2017-12-08 12:18

为什么用CGO_ENABLED = 0编译慢?

  • cgo
  • compilation

When writing programs which utilize network, you can see quite noticeable slowdown of compilation with CGO_ENABLED=0.

For example, the simplest HTTP server:

package main

import (

func handler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    fmt.Fprintf(w, "Hi! glad you requested %s.
", r.URL.Path[1:])

func main() {
    port := flag.Int("port", 9000, "")

    http.HandleFunc("/", handler)
    err := http.ListenAndServe(fmt.Sprintf(":%d", *port), nil)
    if err != nil {

the timings are:

% time go build
go build  0.46s user 0.06s system 131% cpu 0.396 total
% time CGO_ENABLED=0 go build
CGO_ENABLED=0 go build  3.93s user 0.15s system 143% cpu 2.849 total

So far I'm not using bindings to C so CGo handling or not seems irrelevant, what I'd like to do is to compile 100% static binary, but not if there's such slowdown.

What is the cause of such behavior?

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  • dongzhang8680 dongzhang8680 4年前

    The problem is that the standard library packages are built without flags. CGO_ENABLED changes build flags and therefore it can't use the pre-built packages so most of the standard library needs to be rebuilt.

    As the other answer mentioned, go build -i will install the packages built with the new flags, but that won't really solve much because if you install packages built with CGO_ENABLED=0, it will speed up all future builds with CGO_ENABLED=0, but it will slow down all the builds without it.

    Unfortunately the way pre-built packages are installed by default today is pretty inefficient because everything goes into the same directory under the same names regardless of how it's built. If you want to be able to have fast builds of go programs with different flags, besides doing go build -i you also need to use the the -installsuffix and/or the -pkgdir flags. In the system I work in, we have a handful of different compilation modes, each mode has different flags (because of a lot of old C code we interface with) and each mode also has its own -pkgdir.

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  • dtd58256 dtd58256 4年前

    This is the time spent re-building dependencies. Go build by default does not save rebuilt dependencies. See the -i flag: The -i flag installs the packages that are dependencies of the target.

    Let's try your program with -i instead:

    $ time go build -i . 
    real    0m0.337s
    user    0m0.343s
    sys 0m0.121s
    $ time CGO_ENABLED=0 go build -i .    
    real    0m2.135s
    user    0m3.098s
    sys 0m0.196s
    $ time CGO_ENABLED=0 go build .
    real    0m0.329s
    user    0m0.367s
    sys 0m0.085s
    $ time go build .    
    real    0m2.588s
    user    0m3.393s
    sys 0m0.300s

    The first time you switch cgo mode, it needs to rebuild dependencies. If you specify -i, it will save them and the second build call will be much faster.

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