;
    }
    
    /**
     * Calculates the offset from UTC for a given timezone
     *
     * @return integer
     */
    function getTimeZoneOffset($timeZone) {
        $dateTimeZoneUTC = new DateTimeZone("UTC");
        $dateTimeZoneCurrent = new DateTimeZone($timeZone);
    
        $dateTimeUTC = new DateTime("now",$dateTimeZoneUTC);
        $dateTimeCurrent = new DateTime("now",$dateTimeZoneCurrent);
    
        $offset = (($dateTimeZoneCurrent->getOffset($dateTimeUTC))/60);
        return $offset;
    }
    ?>
    
    
        <label for="timeZone">Timezone<br />
            <select id="timeZone" name="timeZone">
                <?php echo displayTimeZoneSelect("America/Toronto");?>
            </select>
        </label>
    
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  • dongpiao8821 dongpiao8821 7年前

    See this example also

    <?php
         function get_timezones() 
         {
            $o = array();
            $t_zones = timezone_identifiers_list();
            foreach($t_zones as $a)
            {
                $t = '';
    
                try
                {
                    //this throws exception for 'US/Pacific-New'
                    $zone = new DateTimeZone($a);
    
                    $seconds = $zone->getOffset( new DateTime("now" , $zone) );
                    $hours = sprintf( "%+02d" , intval($seconds/3600));
                    $minutes = sprintf( "%02d" , ($seconds%3600)/60 );
    
                    $t = $a ."  [ $hours:$minutes ]" ;
    
                    $o[$a] = $t;
                }
    
                //exceptions must be catched, else a blank page
                catch(Exception $e)
                {
                    //die("Exception : " . $e->getMessage() . '<br />');
                    //what to do in catch ? , nothing just relax
                }
            }
    
            ksort($o);
    
            return $o;
        } 
    
        $o = get_timezones();
        ?>
    
        <html>
        <body>
        <select name="time_zone">
        <?php
            foreach($o as $tz => $label)
            {
                echo "<option value="$tz">$label</option>";
            }
        ?>
        </select>
        </body>
        </html>
    
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  • dongre6073 dongre6073 12年前

    None of them. Instead prepare an array in PHP with those timezones. Like

    $arr[0] = "(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria";
    $arr[1] = "(GMT+03:00) Jerusalem";
    

    or

    $arr[0] = array("America/Campo_Grande", "(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria");
    $arr[1] = array("America/Israel", "(GMT+03:00) Jerusalem");
    

    and so on. Then generate form based on this array:

    foreach ($arr as $k => $v)
       $str .= "<option value=$k>$v[1]</option>";
    

    And then you may easily switch with different formats with just code modification in above line. Also validation will be much easier and don't require regular expressions. Just compare value sent by POST or GET with an array. Now it's easy to set $arr[$value_sent_by_form][0] holds PHP compatible value while $arr[$value_sent_by_form][1] user friendly value.

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  • drh37116 drh37116 12年前

    the first option would allow you to take the value from $_POST['whateveryoucalltheselect'] and add it to UTC. or even store that value and then always call UTC + userTZsetting whenever you need it later. seems easiest to me. the last option would be much more valuable if timezones changed frequently.

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  • douyong2531 douyong2531 3年前

    Variant 1

    Result:

    ...
    [America/Scoresbysund] => (UTC+00:00) America/Scoresbysund
    [Atlantic/Azores] => (UTC+00:00) Atlantic/Azores
    [Atlantic/Reykjavik] => (UTC+00:00) Atlantic/Reykjavik
    [Atlantic/St_Helena] => (UTC+00:00) Atlantic/St_Helena
    [UTC] => (UTC+00:00) UTC
    [Africa/Algiers] => (UTC+01:00) Africa/Algiers
    [Africa/Bangui] => (UTC+01:00) Africa/Bangui 
    ...
    

    Code:

    $tzlist = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::ALL);
    
    $result = [];
    foreach ($tzlist as $timezone) {
        $offset = (new DateTimeZone($timezone))->getOffset(new DateTime);
        $offsetPrefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
        $offsetFormatted = gmdate('H:i', abs($offset));
        $utcOffset = "(UTC$offsetPrefix$offsetFormatted)";
    
        $result[$timezone] = "${$utcOffset} $timezone";
    }
    asort($result);
    print_r($result);
    

    Variant 2

    Result:

    Array
    (
        [0] => Array
            (
                [value] => Africa/Abidjan
                [offset] => +00:00
                [text] => (UTC+00:00) Africa/Abidjan
            )
    
        [1] => Array
            (
                [value] => Africa/Conakry
                [offset] => +00:00
                [text] => (UTC+00:00) Africa/Conakry
            )
    ...
    

    Code:

    $tzlist = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::ALL);
    
    $result = [];
    foreach ($tzlist as $timezone) {
        $offset = (new DateTimeZone($timezone))->getOffset(new DateTime);
        $offsetPrefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
        $offsetFormatted = gmdate('H:i', abs($offset));
        $utcOffset = "UTC$offsetPrefix$offsetFormatted";
    
        $result[] = [
            'value' => $timezone,
            'offset' => "$offsetPrefix$offsetFormatted"
            // "text" => "($utcOffset) $timezone"
        ];
    }
    usort($result, function ($a, $b) { return strcmp($a["offset"], $b["offset"]); });
    print_r($result);
    
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  • doupa1883 doupa1883 3年前

    I created a PHP class for this with a corresponding jQuery plugin. I've open-sourced it at https://github.com/peterjtracey/timezoneWidget - the PHP code is inspired by another stackoverflow answer, but I think much more elegant. The jQuery plugin gives a great interface for selecting a timezone.

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  • dongrong3171 dongrong3171 4年前
    public static function tzList()
    {
        $tzMap = array();
        $zones = \DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers();
        foreach ($zones as $zone) {
            $tz = new \DateTimeZone($zone);
            $now = new \DateTime("utc", $tz);
            $diffInSeconds = $tz->getOffset($now);
            $hours = floor($diffInSeconds / 3600);
            $minutes = floor(($diffInSeconds % 3600) / 60);
            $tzMap[$zone] = sprintf("%+d", $hours) . ":" . sprintf("%02d", $minutes);
        }
        return $tzMap;
    }
    

    Tada! It's this simple. Gives you an array with the key as the PHP timezone and the value as a string in the format +-Hours:Minutes

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  • duanguochong0397 duanguochong0397 5年前

    In some projects it really doesn't make sense to have the detailed timezones of Africa, Europe or Pacific. So here is a short version

    $timezoneTable = array(
        "-12" => "(GMT -12:00) Eniwetok, Kwajalein",
        "-11" => "(GMT -11:00) Midway Island, Samoa",
        "-10" => "(GMT -10:00) Hawaii",
        "-9" => "(GMT -9:00) Alaska",
        "-8" => "(GMT -8:00) Pacific Time (US &amp; Canada)",
        "-7" => "(GMT -7:00) Mountain Time (US &amp; Canada)",
        "-6" => "(GMT -6:00) Central Time (US &amp; Canada), Mexico City",
        "-5" => "(GMT -5:00) Eastern Time (US &amp; Canada), Bogota, Lima",
        "-4" => "(GMT -4:00) Atlantic Time (Canada), Caracas, La Paz",
        "-3.5" => "(GMT -3:30) Newfoundland",
        "-3" => "(GMT -3:00) Brazil, Buenos Aires, Georgetown",
        "-2" => "(GMT -2:00) Mid-Atlantic",
        "-1" => "(GMT -1:00) Azores, Cape Verde Islands",
        "0" => "(GMT) Western Europe Time, London, Lisbon, Casablanca",
        "1" => "(GMT +1:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris",
        "2" => "(GMT +2:00) Kaliningrad, South Africa",
        "3" => "(GMT +3:00) Baghdad, Riyadh, Moscow, St. Petersburg",
        "3.5" => "(GMT +3:30) Tehran",
        "4" => "(GMT +4:00) Abu Dhabi, Muscat, Baku, Tbilisi",
        "4.5" => "(GMT +4:30) Kabul",
        "5" => "(GMT +5:00) Ekaterinburg, Islamabad, Karachi, Tashkent",
        "5.5" => "(GMT +5:30) Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, New Delhi",
        "6" => "(GMT +6:00) Almaty, Dhaka, Colombo",
        "7" => "(GMT +7:00) Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta",
        "8" => "(GMT +8:00) Beijing, Perth, Singapore, Hong Kong",
        "9" => "(GMT +9:00) Tokyo, Seoul, Osaka, Sapporo, Yakutsk",
        "9.5" => "(GMT +9:30) Adelaide, Darwin",
        "10" => "(GMT +10:00) Eastern Australia, Guam, Vladivostok",
        "11" => "(GMT +11:00) Magadan, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia",
        "12" => "(GMT +12:00) Auckland, Wellington, Fiji, Kamchatka"
    );
    
    echo "<select>";
    foreach ($timezoneTable as $k => $v){
        $sel = ($k==-5)?" selected":"";
        echo "<option value='".$k."'".$sel.">".$v."</option>";
    }
    echo "</select>" 
    

    this will generate a select as below:

    enter image description here

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  • dongse5408 dongse5408 6年前

    I wanted to have something simpler for my users, the way Google does it..

