doudou3213
2019-06-19 18:31 阅读 69
已采纳

运行JSON Encode时是否可以排除已经为JSON的字段?

I am constructing a reply on a restAPI and using json.NewEncoder.Encode() to generate the JSON reply ( note : w is responsewriter).

u := Reply{Id: id, Status: "progress", Message: ""}
json.NewEncoder(w).Encode(u)

This works fine.

But I then have the other situation where Message will be populated with a string that is already in JSON format:

RetMessage := "{"debug": "on", "window": { "width": 500, "height": 500}}"
u := Reply{Id: id, Status: "progress", Message: RetMessage}
json.NewEncoder(w).Encode(u)

Then the reply will be the JSON with escaped quotations etc, which makes sense of course as it parses it as strings to JSON, but it of course breaks the concept as I would like the RetMessage to be passed on as it is, where the others I would like to be encoded to JSON.

Is there any way I can get around this in a smart way? The content in RetMessage is coming from a file so I can't change that the RetMessage sometimes do come as JSON encoded already.

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • 已采纳
    duanchen7036 duanchen7036 2019-06-19 19:17

    If Message is a complete, valid, JSON object, you can accomplish what you want by converting it to type json.RawMessage:

    type ReplyWithJSON struct {
        Id      int
        Status  string
        Message json.RawMessage
    }
    
    u := ReplyWithJSON{Id: id, Status: "progress", Message: json.RawMessage(RetMessage)}
    json.NewEncoder(w).Encode(u)
    

    This should generate the following output:

    {"Id":123,"Status":"progress","Message":{"debug":"on","window":{"width":500,"height":500}}}

    See it in action on the playground.

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  • douqianxian7008 douqianxian7008 2019-06-19 19:12

    Since there isnt any smart way of doing it ( and maybe also overkill to try to seek a smart way ) i just changed it to :

    fmt.Fprintf(w, "{\"Id\":\"%s\",\"Status\":\"%s\",\"Message\":%s}", reply.Id, reply.Status, reply.Message)
    
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