2018-01-30 17:34 阅读 81

cgo godefs和Objective-C

I write a program on GoLang with inclusion Objective-C code (call some OSX API) via C GoLang's package and I need to pass variable of type T from Go code to Objective-C code and vice versa. T is structure (or other type). So I need to create compatible (in terms of memory layout) type/variable in GoLang and pass it to Objective-C via unsafe.Pointer casting. For generic C code I use godefs in such cases, but I unable to use godefs for Objective-C. If I try go tool cgo -godefs cgodefs.go

// This is "cgodefs.go" file
package tmp

#cgo CFLAGS: -x objective-c
#cgo LDFLAGS: -framework Cocoa
#import <Cocoa/Cocoa.h>
import "C"

type CGPoint C.CGPoint

I receive tons of errors:

In file included from /Users/unsacrificed/go/src/gui/cgodefs.go:10:
In file included from /System/Library/Frameworks/Cocoa.framework/Headers/Cocoa.h:12:
In file included from /System/Library/Frameworks/Foundation.framework/Headers/Foundation.h:8:
/System/Library/Frameworks/Foundation.framework/Headers/NSObjCRuntime.h:503:1: error: expected identifier or '('
@class NSString, Protocol;
/System/Library/Frameworks/Foundation.framework/Headers/NSObjCRuntime.h:505:9: error: unknown type name 'NSString'
typedef NSString * NSExceptionName NS_EXTENSIBLE_STRING_ENUM;
/System/Library/Frameworks/Foundation.framework/Headers/NSObjCRuntime.h:506:9: error: unknown type name 'NSString'
... (100000+ lines of errors)

Interested thing is that I can compile and run GoLang apps with Objective-C via C GoLang's package.

I report to GoLang but he says that

The cgo tool works with C, not Objective-C.

Is there any way to get GoLang equivalent (memory compatible) type for Objective-C type?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • 已采纳
    dongtang1966 dongtang1966 2018-03-11 13:12

    Finally I found a solution. It is possible to do what I want. The only thing I missed: godefs ignores #cgo CFLAGS: -x objective-c line. Solution - pass required CFLAGS to go binary as arguments (-- -x objective-c). Working example:

    // +build ignore
    package tmp
    //go:generate go tool cgo -godefs -- -x objective-c cgodefs.go
    //#import <Cocoa/Cocoa.h>
    import "C"
    type CGPoint C.CGPoint


    // Created by cgo -godefs - DO NOT EDIT
    // cgo -godefs -- -x objective-c cgodefs.go
    package tmp
    type CGPoint struct {
        X   float64
        Y   float64
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