    $timezones = [
        "AF" => [
            "name" => "Afghanistan" 
        ],
        "AL" => [
            "name" => "Albania" 
        ],
        "DZ" => [
            "name" => "Algeria" 
        ],
        "AS" => [
            "name" => "American Samoa" 
        ],
        "AD" => [
            "name" => "Andorra" 
        ],
        "AQ" => [
            "name" => "Antarctica" 
        ],
        "AG" => [
            "name" => "Antigua & Barbuda" 
        ],
        "AR" => [
            "name" => "Argentina" 
        ],
        "AM" => [
            "name" => "Armenia" 
        ],
        "AU" => [
            "name" => "Australia" 
        ],
        "AT" => [
            "name" => "Austria" 
        ],
        "AZ" => [
            "name" => "Azerbaijan" 
        ],
        "BS" => [
            "name" => "Bahamas" 
        ],
        "BD" => [
            "name" => "Bangladesh" 
        ],
        "BB" => [
            "name" => "Barbados" 
        ],
        "BY" => [
            "name" => "Belarus" 
        ],
        "BE" => [
            "name" => "Belgium" 
        ],
        "BZ" => [
            "name" => "Belize" 
        ],
        "BM" => [
            "name" => "Bermuda" 
        ],
        "BT" => [
            "name" => "Bhutan" 
        ],
        "BO" => [
            "name" => "Bolivia" 
        ],
        "BA" => [
            "name" => "Bosnia & Herzegovina" 
        ],
        "BR" => [
            "name" => "Brazil" 
        ],
        "IO" => [
            "name" => "British Indian Ocean Territory" 
        ],
        "BN" => [
            "name" => "Brunei" 
        ],
        "BG" => [
            "name" => "Bulgaria" 
        ],
        "CA" => [
            "name" => "Canada" 
        ],
        "CV" => [
            "name" => "Cape Verde" 
        ],
        "KY" => [
            "name" => "Cayman Islands" 
        ],
        "TD" => [
            "name" => "Chad" 
        ],
        "CL" => [
            "name" => "Chile" 
        ],
        "CN" => [
            "name" => "China" 
        ],
        "CX" => [
            "name" => "Christmas Island" 
        ],
        "CC" => [
            "name" => "Cocos (Keeling) Islands" 
        ],
        "CO" => [
            "name" => "Colombia" 
        ],
        "CK" => [
            "name" => "Cook Islands" 
        ],
        "CR" => [
            "name" => "Costa Rica" 
        ],
        "CI" => [
            "name" => "Côte d’Ivoire" 
        ],
        "HR" => [
            "name" => "Croatia" 
        ],
        "CU" => [
            "name" => "Cuba" 
        ],
        "CW" => [
            "name" => "Curaçao" 
        ],
        "CY" => [
            "name" => "Cyprus" 
        ],
        "CZ" => [
            "name" => "Czech Republic" 
        ],
        "DK" => [
            "name" => "Denmark" 
        ],
        "DO" => [
            "name" => "Dominican Republic" 
        ],
        "EC" => [
            "name" => "Ecuador" 
        ],
        "EG" => [
            "name" => "Egypt" 
        ],
        "SV" => [
            "name" => "El Salvador" 
        ],
        "EE" => [
            "name" => "Estonia" 
        ],
        "FK" => [
            "name" => "Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)" 
        ],
        "FO" => [
            "name" => "Faroe Islands" 
        ],
        "FJ" => [
            "name" => "Fiji" 
        ],
        "FI" => [
            "name" => "Finland" 
        ],
        "FR" => [
            "name" => "France" 
        ],
        "GF" => [
            "name" => "French Guiana" 
        ],
        "PF" => [
            "name" => "French Polynesia" 
        ],
        "TF" => [
            "name" => "French Southern Territories" 
        ],
        "GE" => [
            "name" => "Georgia" 
        ],
        "DE" => [
            "name" => "Germany" 
        ],
        "GH" => [
            "name" => "Ghana" 
        ],
        "GI" => [
            "name" => "Gibraltar" 
        ],
        "GR" => [
            "name" => "Greece" 
        ],
        "GL" => [
            "name" => "Greenland" 
        ],
        "GU" => [
            "name" => "Guam" 
        ],
        "GT" => [
            "name" => "Guatemala" 
        ],
        "GW" => [
            "name" => "Guinea-Bissau" 
        ],
        "GY" => [
            "name" => "Guyana" 
        ],
        "HT" => [
            "name" => "Haiti" 
        ],
        "HN" => [
            "name" => "Honduras" 
        ],
        "HK" => [
            "name" => "Hong Kong" 
        ],
        "HU" => [
            "name" => "Hungary" 
        ],
        "IS" => [
            "name" => "Iceland" 
        ],
        "IN" => [
            "name" => "India" 
        ],
        "ID" => [
            "name" => "Indonesia" 
        ],
        "IR" => [
            "name" => "Iran" 
        ],
        "IQ" => [
            "name" => "Iraq" 
        ],
        "IE" => [
            "name" => "Ireland" 
        ],
        "IL" => [
            "name" => "Israel" 
        ],
        "IT" => [
            "name" => "Italy" 
        ],
        "JM" => [
            "name" => "Jamaica" 
        ],
        "JP" => [
            "name" => "Japan" 
        ],
        "JO" => [
            "name" => "Jordan" 
        ],
        "KZ" => [
            "name" => "Kazakhstan" 
        ],
        "KE" => [
            "name" => "Kenya" 
        ],
        "KI" => [
            "name" => "Kiribati" 
        ],
        "KG" => [
            "name" => "Kyrgyzstan" 
        ],
        "LV" => [
            "name" => "Latvia" 
        ],
        "LB" => [
            "name" => "Lebanon" 
        ],
        "LR" => [
            "name" => "Liberia" 
        ],
        "LY" => [
            "name" => "Libya" 
        ],
        "LT" => [
            "name" => "Lithuania" 
        ],
        "LU" => [
            "name" => "Luxembourg" 
        ],
        "MO" => [
            "name" => "Macau" 
        ],
        "MK" => [
            "name" => "Macedonia (FYROM)" 
        ],
        "MY" => [
            "name" => "Malaysia" 
        ],
        "MV" => [
            "name" => "Maldives" 
        ],
        "MT" => [
            "name" => "Malta" 
        ],
        "MH" => [
            "name" => "Marshall Islands" 
        ],
        "MQ" => [
            "name" => "Martinique" 
        ],
        "MU" => [
            "name" => "Mauritius" 
        ],
        "MX" => [
            "name" => "Mexico" 
        ],
        "FM" => [
            "name" => "Micronesia" 
        ],
        "MD" => [
            "name" => "Moldova" 
        ],
        "MC" => [
            "name" => "Monaco" 
        ],
        "MN" => [
            "name" => "Mongolia" 
        ],
        "MA" => [
            "name" => "Morocco" 
        ],
        "MZ" => [
            "name" => "Mozambique" 
        ],
        "MM" => [
            "name" => "Myanmar (Burma)" 
        ],
        "NA" => [
            "name" => "Namibia" 
        ],
        "NR" => [
            "name" => "Nauru" 
        ],
        "NP" => [
            "name" => "Nepal" 
        ],
        "NL" => [
            "name" => "Netherlands" 
        ],
        "NC" => [
            "name" => "New Caledonia" 
        ],
        "NZ" => [
            "name" => "New Zealand" 
        ],
        "NI" => [
            "name" => "Nicaragua" 
        ],
        "NG" => [
            "name" => "Nigeria" 
        ],
        "NU" => [
            "name" => "Niue" 
        ],
        "NF" => [
            "name" => "Norfolk Island" 
        ],
        "KP" => [
            "name" => "North Korea" 
        ],
        "MP" => [
            "name" => "Northern Mariana Islands" 
        ],
        "NO" => [
            "name" => "Norway" 
        ],
        "PK" => [
            "name" => "Pakistan" 
        ],
        "PW" => [
            "name" => "Palau" 
        ],
        "PS" => [
            "name" => "Palestine" 
        ],
        "PA" => [
            "name" => "Panama" 
        ],
        "PG" => [
            "name" => "Papua New Guinea" 
        ],
        "PY" => [
            "name" => "Paraguay" 
        ],
        "PE" => [
            "name" => "Peru" 
        ],
        "PH" => [
            "name" => "Philippines" 
        ],
        "PN" => [
            "name" => "Pitcairn Islands" 
        ],
        "PL" => [
            "name" => "Poland" 
        ],
        "PT" => [
            "name" => "Portugal" 
        ],
        "PR" => [
            "name" => "Puerto Rico" 
        ],
        "QA" => [
            "name" => "Qatar" 
        ],
        "RE" => [
            "name" => "Réunion" 
        ],
        "RO" => [
            "name" => "Romania" 
        ],
        "RU" => [
            "name" => "Russia" 
        ],
        "WS" => [
            "name" => "Samoa" 
        ],
        "SM" => [
            "name" => "San Marino" 
        ],
        "SA" => [
            "name" => "Saudi Arabia" 
        ],
        "RS" => [
            "name" => "Serbia" 
        ],
        "SC" => [
            "name" => "Seychelles" 
        ],
        "SG" => [
            "name" => "Singapore" 
        ],
        "SK" => [
            "name" => "Slovakia" 
        ],
        "SI" => [
            "name" => "Slovenia" 
        ],
        "SB" => [
            "name" => "Solomon Islands" 
        ],
        "ZA" => [
            "name" => "South Africa" 
        ],
        "GS" => [
            "name" => "South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands" 
        ],
        "KR" => [
            "name" => "South Korea" 
        ],
        "ES" => [
            "name" => "Spain" 
        ],
        "LK" => [
            "name" => "Sri Lanka" 
        ],
        "PM" => [
            "name" => "St. Pierre & Miquelon" 
        ],
        "SD" => [
            "name" => "Sudan" 
        ],
        "SR" => [
            "name" => "Suriname" 
        ],
        "SJ" => [
            "name" => "Svalbard & Jan Mayen" 
        ],
        "SE" => [
            "name" => "Sweden" 
        ],
        "CH" => [
            "name" => "Switzerland" 
        ],
        "SY" => [
            "name" => "Syria" 
        ],
        "TW" => [
            "name" => "Taiwan" 
        ],
        "TJ" => [
            "name" => "Tajikistan" 
        ],
        "TH" => [
            "name" => "Thailand" 
        ],
        "TL" => [
            "name" => "Timor-Leste" 
        ],
        "TK" => [
            "name" => "Tokelau" 
        ],
        "TO" => [
            "name" => "Tonga" 
        ],
        "TT" => [
            "name" => "Trinidad & Tobago" 
        ],
        "TN" => [
            "name" => "Tunisia" 
        ],
        "TR" => [
            "name" => "Turkey" 
        ],
        "TM" => [
            "name" => "Turkmenistan" 
        ],
        "TC" => [
            "name" => "Turks & Caicos Islands" 
        ],
        "TV" => [
            "name" => "Tuvalu" 
        ],
        "UM" => [
            "name" => "U.S. Outlying Islands" 
        ],
        "UA" => [
            "name" => "Ukraine" 
        ],
        "AE" => [
            "name" => "United Arab Emirates" 
        ],
        "GB" => [
            "name" => "United Kingdom" 
        ],
        "US" => [
            "name" => "United States" 
        ],
        "UY" => [
            "name" => "Uruguay" 
        ],
        "UZ" => [
            "name" => "Uzbekistan" 
        ],
        "VU" => [
            "name" => "Vanuatu" 
        ],
        "VA" => [
            "name" => "Vatican City" 
        ],
        "VE" => [
            "name" => "Venezuela" 
        ],
        "VN" => [
            "name" => "Vietnam" 
        ],
        "WF" => [
            "name" => "Wallis & Futuna" 
        ],
        "EH" => [
            "name" => "Western Sahara" 
        ],
    ];
    
