springmvc和shiro整合时出错 10C

新手在学习springmvc整合shiro,但是搞了好久都没解决这个问题,特地上来问一下。
报错的具体内容:

Exception sending context initialized event to listener instance of class org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener
org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'shiroFilter' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'securityManager' while setting bean property 'securityManager'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'securityManager' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'jdbcRealm' while setting bean property 'realm'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'jdbcRealm' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Could not instantiate bean class [com.workpanorama.handlers.ShiroRealm]: Constructor threw exception; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'shiroFilter' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'securityManager' while setting bean property 'securityManager'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'securityManager' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Cannot resolve reference to bean 'cacheManager' while setting bean property 'cacheManager'; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'cacheManager' defined in class path resource [applicationContext.xml]: Initialization of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.FatalBeanException: Error initializing bean [cacheManager]; nested exception is org.apache.shiro.cache.CacheException: net.sf.ehcache.CacheException: Another unnamed CacheManager already exists in the same VM. Please provide unique names for each CacheManager in the config or do one of following:
1. Use one of the CacheManager.create() static factory methods to reuse same CacheManager with same name or create one if necessary
2. Shutdown the earlier cacheManager before creating new one with same name.

7个回答

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
    id="WebApp_ID" version="3.1">

    <!-- spring配置 -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

        <!-- 解决乱码问题 -->
    <!-- forceEncoding默认为false,此时效果可大致理解为request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8") -->
    <!-- forceEncoding=true后,可大致理解为request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8")和response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8") -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <!-- shiro过滤器-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>targetFilterLifecycle</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
        <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
     <!-- 申明springmvc核心控制器配置 -->
    <servlet>
    <servlet-name>springDispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
     <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>  
    <init-param>  
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>  
        <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>  
    </init-param>  
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>  
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>  
        <servlet-name>springDispatcherServlet</servlet-name>  
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>  
    </servlet-mapping> 
     <error-page>
        <error-code>404</error-code>
        <location>/WEB-INF/pages/404.jsp</location>
    </error-page>
</web-app>

applicationContext.xml

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-2.5.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd">


    <!--数据库数据源配置-->
    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">
        <!--加载驱动类-->
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"></property>
        <!--数据库访问地址-->
        <property name="url"
            value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/data?useSSL=false&amp;characterEncoding=utf8&amp;rewriteBatchedStatements=true"></property>
        <!--数据库访问用户名-->
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <!--数据库访问密码-->
        <property name="password" value="123456"></property>
    </bean>
    <!-- spring 提供的数据库事务管理 -->
    <bean id="txManager"
        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="txManager" />

    <!--spring提供的数据库访问操作类 -->
    <bean id="jdbcTemplate" class="org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property></bean>

    <!-- dao层类 -->
    <bean id="UserInfoDao" class="com.workpanorama.dao.UserInfoDao"></bean>

    <!-- 安全管理器 -->
    <bean id="securityManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager">
        <property name="cacheManager" ref="cacheManager" />
        <property name="realm" ref="jdbcRealm" />
        <property name="authorizer" ref="authorizer" />
    </bean>

    <!-- ehcache缓存框架 -->
    <bean id="cacheManager" class="org.apache.shiro.cache.ehcache.EhCacheManager">

        <property name="cacheManagerConfigFile" value="classpath:ehcache.xml" />
    </bean>
    <!--  先使用自己编写的Realm -->
    <bean id="jdbcRealm" class="com.workpanorama.handlers.ShiroRealm">
        <property name="credentialsMatcher">
            <bean class="org.apache.shiro.authc.credential.HashedCredentialsMatcher">
                <property name="hashAlgorithmName" value="MD5"></property>
                <property name="hashIterations" value="1024"></property>
            </bean>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <bean id="authorizer" class="org.apache.shiro.authz.ModularRealmAuthorizer">
        <property name="realms">
            <list>
                <ref bean="jdbcRealm" />
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 用来管理Spring容器当中的Shiro常见的对象 -->
    <bean id="lifecycleBeanPostProcessor" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.LifecycleBeanPostProcessor" />

