2015-08-25 01:34

# 在c中怎样用qsort对结构体数组进行多级排序？

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#### 2条回答默认 最新

• qq1223386926 2015-08-26 14:44
已采纳
``````#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

struct st_test
{
int cat;
char caTrain[ 100 ];
double plane;
float  tree;
};

int cmp( const void *arg1, const void *arg2 );

int
main( void )
{
int i = 0;
struct st_test stArr[] = {
{ 2, "defghi", 5.2, 6.7 },
{ 2, "aefghi", 5.0, 6.9 },
{ 1, "aefghi", 5.1, 6.0 },
{ 1, "aefghi", 5.9, 5.0 },
{ 3, "elflfg", 9.0, 2.0 },
{ 3, "elflfg", 9.0, 1.0 }
};

qsort( stArr, 6, sizeof( struct st_test ), cmp );

for( i = 0; i < 6; i++ )
{
printf( "%2d %8s %3.1lf %3.1f\n", stArr[ i ].cat, stArr[ i ].caTrain,
stArr[ i ].plane, stArr[ i ].tree );
}
return 0;
}

int
cmp( const void *arg1, const void *arg2 )
{
static const double DSTDZERO = 0.0000001;
static const float  FSTDZERO = 0.0000001;
struct st_test *stArg1 = ( struct st_test * )arg1;
struct st_test *stArg2 = ( struct st_test * )arg2;

if( stArg1->cat != stArg2->cat )
return  stArg1->cat > stArg2->cat ? 1 : -1;
else if( strcmp( stArg1->caTrain, stArg2->caTrain ) != 0 )
return -strcmp( stArg1->caTrain, stArg2->caTrain );
else if( !( ( stArg1->plane - stArg2->plane >= -DSTDZERO ) && ( stArg1->plane - stArg2->plane <= DSTDZERO ) ) )
{
if( stArg1->plane - stArg2->plane < -DSTDZERO )
return 1;

if( stArg1->plane - stArg2->plane > DSTDZERO )
return -1;
}
else if( !( ( stArg1->tree - stArg2->tree >= -FSTDZERO ) && ( stArg1->tree - stArg2->tree <= FSTDZERO ) ) )
{
if( stArg1->tree - stArg2->tree < -FSTDZERO )
return -1;

if( stArg1->tree - stArg2->tree > FSTDZERO )
return 1;
}

return 0;
}