    // taken from Toland Hon's Answer
    function prettyOffset($offset) {
        $offset_prefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
        $offset_formatted = gmdate( 'H:i', abs($offset) );
    
        $pretty_offset = "UTC${offset_prefix}${offset_formatted}";
    
        return $pretty_offset;
    }
    
    foreach ($timezones as $k => $v) {
        $tz = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers(DateTimeZone::PER_COUNTRY, $k);
    
        foreach ($tz as $value) {
            $t = new DateTimeZone($value);
            $offset = (new DateTime("now", $t))->getOffset();
            $timezones[$k]['timezones'][$value] = prettyOffset($offset);
        }   
    }
    

    This gives me an array grouped by countries:

    ["US"]=>
      array(2) {
        ["name"]=>
        string(13) "United States"
        ["timezones"]=>
        array(29) {
          ["America/Adak"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-10:00"
          ["America/Anchorage"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-09:00"
          ["America/Boise"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-07:00"
          ["America/Chicago"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/Denver"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-07:00"
          ["America/Detroit"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Indianapolis"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Knox"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Marengo"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Petersburg"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Tell_City"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Vevay"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Vincennes"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Indiana/Winamac"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Juneau"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-09:00"
          ["America/Kentucky/Louisville"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Kentucky/Monticello"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Los_Angeles"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-08:00"
          ["America/Menominee"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/Metlakatla"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-08:00"
          ["America/New_York"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-05:00"
          ["America/Nome"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-09:00"
          ["America/North_Dakota/Beulah"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/North_Dakota/Center"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/North_Dakota/New_Salem"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-06:00"
          ["America/Phoenix"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-07:00"
          ["America/Sitka"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-09:00"
          ["America/Yakutat"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-09:00"
          ["Pacific/Honolulu"]=>
          string(9) "UTC-10:00"
        }
      }
    

    Which means now I can do something like below (of course with some javaScript trickery): Google Analytics Timezone Settings

