doueta6642
doueta6642
采纳率0%
2017-11-19 21:10

Go中的AES-GCM + Base64后无法解密

Situation

I'm trying to implement a structure (the CryptoService) hiding en/decryption from the main program flow. I have implemented "normal" functions and base64 variants that should encode the cipher to it's base64 equivalent and visa-versa in decryption. This is done because our internal network protocol uses line-feed as delimiter.

See code of implementation below

Problem

After writing the code below i started testing it. At first it went well and en- and decryption worked but soon I started noticing "randomly occurring" errors during the decryption process: cipher: message authentication failed. Now the important fact: the errors ONLY returned from the DecryptBase64 func. But the base64 usage in go is pretty straight-forward and not much to worry about so I don't have any idea where the problems lies.

Code

Below you see the code for my CryptoService implementation and the associated test file. I have tried to clean the code up as much as possible (remove comments, additional input checks, etc.) without removing context. Nevertheless it's much code so thanks to all that read it - really appreciate your help!

cryptoservice.go

type CryptoService struct {
    gcm cipher.AEAD
}

func NewCryptoService(key []byte) (cs *CryptoService, err error) {
    block, err := aes.NewCipher(key)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }
    gcm, err := cipher.NewGCM(block)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }
    return &CryptoService{
        gcm: gcm,
    }, nil
}

func (cs CryptoService) Encrypt(plain []byte) (cipher []byte, err error) {
    nonce := make([]byte, cs.gcm.NonceSize())
    _, err = io.ReadFull(rand.Reader, nonce)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }

    cipher = cs.gcm.Seal(nil, nonce, plain, nil)
    cipher = append(nonce, cipher...)

    return cipher, nil
}

func (cs CryptoService) EncryptBase64(plain []byte) (base64Cipher []byte, err error) {
    cipher, err := cs.Encrypt(plain)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }

    base64Cipher = make([]byte, base64.StdEncoding.EncodedLen(len(cipher)))
    base64.StdEncoding.Encode(base64Cipher, cipher)

    return
}

func (cs CryptoService) Decrypt(cipher []byte) (plain []byte, err error) {
    nonce := cipher[0:cs.gcm.NonceSize()]
    ciphertext := cipher[cs.gcm.NonceSize():]

    plain, err = cs.gcm.Open(nil, nonce, ciphertext, nil)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }

    return
}

func (cs CryptoService) DecryptBase64(base64Cipher []byte) (plain []byte, err error) {
    cipher := make([]byte, base64.StdEncoding.DecodedLen(len(base64Cipher)))
    _, err = base64.StdEncoding.Decode(cipher, base64Cipher)
    if err != nil {
        return nil, err
    }

    return cs.Decrypt(cipher)
}

cryptoservice_test.go

  • TestCryptoService_EncryptDecryptRoundtrip works fine
  • TestCryptoService_EncryptBase64DecryptBase64Roundtrip fails "sometimes" (also note that it doesn't always fail on the same test-cases)

Additional info: The FastRandomString(n int) func in the Dynamic-Test-Case creation is effectively only a copy-and-past from the accepted answer at: How to generate a random string of a fixed length in golang?

func TestCryptoService_EncryptDecryptRoundtrip(t *testing.T) {
    tests := []struct {
        name   string
        aeskey string
        text   string
    }{
        {"Simple 1", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", "Text"},
        {"Simple 2", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", "Some random content"},
        {"Simple 3", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua. At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua."},

        {"Dynamic 1", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(32)},
        {"Dynamic 2", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(1024)},
        {"Dynamic 3", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(1024 * 64)},
        {"Dynamic 4", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(1024 * 256)},
    }
    for _, tt := range tests {
        t.Run(tt.name, func(t *testing.T) {
            for i := 0; i < 1000; i++ {
                key, _ := hex.DecodeString(tt.aeskey)
                cs, _ := NewCryptoService(key)
                cipher, err := cs.Encrypt([]byte(tt.text))
                if err != nil {
                    t.Errorf("CryptoService.Encrypt() error = %v", err)
                    return
                }

                plain, err := cs.Decrypt(cipher)
                if err != nil {
                    t.Errorf("CryptoService.Decrypt() error = %v", err)
                    return
                }

                plainStr := string(plain)
                if plainStr != tt.text {
                    t.Errorf("CryptoService.Decrypt() plain = %v, want = %v", plainStr, tt.text)
                    return
                }
            }
        })
    }
}

func TestCryptoService_EncryptBase64DecryptBase64Roundtrip(t *testing.T) {
    tests := []struct {
        name   string
        aeskey string
        text   string
    }{
        {"Simple 1", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", "Text"},
        {"Simple 2", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", "Some random content"},
        {"Simple 3", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua. At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua."},

        {"Dynamic 1", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(32)},
        {"Dynamic 2", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(1024)},
        {"Dynamic 3", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(1024 * 64)},
        {"Dynamic 4", "c4cc0dfc4ae0e45c045727f84ffd373127453bc232230bf1386972ac692436c1", FastRandomString(1024 * 256)},
    }
    for _, tt := range tests {
        t.Run(tt.name, func(t *testing.T) {
            for i := 0; i < 1000; i++ {
                key, _ := hex.DecodeString(tt.aeskey)
                cs, _ := NewCryptoService(key)
                cipher, err := cs.EncryptBase64([]byte(tt.text))
                if err != nil {
                    t.Errorf("CryptoService.EncryptBase64() error = %v", err)
                    return
                }

                plain, err := cs.DecryptBase64(cipher)
                if err != nil {
                    t.Errorf("CryptoService.DecryptBase64() error = %v", err)
                    return
                }

                plainStr := string(plain)
                if plainStr != tt.text {
                    t.Errorf("CryptoService.DecryptBase64() plain = %v, want = %v", plainStr, tt.text)
                    return
                }
            }
        })
    }
}
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1条回答

  • douji4948 douji4948 4年前

    Someone from the GopherSlack community came up with the solution:

    StdEncoding pads it's results which in this case caused decryption problems when (during the encryption process) padding the output was necessary. Therefore you should use RawStdEncoding in this example.

    Thanks for the help! :)

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