dongwanqiang_2017 2018-04-06 05:37
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GO中的XML解组

I have the following XML

<a>
    <client client_id="6881937" clt_code="0" clt_date="" sms_block="N" active_serv="N" phone="77777645521" threshold_amount="1" clt_charge="" clt_charge_id="" > </client> 
    <card> 
        <a card_num="KZ5392...6449" card_id="66783573" crd_code="0" crd_date="" />
        <a card_num="552204...9124" card_id="66783574" crd_code="0" crd_date="" />
        <a card_num="KZ7392...4128" card_id="14335135" crd_code="0" crd_date="" />
        <a card_num="440564...7683" card_id="14335136" crd_code="0" crd_date="" />
     </card>
</a>

Now, I would unmarshal it into the golang struct such as:

type OwCheckClient struct {
    XMLName xml.Name `xml:"a"`
    Client client `xml:"client"`
    Cards cards `xml:"card"`
}

type client struct {
    client_id string  `xml:"client_id,attr"`
    clt_code string `xml:"clt_code,attr"`
    sms_block string `xml:"sms_block,attr"`
    active_serv string `xml:"active_serv,attr"`
    phone string `xml:"phone,attr"`
    threshold_amount string `xml:"threshold_amount,attr"`
    clt_charge string `xml:"clt_charge,attr"`
    clt_charge_id string `xml:"clt_charge_id,attr"`
}

type cards struct {
    Card []card `xml:"a"`
}

type card struct {
    card_num string `xml:"card_num,attr"`
    card_id string `xml:"card_id,attr"`
    crd_code string `xml:"crd_code,attr"`
}

XML parser detects true amount of tags,for instance, "a" in "card". But it doesn't detect values of these attributes. That is Printf output below after xml.Unmarshal:

 v = &models.OwCheckClient{XMLName:xml.Name{Space:"", Local:"a"}, Client:models.client{client_id:"", clt_code:"", sms_block:"", active_serv:"", phone:"", threshold_amount:"", clt_charge:"", clt_charge_id:""}, Cards:models.cards{Card:[]models.card{models.card{card_num:"", card_id:"", crd_code:""}, models.card{card_num:"", card_id:"", crd_code:""}, models.card{card_num:"", card_id:"", crd_code:""}, models.card{card_num:"", card_id:"", crd_code:""}}}}

What's wrong?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dt2002 2018-04-06 06:31
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    The fields in the client and card structs are private (have lowercase names), so the XML unmarshaler can't write to them. Change the names to start with an uppercase letter and they will work.

    Also, unrelated, but you don't need the cards struct just to get one tag deeper. If there's nothing else you need at that layer, you can put

    Cards []card `xml:"card>a"`
    

    into your OwCheckClient struct and delete the cards struct and it will deserialize properly.

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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