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  • dplbf4340 dplbf4340 3年前
    $timezone = array(
        'Pacific/Midway' => '(GMT-11:00) Midway Island, Samoa',
        'America/Adak' => '(GMT-10:00) Hawaii-Aleutian',
        'Etc/GMT+10' => '(GMT-10:00) Hawaii',
        'Pacific/Marquesas' => '(GMT-09:30) Marquesas Islands',
        'Pacific/Gambier' => '(GMT-09:00) Gambier Islands',
        'America/Anchorage' => '(GMT-09:00) Alaska',
        'America/Ensenada' => '(GMT-08:00) Tijuana, Baja California',
        'Etc/GMT+8' => '(GMT-08:00) Pitcairn Islands',
        'America/Los_Angeles' => '(GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada)',
        'America/Denver' => '(GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US & Canada)',
        'America/Chihuahua' => '(GMT-07:00) Chihuahua, La Paz, Mazatlan',
        'America/Dawson_Creek' => '(GMT-07:00) Arizona',
        'America/Belize' => '(GMT-06:00) Saskatchewan, Central America',
        'America/Cancun' => '(GMT-06:00) Guadalajara, Mexico City, Monterrey',
        'Chile/EasterIsland' => '(GMT-06:00) Easter Island',
        'America/Chicago' => '(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US & Canada)',
        'America/New_York' => '(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)',
        'America/Havana' => '(GMT-05:00) Cuba',
        'America/Bogota' => '(GMT-05:00) Bogota, Lima, Quito, Rio Branco',
        'America/Caracas' => '(GMT-04:30) Caracas',
        'America/Santiago' => '(GMT-04:00) Santiago',
        'America/La_Paz' => '(GMT-04:00) La Paz',
        'Atlantic/Stanley' => '(GMT-04:00) Faukland Islands',
        'America/Campo_Grande' => '(GMT-04:00) Brazil',
        'America/Goose_Bay' => '(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Goose Bay)',
        'America/Glace_Bay' => '(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada)',
        'America/St_Johns' => '(GMT-03:30) Newfoundland',
        'America/Araguaina' => '(GMT-03:00) UTC-3',
        'America/Montevideo' => '(GMT-03:00) Montevideo',
        'America/Miquelon' => '(GMT-03:00) Miquelon, St. Pierre',
        'America/Godthab' => '(GMT-03:00) Greenland',
        'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires' => '(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires',
        'America/Sao_Paulo' => '(GMT-03:00) Brasilia',
        'America/Noronha' => '(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic',
        'Atlantic/Cape_Verde' => '(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is.',
        'Atlantic/Azores' => '(GMT-01:00) Azores',
        'Europe/Belfast' => '(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Belfast',
        'Europe/Dublin' => '(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Dublin',
        'Europe/Lisbon' => '(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : Lisbon',
        'Europe/London' => '(GMT) Greenwich Mean Time : London',
        'Africa/Abidjan' => '(GMT) Monrovia, Reykjavik',
        'Europe/Amsterdam' => '(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna',
        'Europe/Belgrade' => '(GMT+01:00) Belgrade, Bratislava, Budapest, Ljubljana, Prague',
        'Europe/Brussels' => '(GMT+01:00) Brussels, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris',
        'Africa/Algiers' => '(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa',
        'Africa/Windhoek' => '(GMT+01:00) Windhoek',
        'Asia/Beirut' => '(GMT+02:00) Beirut',
        'Africa/Cairo' => '(GMT+02:00) Cairo',
        'Asia/Gaza' => '(GMT+02:00) Gaza',
        'Africa/Blantyre' => '(GMT+02:00) Harare, Pretoria',
        'Asia/Jerusalem' => '(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem',
        'Europe/Minsk' => '(GMT+02:00) Minsk',
        'Asia/Damascus' => '(GMT+02:00) Syria',
        'Europe/Moscow' => '(GMT+03:00) Moscow, St. Petersburg, Volgograd',
        'Africa/Addis_Ababa' => '(GMT+03:00) Nairobi',
        'Asia/Tehran' => '(GMT+03:30) Tehran',
        'Asia/Dubai' => '(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi, Muscat',
        'Asia/Yerevan' => '(GMT+04:00) Yerevan',
        'Asia/Kabul' => '(GMT+04:30) Kabul',
        'Asia/Yekaterinburg' => '(GMT+05:00) Ekaterinburg',
        'Asia/Tashkent' => '(GMT+05:00) Tashkent',
        'Asia/Kolkata' => '(GMT+05:30) Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi',
        'Asia/Katmandu' => '(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu',
        'Asia/Dhaka' => '(GMT+06:00) Astana, Dhaka',
        'Asia/Novosibirsk' => '(GMT+06:00) Novosibirsk',
        'Asia/Rangoon' => '(GMT+06:30) Yangon (Rangoon)',
        'Asia/Bangkok' => '(GMT+07:00) Bangkok, Hanoi, Jakarta',
        'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' => '(GMT+07:00) Krasnoyarsk',
        'Asia/Hong_Kong' => '(GMT+08:00) Beijing, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Urumqi',
        'Asia/Irkutsk' => '(GMT+08:00) Irkutsk, Ulaan Bataar',
        'Australia/Perth' => '(GMT+08:00) Perth',
        'Australia/Eucla' => '(GMT+08:45) Eucla',
        'Asia/Tokyo' => '(GMT+09:00) Osaka, Sapporo, Tokyo',
        'Asia/Seoul' => '(GMT+09:00) Seoul',
        'Asia/Yakutsk' => '(GMT+09:00) Yakutsk',
        'Australia/Adelaide' => '(GMT+09:30) Adelaide',
        'Australia/Darwin' => '(GMT+09:30) Darwin',
        'Australia/Brisbane' => '(GMT+10:00) Brisbane',
        'Australia/Hobart' => '(GMT+10:00) Hobart',
        'Asia/Vladivostok' => '(GMT+10:00) Vladivostok',
        'Australia/Lord_Howe' => '(GMT+10:30) Lord Howe Island',
        'Etc/GMT-11' => '(GMT+11:00) Solomon Is., New Caledonia',
        'Asia/Magadan' => '(GMT+11:00) Magadan',
        'Pacific/Norfolk' => '(GMT+11:30) Norfolk Island',
        'Asia/Anadyr' => '(GMT+12:00) Anadyr, Kamchatka',
        'Pacific/Auckland' => '(GMT+12:00) Auckland, Wellington',
        'Etc/GMT-12' => '(GMT+12:00) Fiji, Kamchatka, Marshall Is.',
        'Pacific/Chatham' => '(GMT+12:45) Chatham Islands',
        'Pacific/Tongatapu' => '(GMT+13:00) Nukualofa',
        'Pacific/Kiritimati' => '(GMT+14:00) Kiritimati',
    
    date_default_timezone_set($timezone);
    
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  • douba4275 douba4275 5年前

    This PHP function do the Job for you an give back an array:

    function time_zonelist(){
        $return = array();
        $timezone_identifiers_list = timezone_identifiers_list();
        foreach($timezone_identifiers_list as $timezone_identifier){
            $date_time_zone = new DateTimeZone($timezone_identifier);
            $date_time = new DateTime('now', $date_time_zone);
            $hours = floor($date_time_zone->getOffset($date_time) / 3600);
            $mins = floor(($date_time_zone->getOffset($date_time) - ($hours*3600)) / 60);
            $hours = 'GMT' . ($hours < 0 ? $hours : '+'.$hours);
            $mins = ($mins > 0 ? $mins : '0'.$mins);
            $text = str_replace("_"," ",$timezone_identifier);
            $return[$timezone_identifier] = $text.' ('.$hours.':'.$mins.')';
        }
        return $return;
    }
    

    This PHP function give back an array of all existing Timezones including Offset:

    Use it e.g. like this:

    print_r(time_zonelist());
    
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  • dqxuiq7772 dqxuiq7772 7年前

    I know this has an answer already but I saw an opportunity to improve upon one of the answers here. Toland H posted some very good code that does exactly what the question was asking for. Below is a shortened and expand version of Toland H's code:

    • The function places everything in option tags for you. Just echo out whats return between your select tags.
    • Major Improvement: The list is sorted first by continent and organized in option groups based on continents. Makes it very user friendly for visitors picking their timezone.

    function generate_timezone_list() {
    static $allRegions = array(
    DateTimeZone::AFRICA,
    DateTimeZone::AMERICA,
    DateTimeZone::ANTARCTICA,
    DateTimeZone::ASIA,
    DateTimeZone::ATLANTIC,
    DateTimeZone::AUSTRALIA,
    DateTimeZone::EUROPE,
    DateTimeZone::INDIAN,
    DateTimeZone::PACIFIC
    );
    // Makes it easier to create option groups next
    $list = array ('AFRICA','AMERICA','ANTARCTICA','ASIA','ATLANTIC','AUSTRALIA','EUROPE','INDIAN','PACIFIC');
    // Make array holding the regions (continents), they are arrays w/ all their cities
    $region = array();
    foreach ($allRegions as $area){
    array_push ($region,DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers( $area ));
    }   
    $count = count ($region); $i = 0; $holder = '';
    // Go through each region one by one, sorting and formatting it's cities
    while ($i < $count){
    $chunck = $region[$i];
    // Create the region (continents) option group
    $holder .= '<optgroup label="---------- '.$list[$i].' ----------">';
    $timezone_offsets = array();
    foreach( $chunck as $timezone ){
    $tz = new DateTimeZone($timezone);
    $timezone_offsets[$timezone] = $tz->getOffset(new DateTime);
    }
    asort ($timezone_offsets);
    $timezone_list = array();
    foreach ($timezone_offsets as $timezone => $offset){
    $offset_prefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
    $offset_formatted = gmdate( 'H:i', abs($offset) );
    $pretty_offset = "UTC ${offset_prefix}${offset_formatted}";
    $timezone_list[$timezone] = "(${pretty_offset}) $timezone";     
    }
    // All the formatting is done, finish and move on to next region
    foreach ($timezone_list as $key => $val){
    $holder .= '<option value="'.$key.'">'.$val.'</option>';
    }
    $holder .= '</optgroup>';
    ++$i;
    }
    return $holder;
    }
    echo "<select>".generate_timezone_list()."</select>";
    

    Then all you need to do is echo out what is returned between your html select tags. You'll get a select list something like this:

    ----- AFRICA -----
    (UTC +00:00) Africa/ city name
    (UTC +01:00) Africa/ city name
    (UTC +02:00) Africa/ city name
    (UTC +02:00) Africa/ city name
    ----- AMERICA -----
    (UTC -09:00) America/ city name
    (UTC -07:00) America/ city name
    (UTC +02:00) America/ city name
    (UTC +05:00) America/ city name
    

    And so on...

