dongliming2416
dongliming2416
2015-03-31 21:46

Golang JSON / HTTP请求,例如curl

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I am looking for a quick tutorial on how to perform requests with Golang that emulate those one would use with curl. I have two APIs that I want to communicate with that both essentially work the same way. One is ElasticSearch, the other is Phillips Hue. I know that both of these have libraries in Go. That's not what I'm after, I'm trying to learn how to do this:

$ curl -XGET 'http://localhost:9200/twitter/tweet/_search' -d '{
"query" : {
    "term" : { "user" : "kimchy" }
} }'

With Golang. Everything I can find people seem to be hard coding to

http://url:port/api/_function?something=value?anotherthing=value...

But I already have JSON objects floating around in the software. Is there a way that I can emulate the -d feature of CURL with a JSON string or struct or something similar?

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1条回答

  • douxian3170 douxian3170 6年前

    As commenter @JimB pointed out, doing a GET request with a body is not disallowed by the HTTP/1.1 specification; however, it is also not required that servers actually parse the body, so do not be surprised if you encounter strange behavior.

    That said, here is how you would perform a GET request with a body using a golang HTTP client:

    reader := strings.NewReader(`{"body":123}`)
    request, err := http.NewRequest("GET", "http://localhost:3030/foo", reader)
    // TODO: check err
    client := &http.Client{}
    resp, err := client.Do(request)
    // TODO: check err
    

    The web server will see a request like this:

    GET /foo HTTP/1.1
    Host: localhost:3030
    User-Agent: Go 1.1 package http
    Content-Length: 12
    Accept-Encoding: gzip
    
    {"body":123}
    

    To build a command-line tool like "curl" you will need to use a number of go packages (e.g. for flag parsing and HTTP request handling) but presumably you can find what you need from the (excellent) docs.

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