dongshi1188 2018-07-18 13:38
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如果len不改变,为什么数组/切片的指针在Go中改变?

I made a program to learn more about arrays and slices, in this example I just change the value of a fix position. When I look to the pointer address it changed after each change. Why this happen?

Source:

func main() {
    tstSlice2()

}

func tstSlice2() {
    var meuSlice = make([]int, 1, 2)
    meuSlice[0] = 1
    printSlice(meuSlice, "meuSlice")
    meuSlice[0] = 2
    printSlice(meuSlice, "meuSlice")
    meuSlice[0] = 3
    printSlice(meuSlice, "meuSlice")
}

func printSlice(meuSlice []int, sliceName string) {
    fmt.Printf("%v> %v - %v - %v - %p 
", sliceName, len(meuSlice), cap(meuSlice), meuSlice, &meuSlice)
}

Output:

▶ go run .\src\array_e_slices\slice.go    
meuSlice> 1 - 2 - [1] - 0xc0420503e0  
meuSlice> 1 - 2 - [2] - 0xc042050440  
meuSlice> 1 - 2 - [3] - 0xc042050480 
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3条回答 默认 最新

  • dongxing2030 2018-07-18 13:55
    关注

    What you are passing in printSlice function is not a slice but a slice header, that is describing the underlying array. When you pass a slice to a function, a copy of the header is made, since in go elements are always passed by value.

    In a function call, the function value and arguments are evaluated in the usual order. After they are evaluated, the parameters of the call are passed by value to the function and the called function begins execution. The return parameters of the function are passed by value back to the calling function when the function returns.

    If you want to inspect what's inside of this header, check reflect.SliceHeader type.

    An example of the code:

    package main
    
    import (
        "fmt"
        "reflect"
        "unsafe"
    )
    
    func main() {
        tstSlice2()
    
    }
    
    func tstSlice2() {
        var meuSlice = make([]int, 1, 2)
        meuSlice[0] = 1
        printSlice(meuSlice, "meuSlice")
        meuSlice[0] = 2
        printSlice(meuSlice, "meuSlice")
        meuSlice[0] = 3
        printSlice(meuSlice, "meuSlice")
    }
    
    func printSlice(meuSlice []int, sliceName string) {
        hdr := (*reflect.SliceHeader)(unsafe.Pointer(&meuSlice))
        fmt.Printf("%v> %v - %v - %v - %p - array: %v
    ", sliceName, len(meuSlice), cap(meuSlice), meuSlice, &meuSlice, hdr.Data)
    
    }
    

    Output:

    meuSlice> 1 - 2 - [1] - 0xc42000a060 - array: 842350559504
    meuSlice> 1 - 2 - [2] - 0xc42000a0a0 - array: 842350559504
    meuSlice> 1 - 2 - [3] - 0xc42000a0e0 - array: 842350559504
    

    Go playground: https://play.golang.org/p/x2OoIHgU9St

    You can find more information in the blog post Go Slices: usage and internals (especially Slice internals section)

    A slice is a descriptor of an array segment. It consists of a pointer to the array, the length of the segment, and its capacity (the maximum length of the segment).

    Slice

    What you are passing to your function is a value of this struct, not the underlying array itself. To do that, you'd need to use *[]int argument, as mentioned in other answers.

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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