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  • dongluanguang4774 dongluanguang4774 7年前

    Using listAbbreviations() makes no sense as for every area it returns all the different offsets that were historically used there, not just current ones. The right base source of the list is definitely listIdentifiers().

    I would generate the list just once and save it to avoid generating it for every request. I could refresh it once a month.

    Also, I could put all the timezones info into a separate js-script and generate the select list itself on the client side. The js-script could be cached as well, timezones don't change often.

    Also, using javascript on the client side, you can know the current local time, and hence you can find the zones that have the same time now (minutes may differ, so comparison should be approximate), and display them on the top of the list, so the user does not have to scroll through all the 400 items. You can also display adjacent zones (+/-1 hour) following.

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  • doumouyi4039 doumouyi4039 4年前

    Here's one that creates a multidimensional array sorted by offset and niceified name:

    function timezones() {
        $timezones = [];
    
        foreach (timezone_identifiers_list() as $timezone) {
            $datetime = new \DateTime('now', new DateTimeZone($timezone));
            $timezones[] = [
                'sort' => str_replace(':', '', $datetime->format('P')),
                'offset' => $datetime->format('P'),
                'name' => str_replace('_', ' ', implode(', ', explode('/', $timezone))),
                'timezone' => $timezone,
            ];
        }
    
        usort($timezones, function($a, $b) {
            return $a['sort'] - $b['sort'] ?: strcmp($a['name'], $b['name']);
        });
    
        return $timezones;
    }
    
    foreach (timezones() as $timezone) {
        echo '(UTC '.$timezone['offset'].') '.$timezone['name'].'<br>';
    }
    

    Echos:

    (UTC -11:00) Pacific, Midway
    (UTC -11:00) Pacific, Niue
    (UTC -11:00) Pacific, Pago Pago
    (UTC -10:00) Pacific, Honolulu
    (UTC -10:00) Pacific, Johnston
    (UTC -10:00) Pacific, Rarotonga
    (UTC -10:00) Pacific, Tahiti
    (UTC -09:30) Pacific, Marquesas
    (UTC -09:00) America, Adak
    (UTC -09:00) Pacific, Gambier
    (UTC -08:00) America, Anchorage
    (UTC -08:00) America, Juneau
    ...
    
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  • douhuan1497 douhuan1497 8年前

    Editing Tamas' answer to remove all the "other" entries that the php.net site says should no longer be used.

    Maybe doesn't matter, but just following best practices. See notice at bottom of: http://fr2.php.net/manual/en/timezones.others.php

    Also, though this list has the Azores as GMT -1, in fact I think it's the same (at least sometimes) as GMT, but not sure.

    Editing to offer this in sql so you can create the drop down list in a form and have the user's answer be tied to an index instead.

    Editing again to remove leading space

    CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `timezones` (
      `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
      `name` varchar(44) DEFAULT NULL,
      `timezone` varchar(30) DEFAULT NULL,
      PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
    ) ENGINE=MyISAM  DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 AUTO_INCREMENT=141 ;
    
    --
    -- Dumping data for table `timezones`
    --
    
    INSERT INTO `timezones` (`id`, `name`, `timezone`) VALUES
    (1, '(GMT-11:00) Midway Island ', 'Pacific/Midway'),
    (2, '(GMT-11:00) Samoa ', 'Pacific/Samoa'),
    (3, '(GMT-10:00) Hawaii ', 'Pacific/Honolulu'),
    (4, '(GMT-09:00) Alaska ', 'America/Anchorage'),
    (5, '(GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/Los_Angeles'),
    (6, '(GMT-08:00) Tijuana ', 'America/Tijuana'),
    (7, '(GMT-07:00) Chihuahua ', 'America/Chihuahua'),
    (8, '(GMT-07:00) La Paz ', 'America/Chihuahua'),
    (9, '(GMT-07:00) Mazatlan ', 'America/Mazatlan'),
    (10, '(GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/Denver'),
    (11, '(GMT-06:00) Central America ', 'America/Managua'),
    (12, '(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/Chicago'),
    (13, '(GMT-06:00) Guadalajara ', 'America/Mexico_City'),
    (14, '(GMT-06:00) Mexico City ', 'America/Mexico_City'),
    (15, '(GMT-06:00) Monterrey ', 'America/Monterrey'),
    (16, '(GMT-05:00) Bogota ', 'America/Bogota'),
    (17, '(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US &amp; Canada) ', 'America/New_York'),
    (18, '(GMT-05:00) Lima ', 'America/Lima'),
    (19, '(GMT-05:00) Quito ', 'America/Bogota'),
    (20, '(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada) ', 'Canada/Atlantic'),
    (21, '(GMT-04:30) Caracas ', 'America/Caracas'),
    (22, '(GMT-04:00) La Paz ', 'America/La_Paz'),
    (23, '(GMT-04:00) Santiago ', 'America/Santiago'),
    (24, '(GMT-03:30) Newfoundland ', 'America/St_Johns'),
    (25, '(GMT-03:00) Brasilia ', 'America/Sao_Paulo'),
    (26, '(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires ', 'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires'),
    (27, '(GMT-03:00) Georgetown ', 'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires'),
    (28, '(GMT-03:00) Greenland ', 'America/Godthab'),
    (29, '(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic ', 'America/Noronha'),
    (30, '(GMT-01:00) Azores ', 'Atlantic/Azores'),
    (31, '(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is. ', 'Atlantic/Cape_Verde'),
    (32, '(GMT+00:00) Casablanca ', 'Africa/Casablanca'),
    (33, '(GMT+00:00) Edinburgh ', 'Europe/London'),
    (34, '(GMT+00:00) Dublin ', 'Europe/Dublin'),
    (35, '(GMT+00:00) Lisbon ', 'Europe/Lisbon'),
    (36, '(GMT+00:00) London ', 'Europe/London'),
    (37, '(GMT+00:00) Monrovia ', 'Africa/Monrovia'),
    (38, '(GMT+00:00) UTC ', 'UTC'),
    (39, '(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam ', 'Europe/Amsterdam'),
    (40, '(GMT+01:00) Belgrade ', 'Europe/Belgrade'),
    (41, '(GMT+01:00) Berlin ', 'Europe/Berlin'),
    (42, '(GMT+01:00) Bern ', 'Europe/Berlin'),
    (43, '(GMT+01:00) Bratislava ', 'Europe/Bratislava'),
    (44, '(GMT+01:00) Brussels ', 'Europe/Brussels'),
    (45, '(GMT+01:00) Budapest ', 'Europe/Budapest'),
    (46, '(GMT+01:00) Copenhagen ', 'Europe/Copenhagen'),
    (47, '(GMT+01:00) Ljubljana ', 'Europe/Ljubljana'),
    (48, '(GMT+01:00) Madrid ', 'Europe/Madrid'),
    (49, '(GMT+01:00) Paris ', 'Europe/Paris'),
    (50, '(GMT+01:00) Prague ', 'Europe/Prague'),
    (51, '(GMT+01:00) Rome ', 'Europe/Rome'),
    (52, '(GMT+01:00) Sarajevo ', 'Europe/Sarajevo'),
    (53, '(GMT+01:00) Skopje ', 'Europe/Skopje'),
    (54, '(GMT+01:00) Stockholm ', 'Europe/Stockholm'),
    (55, '(GMT+01:00) Vienna ', 'Europe/Vienna'),
    (56, '(GMT+01:00) Warsaw ', 'Europe/Warsaw'),
    (57, '(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa ', 'Africa/Lagos'),
    (58, '(GMT+01:00) Zagreb ', 'Europe/Zagreb'),
    (59, '(GMT+02:00) Athens ', 'Europe/Athens'),
    (60, '(GMT+02:00) Bucharest ', 'Europe/Bucharest'),
    (61, '(GMT+02:00) Cairo ', 'Africa/Cairo'),
    (62, '(GMT+02:00) Harare ', 'Africa/Harare'),
    (63, '(GMT+02:00) Helsinki ', 'Europe/Helsinki'),
    (64, '(GMT+02:00) Istanbul ', 'Europe/Istanbul'),
    (65, '(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem ', 'Asia/Jerusalem'),
    (66, '(GMT+02:00) Kyiv ', 'Europe/Helsinki'),
    (67, '(GMT+02:00) Pretoria ', 'Africa/Johannesburg'),
    (68, '(GMT+02:00) Riga ', 'Europe/Riga'),
    (69, '(GMT+02:00) Sofia ', 'Europe/Sofia'),
    (70, '(GMT+02:00) Tallinn ', 'Europe/Tallinn'),
    (71, '(GMT+02:00) Vilnius ', 'Europe/Vilnius'),
    (72, '(GMT+03:00) Baghdad ', 'Asia/Baghdad'),
    (73, '(GMT+03:00) Kuwait ', 'Asia/Kuwait'),
    (74, '(GMT+03:00) Minsk ', 'Europe/Minsk'),
    (75, '(GMT+03:00) Nairobi ', 'Africa/Nairobi'),
    (76, '(GMT+03:00) Riyadh ', 'Asia/Riyadh'),
    (77, '(GMT+03:00) Volgograd ', 'Europe/Volgograd'),
    (78, '(GMT+03:30) Tehran ', 'Asia/Tehran'),
    (79, '(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi ', 'Asia/Muscat'),
    (80, '(GMT+04:00) Baku ', 'Asia/Baku'),
    (81, '(GMT+04:00) Moscow ', 'Europe/Moscow'),
    (82, '(GMT+04:00) Muscat ', 'Asia/Muscat'),
    (83, '(GMT+04:00) St. Petersburg ', 'Europe/Moscow'),
    (84, '(GMT+04:00) Tbilisi ', 'Asia/Tbilisi'),
    (85, '(GMT+04:00) Yerevan ', 'Asia/Yerevan'),
    (86, '(GMT+04:30) Kabul ', 'Asia/Kabul'),
    (87, '(GMT+05:00) Islamabad ', 'Asia/Karachi'),
    (88, '(GMT+05:00) Karachi ', 'Asia/Karachi'),
    (89, '(GMT+05:00) Tashkent ', 'Asia/Tashkent'),
    (90, '(GMT+05:30) Chennai ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
    (91, '(GMT+05:30) Kolkata ', 'Asia/Kolkata'),
    (92, '(GMT+05:30) Mumbai ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
    (93, '(GMT+05:30) New Delhi ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
    (94, '(GMT+05:30) Sri Jayawardenepura ', 'Asia/Calcutta'),
    (95, '(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu ', 'Asia/Katmandu'),
    (96, '(GMT+06:00) Almaty ', 'Asia/Almaty'),
    (97, '(GMT+06:00) Astana ', 'Asia/Dhaka'),
    (98, '(GMT+06:00) Dhaka ', 'Asia/Dhaka'),
    (99, '(GMT+06:00) Ekaterinburg ', 'Asia/Yekaterinburg'),
    (100, '(GMT+06:30) Rangoon ', 'Asia/Rangoon'),
    (101, '(GMT+07:00) Bangkok ', 'Asia/Bangkok'),
    (102, '(GMT+07:00) Hanoi ', 'Asia/Bangkok'),
    (103, '(GMT+07:00) Jakarta ', 'Asia/Jakarta'),
    (104, '(GMT+07:00) Novosibirsk ', 'Asia/Novosibirsk'),
    (105, '(GMT+08:00) Beijing ', 'Asia/Hong_Kong'),
    (106, '(GMT+08:00) Chongqing ', 'Asia/Chongqing'),
    (107, '(GMT+08:00) Hong Kong ', 'Asia/Hong_Kong'),
    (108, '(GMT+08:00) Krasnoyarsk ', 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk'),
    (109, '(GMT+08:00) Kuala Lumpur ', 'Asia/Kuala_Lumpur'),
    (110, '(GMT+08:00) Perth ', 'Australia/Perth'),
    (111, '(GMT+08:00) Singapore ', 'Asia/Singapore'),
    (112, '(GMT+08:00) Taipei ', 'Asia/Taipei'),
    (113, '(GMT+08:00) Ulaan Bataar ', 'Asia/Ulan_Bator'),
    (114, '(GMT+08:00) Urumqi ', 'Asia/Urumqi'),
    (115, '(GMT+09:00) Irkutsk ', 'Asia/Irkutsk'),
    (116, '(GMT+09:00) Osaka ', 'Asia/Tokyo'),
    (117, '(GMT+09:00) Sapporo ', 'Asia/Tokyo'),
    (118, '(GMT+09:00) Seoul ', 'Asia/Seoul'),
    (119, '(GMT+09:00) Tokyo ', 'Asia/Tokyo'),
    (120, '(GMT+09:30) Adelaide ', 'Australia/Adelaide'),
    (121, '(GMT+09:30) Darwin ', 'Australia/Darwin'),
    (122, '(GMT+10:00) Brisbane ', 'Australia/Brisbane'),
    (123, '(GMT+10:00) Canberra ', 'Australia/Canberra'),
    (124, '(GMT+10:00) Guam ', 'Pacific/Guam'),
    (125, '(GMT+10:00) Hobart ', 'Australia/Hobart'),
    (126, '(GMT+10:00) Melbourne ', 'Australia/Melbourne'),
    (127, '(GMT+10:00) Port Moresby ', 'Pacific/Port_Moresby'),
    (128, '(GMT+10:00) Sydney ', 'Australia/Sydney'),
    (129, '(GMT+10:00) Yakutsk ', 'Asia/Yakutsk'),
    (130, '(GMT+11:00) Vladivostok ', 'Asia/Vladivostok'),
    (131, '(GMT+12:00) Auckland ', 'Pacific/Auckland'),
    (132, '(GMT+12:00) Fiji ', 'Pacific/Fiji'),
    (133, '(GMT+12:00) International Date Line West ', 'Pacific/Kwajalein'),
    (134, '(GMT+12:00) Kamchatka ', 'Asia/Kamchatka'),
    (135, '(GMT+12:00) Magadan ', 'Asia/Magadan'),
    (136, '(GMT+12:00) Marshall Is. ', 'Pacific/Fiji'),
    (137, '(GMT+12:00) New Caledonia ', 'Asia/Magadan'),
    (138, '(GMT+12:00) Solomon Is. ', 'Asia/Magadan'),
    (139, '(GMT+12:00) Wellington ', 'Pacific/Auckland'),
    (140, '(GMT+13:00) Nuku\\alofa ', 'Pacific/Tongatapu');
    
    /*!40101 SET CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;
    /*!40101 SET CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;
    /*!40101 SET COLLATION_CONNECTION=@OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION */;
    
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  • drecy22400 drecy22400 9年前

    You can create very easy a dropdown from this array (It was a time-consuming task to put this together and test it). We already use this list in some of our apps.

    It is very important to store timezone identifiers in your database and not just the timezone offset like "GMT+2", because of Daylight Saving Times.

    UPDATE

    I updated/corrected the timezones list (also checkout: https://github.com/paptamas/timezones):

    <?php
    $timezones = array (
    '(GMT-11:00) Midway Island' => 'Pacific/Midway',
    '(GMT-11:00) Samoa' => 'Pacific/Samoa',
    '(GMT-10:00) Hawaii' => 'Pacific/Honolulu',
    '(GMT-09:00) Alaska' => 'US/Alaska',
    '(GMT-08:00) Pacific Time (US &amp; Canada)' => 'America/Los_Angeles',
    '(GMT-08:00) Tijuana' => 'America/Tijuana',
    '(GMT-07:00) Arizona' => 'US/Arizona',
    '(GMT-07:00) Chihuahua' => 'America/Chihuahua',
    '(GMT-07:00) La Paz' => 'America/Chihuahua',
    '(GMT-07:00) Mazatlan' => 'America/Mazatlan',
    '(GMT-07:00) Mountain Time (US &amp; Canada)' => 'US/Mountain',
    '(GMT-06:00) Central America' => 'America/Managua',
    '(GMT-06:00) Central Time (US &amp; Canada)' => 'US/Central',
    '(GMT-06:00) Guadalajara' => 'America/Mexico_City',
    '(GMT-06:00) Mexico City' => 'America/Mexico_City',
    '(GMT-06:00) Monterrey' => 'America/Monterrey',
    '(GMT-06:00) Saskatchewan' => 'Canada/Saskatchewan',
    '(GMT-05:00) Bogota' => 'America/Bogota',
    '(GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US &amp; Canada)' => 'US/Eastern',
    '(GMT-05:00) Indiana (East)' => 'US/East-Indiana',
    '(GMT-05:00) Lima' => 'America/Lima',
    '(GMT-05:00) Quito' => 'America/Bogota',
    '(GMT-04:00) Atlantic Time (Canada)' => 'Canada/Atlantic',
    '(GMT-04:30) Caracas' => 'America/Caracas',
    '(GMT-04:00) La Paz' => 'America/La_Paz',
    '(GMT-04:00) Santiago' => 'America/Santiago',
    '(GMT-03:30) Newfoundland' => 'Canada/Newfoundland',
    '(GMT-03:00) Brasilia' => 'America/Sao_Paulo',
    '(GMT-03:00) Buenos Aires' => 'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires',
    '(GMT-03:00) Georgetown' => 'America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires',
    '(GMT-03:00) Greenland' => 'America/Godthab',
    '(GMT-02:00) Mid-Atlantic' => 'America/Noronha',
    '(GMT-01:00) Azores' => 'Atlantic/Azores',
    '(GMT-01:00) Cape Verde Is.' => 'Atlantic/Cape_Verde',
    '(GMT+00:00) Casablanca' => 'Africa/Casablanca',
    '(GMT+00:00) Edinburgh' => 'Europe/London',
    '(GMT+00:00) Greenwich Mean Time : Dublin' => 'Etc/Greenwich',
    '(GMT+00:00) Lisbon' => 'Europe/Lisbon',
    '(GMT+00:00) London' => 'Europe/London',
    '(GMT+00:00) Monrovia' => 'Africa/Monrovia',
    '(GMT+00:00) UTC' => 'UTC',
    '(GMT+01:00) Amsterdam' => 'Europe/Amsterdam',
    '(GMT+01:00) Belgrade' => 'Europe/Belgrade',
    '(GMT+01:00) Berlin' => 'Europe/Berlin',
    '(GMT+01:00) Bern' => 'Europe/Berlin',
    '(GMT+01:00) Bratislava' => 'Europe/Bratislava',
    '(GMT+01:00) Brussels' => 'Europe/Brussels',
    '(GMT+01:00) Budapest' => 'Europe/Budapest',
    '(GMT+01:00) Copenhagen' => 'Europe/Copenhagen',
    '(GMT+01:00) Ljubljana' => 'Europe/Ljubljana',
    '(GMT+01:00) Madrid' => 'Europe/Madrid',
    '(GMT+01:00) Paris' => 'Europe/Paris',
    '(GMT+01:00) Prague' => 'Europe/Prague',
    '(GMT+01:00) Rome' => 'Europe/Rome',
    '(GMT+01:00) Sarajevo' => 'Europe/Sarajevo',
    '(GMT+01:00) Skopje' => 'Europe/Skopje',
    '(GMT+01:00) Stockholm' => 'Europe/Stockholm',
    '(GMT+01:00) Vienna' => 'Europe/Vienna',
    '(GMT+01:00) Warsaw' => 'Europe/Warsaw',
    '(GMT+01:00) West Central Africa' => 'Africa/Lagos',
    '(GMT+01:00) Zagreb' => 'Europe/Zagreb',
    '(GMT+02:00) Athens' => 'Europe/Athens',
    '(GMT+02:00) Bucharest' => 'Europe/Bucharest',
    '(GMT+02:00) Cairo' => 'Africa/Cairo',
    '(GMT+02:00) Harare' => 'Africa/Harare',
    '(GMT+02:00) Helsinki' => 'Europe/Helsinki',
    '(GMT+02:00) Istanbul' => 'Europe/Istanbul',
    '(GMT+02:00) Jerusalem' => 'Asia/Jerusalem',
    '(GMT+02:00) Kyiv' => 'Europe/Helsinki',
    '(GMT+02:00) Pretoria' => 'Africa/Johannesburg',
    '(GMT+02:00) Riga' => 'Europe/Riga',
    '(GMT+02:00) Sofia' => 'Europe/Sofia',
    '(GMT+02:00) Tallinn' => 'Europe/Tallinn',
    '(GMT+02:00) Vilnius' => 'Europe/Vilnius',
    '(GMT+03:00) Baghdad' => 'Asia/Baghdad',
    '(GMT+03:00) Kuwait' => 'Asia/Kuwait',
    '(GMT+03:00) Minsk' => 'Europe/Minsk',
    '(GMT+03:00) Nairobi' => 'Africa/Nairobi',
    '(GMT+03:00) Riyadh' => 'Asia/Riyadh',
    '(GMT+03:00) Volgograd' => 'Europe/Volgograd',
    '(GMT+03:30) Tehran' => 'Asia/Tehran',
    '(GMT+04:00) Abu Dhabi' => 'Asia/Muscat',
    '(GMT+04:00) Baku' => 'Asia/Baku',
    '(GMT+04:00) Moscow' => 'Europe/Moscow',
    '(GMT+04:00) Muscat' => 'Asia/Muscat',
    '(GMT+04:00) St. Petersburg' => 'Europe/Moscow',
    '(GMT+04:00) Tbilisi' => 'Asia/Tbilisi',
    '(GMT+04:00) Yerevan' => 'Asia/Yerevan',
    '(GMT+04:30) Kabul' => 'Asia/Kabul',
    '(GMT+05:00) Islamabad' => 'Asia/Karachi',
    '(GMT+05:00) Karachi' => 'Asia/Karachi',
    '(GMT+05:00) Tashkent' => 'Asia/Tashkent',
    '(GMT+05:30) Chennai' => 'Asia/Calcutta',
    '(GMT+05:30) Kolkata' => 'Asia/Kolkata',
    '(GMT+05:30) Mumbai' => 'Asia/Calcutta',
    '(GMT+05:30) New Delhi' => 'Asia/Calcutta',
    '(GMT+05:30) Sri Jayawardenepura' => 'Asia/Calcutta',
    '(GMT+05:45) Kathmandu' => 'Asia/Katmandu',
    '(GMT+06:00) Almaty' => 'Asia/Almaty',
    '(GMT+06:00) Astana' => 'Asia/Dhaka',
    '(GMT+06:00) Dhaka' => 'Asia/Dhaka',
    '(GMT+06:00) Ekaterinburg' => 'Asia/Yekaterinburg',
    '(GMT+06:30) Rangoon' => 'Asia/Rangoon',
    '(GMT+07:00) Bangkok' => 'Asia/Bangkok',
    '(GMT+07:00) Hanoi' => 'Asia/Bangkok',
    '(GMT+07:00) Jakarta' => 'Asia/Jakarta',
    '(GMT+07:00) Novosibirsk' => 'Asia/Novosibirsk',
    '(GMT+08:00) Beijing' => 'Asia/Hong_Kong',
    '(GMT+08:00) Chongqing' => 'Asia/Chongqing',
    '(GMT+08:00) Hong Kong' => 'Asia/Hong_Kong',
    '(GMT+08:00) Krasnoyarsk' => 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk',
    '(GMT+08:00) Kuala Lumpur' => 'Asia/Kuala_Lumpur',
    '(GMT+08:00) Perth' => 'Australia/Perth',
    '(GMT+08:00) Singapore' => 'Asia/Singapore',
    '(GMT+08:00) Taipei' => 'Asia/Taipei',
    '(GMT+08:00) Ulaan Bataar' => 'Asia/Ulan_Bator',
    '(GMT+08:00) Urumqi' => 'Asia/Urumqi',
    '(GMT+09:00) Irkutsk' => 'Asia/Irkutsk',
    '(GMT+09:00) Osaka' => 'Asia/Tokyo',
    '(GMT+09:00) Sapporo' => 'Asia/Tokyo',
    '(GMT+09:00) Seoul' => 'Asia/Seoul',
    '(GMT+09:00) Tokyo' => 'Asia/Tokyo',
    '(GMT+09:30) Adelaide' => 'Australia/Adelaide',
    '(GMT+09:30) Darwin' => 'Australia/Darwin',
    '(GMT+10:00) Brisbane' => 'Australia/Brisbane',
    '(GMT+10:00) Canberra' => 'Australia/Canberra',
    '(GMT+10:00) Guam' => 'Pacific/Guam',
    '(GMT+10:00) Hobart' => 'Australia/Hobart',
    '(GMT+10:00) Melbourne' => 'Australia/Melbourne',
    '(GMT+10:00) Port Moresby' => 'Pacific/Port_Moresby',
    '(GMT+10:00) Sydney' => 'Australia/Sydney',
    '(GMT+10:00) Yakutsk' => 'Asia/Yakutsk',
    '(GMT+11:00) Vladivostok' => 'Asia/Vladivostok',
    '(GMT+12:00) Auckland' => 'Pacific/Auckland',
    '(GMT+12:00) Fiji' => 'Pacific/Fiji',
    '(GMT+12:00) International Date Line West' => 'Pacific/Kwajalein',
    '(GMT+12:00) Kamchatka' => 'Asia/Kamchatka',
    '(GMT+12:00) Magadan' => 'Asia/Magadan',
    '(GMT+12:00) Marshall Is.' => 'Pacific/Fiji',
    '(GMT+12:00) New Caledonia' => 'Asia/Magadan',
    '(GMT+12:00) Solomon Is.' => 'Asia/Magadan',
    '(GMT+12:00) Wellington' => 'Pacific/Auckland',
    '(GMT+13:00) Nuku\'alofa' => 'Pacific/Tongatapu'
    );
    ?>   
    
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  • dovzrfr0506 dovzrfr0506 11年前

    I would do it with the following code which is similar to the accepted answer (I'm aware the code could be refactored :) ):

        $list = DateTimeZone::listAbbreviations();
        $idents = DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers();
    
        $data = $offset = $added = array();
        foreach ($list as $abbr => $info) {
            foreach ($info as $zone) {
                if ( ! empty($zone['timezone_id'])
                    AND
                    ! in_array($zone['timezone_id'], $added)
                    AND 
                      in_array($zone['timezone_id'], $idents)) {
                    $z = new DateTimeZone($zone['timezone_id']);
                    $c = new DateTime(null, $z);
                    $zone['time'] = $c->format('H:i a');
                    $offset[] = $zone['offset'] = $z->getOffset($c);
                    $data[] = $zone;
                    $added[] = $zone['timezone_id'];
                }
            }
        }
    
        array_multisort($offset, SORT_ASC, $data);
        $options = array();
        foreach ($data as $key => $row) {
            $options[$row['timezone_id']] = $row['time'] . ' - '
                                            . formatOffset($row['offset']) 
                                            . ' ' . $row['timezone_id'];
        }
    
        // now you can use $options;
    
    function formatOffset($offset) {
            $hours = $offset / 3600;
            $remainder = $offset % 3600;
            $sign = $hours > 0 ? '+' : '-';
            $hour = (int) abs($hours);
            $minutes = (int) abs($remainder / 60);
    
            if ($hour == 0 AND $minutes == 0) {
                $sign = ' ';
            }
            return 'GMT' . $sign . str_pad($hour, 2, '0', STR_PAD_LEFT) 
                    .':'. str_pad($minutes,2, '0');
    
    }
    

    It produces something like:

    <option value="America/Boise" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Boise">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Boise</option>
    
    <option value="America/Denver" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Denver">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Denver</option>
    <option value="America/Edmonton" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Edmonton">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Edmonton</option>
    <option value="America/Inuvik" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Inuvik">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Inuvik</option>
    <option value="America/Shiprock" label="02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Shiprock">02:10 am - GMT-06:00 America/Shiprock</option>
    
    <option value="America/Belize" label="02:10 am - GMT-05:00 America/Belize">02:10 am - GMT-05:00 America/Belize</option>
    

    Hope that helps a bit and/or inspire you to come with something better.

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  • dongli5785 dongli5785 7年前

    Despite the number of existing answers, I've made yet another solution to this problem. The pro's of my implementation are:

    • The list of timezones is generated dynamically, and thus automatically updates when timezones might change (in PHP).
    • Timezone names are prettified. For example, "America/St_Barthelemy" becomes "America, St. Barthelemy".
    • Timezones are sorted on offset and name. Toland's answer only sorts on offset, resulting in unsorted groups of timezones within the same offset.
    • Offset information is not retrieved from DateTimeZone::listAbbreviations, since that method also returns historical timezone information. Favio's answer does use this method, which results in incorrect (historical) offsets
    • The list of timezones is only generated when first requested (and 'cached' using a static variable).

    Here is the full code:

    function timezone_list() {
        static $timezones = null;
    
        if ($timezones === null) {
            $timezones = [];
            $offsets = [];
            $now = new DateTime('now', new DateTimeZone('UTC'));
    
            foreach (DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers() as $timezone) {
                $now->setTimezone(new DateTimeZone($timezone));
                $offsets[] = $offset = $now->getOffset();
                $timezones[$timezone] = '(' . format_GMT_offset($offset) . ') ' . format_timezone_name($timezone);
            }
    
            array_multisort($offsets, $timezones);
        }
    
        return $timezones;
    }
    
    function format_GMT_offset($offset) {
        $hours = intval($offset / 3600);
        $minutes = abs(intval($offset % 3600 / 60));
        return 'GMT' . ($offset ? sprintf('%+03d:%02d', $hours, $minutes) : '');
    }
    
    function format_timezone_name($name) {
        $name = str_replace('/', ', ', $name);
        $name = str_replace('_', ' ', $name);
        $name = str_replace('St ', 'St. ', $name);
        return $name;
    }
    

    And here's an example of the output

    Array
    (
        [Pacific/Midway]    => (GMT-11:00) Pacific, Midway
        [Pacific/Niue]      => (GMT-11:00) Pacific, Niue
        [Pacific/Pago_Pago] => (GMT-11:00) Pacific, Pago Pago
        [America/Adak]      => (GMT-10:00) America, Adak
        [Pacific/Honolulu]  => (GMT-10:00) Pacific, Honolulu
        [Pacific/Johnston]  => (GMT-10:00) Pacific, Johnston
        [Pacific/Rarotonga] => (GMT-10:00) Pacific, Rarotonga
        [Pacific/Tahiti]    => (GMT-10:00) Pacific, Tahiti
        [Pacific/Marquesas] => (GMT-09:30) Pacific, Marquesas
        [America/Anchorage] => (GMT-09:00) America, Anchorage
        ...
    )
    
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  • dongtao4787 dongtao4787 8年前

    Following user210179's example above, I've written the following function to generate me a list of all timezones with their offsets:

    function generate_timezone_list()
    {
        static $regions = array(
            DateTimeZone::AFRICA,
            DateTimeZone::AMERICA,
            DateTimeZone::ANTARCTICA,
            DateTimeZone::ASIA,
            DateTimeZone::ATLANTIC,
            DateTimeZone::AUSTRALIA,
            DateTimeZone::EUROPE,
            DateTimeZone::INDIAN,
            DateTimeZone::PACIFIC,
        );
    
        $timezones = array();
        foreach( $regions as $region )
        {
            $timezones = array_merge( $timezones, DateTimeZone::listIdentifiers( $region ) );
        }
    
        $timezone_offsets = array();
        foreach( $timezones as $timezone )
        {
            $tz = new DateTimeZone($timezone);
            $timezone_offsets[$timezone] = $tz->getOffset(new DateTime);
        }
    
        // sort timezone by offset
        asort($timezone_offsets);
    
        $timezone_list = array();
        foreach( $timezone_offsets as $timezone => $offset )
        {
            $offset_prefix = $offset < 0 ? '-' : '+';
            $offset_formatted = gmdate( 'H:i', abs($offset) );
    
            $pretty_offset = "UTC${offset_prefix}${offset_formatted}";
    
            $timezone_list[$timezone] = "(${pretty_offset}) $timezone";
        }
    
        return $timezone_list;
    }
    

    This will generate an array looking like:

    [Pacific/Midway] => (UTC-11:00) Pacific/Midway
    [Pacific/Pago_Pago] => (UTC-11:00) Pacific/Pago_Pago
    [Pacific/Niue] => (UTC-11:00) Pacific/Niue
    [Pacific/Honolulu] => (UTC-10:00) Pacific/Honolulu
    [Pacific/Fakaofo] => (UTC-10:00) Pacific/Fakaofo
    …
    

    It's currently sorted by offsets, but you can easily sort by the timezone name by doing a ksort() instead of asort().

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