    <!-- 启用Shiro注解 -->
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.aop.framework.autoproxy.DefaultAdvisorAutoProxyCreator"
        depends-on="lifecycleBeanPostProcessor" />
    <bean
        class="org.apache.shiro.spring.security.interceptor.AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor">
        <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 网络相关的暂时不做处理 -->
    <bean id="secureRemoteInvocationExecutor"
        class="org.apache.shiro.spring.remoting.SecureRemoteInvocationExecutor">
        <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
    </bean>


    <!-- ShiroFilter配置
        此id必须与web.xml中的filter-name一致
     -->
    <bean id="shiroFilter" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean">
        <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
        <property name="loginUrl" value="/login" />
        <property name="successUrl" value="/index" />
        <property name="unauthorizedUrl" value="/unauthorized" />
        <!--
            anon:匿名访问;
            authc:验证才能访问 ;
            logout:退出,注销用户;
             格式: URL=拦截器[参数] ;
            ?:匹配一个字符: /admin? => /admin1 ,但是不匹配 admin12 ;
            *:匹配0个或多个字符: /admin* => /admin1 或 admin12 ;
            **:匹配0个或多个路径: /admin/** => /admin/1 或 admin/12 .
            URL权限采取第一次匹配优先的方式 比如:
            /admin/**=filter1 ;
            /admin/aa=filter2 ;
            /**=filter3 ;
            那么请求的URL:/admin/11 =>匹配filter1 .
            /admin/aa=filter1 ;
            /admin/**=filter2 ;
            /**=filter3;
            那么请求的URL:/admin/11 => 匹配filter2.
        -->

        <property name="filterChainDefinitions">
            <value>

                <!--加载静态资源-->
                /statics/** = anon

                <!--登陆配置-->
                /login = anon<!--登陆页面-->
                /tologin = anon<!--登陆Action-->
                /IdentifyingCode = anon<!--验证码-->

                <!--退出配置-->
                /logout = logout<!--配置logout,shiro会自动销毁相关的session等信息-->

                <!-- 各个页面及权限配置 -->
                /main = authc[admin]
                /index = authc

                <!--除以上配置外,其他请求全部必须认证-->
                /** = authc
            </value>
        </property>
    </bean>

</beans>

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"  
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" 
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.3.xsd">
    <!-- 配置自动扫描的包 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.workpanorama.*"></context:component-scan>

    <!-- 配置视图解析器 -->
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
    </bean>

    <mvc:view-controller path="/" view-name="forward:/login"/>

    <mvc:annotation-driven />
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>
     <!-- 静态资源过滤 -->
    <mvc:resources location="/WEB-INF/pages/statics/" mapping="statics/**"/>
</beans>


这个真不好找,自己慢慢琢磨吧,或者看看这位大佬的博客https://blog.csdn.net/acmman/article/list/4

u010637394
狂吃狂吃的瘦子 谢谢,我去参考下
接近 2 年之前 回复

个人猜测,你的shirorealm这个类是new出来的吧?改为spring注入,

u010637394
狂吃狂吃的瘦子 spring注入是怎么个操作?
一年多之前 回复

securityManager这个bean的定义 放到authorizer这个bean的定义下面试下

u010637394
狂吃狂吃的瘦子 不行呢,还是一样
接近 2 年之前 回复

我重写了项目并重新将项目整合,这次将applicationContext.xml和spring-mvc.xml放在了同一个文件上,顺便参考网上的流程改了下代码:

现在的applicationContext.xml为:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" 
    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
    xsi:schemaLocation="
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-2.5.xsd
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop 
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-2.5.xsd"
    default-autowire="byName" default-lazy-init="true">

    <!-- 它背后注册了很多用于解析注解的处理器,其中就包括<context:annotation-config/>配置的注解所使用的处理器 -->
    <!-- 所以配置了<context:component-scan base-package="">之后,便无需再配置<context:annotation-config> -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.WorkPanorama.*">
      <!--<context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller" /> -->
     </context:component-scan> 
    <!-- 启用SpringMVC的注解功能,它会自动注册HandlerMapping、HandlerAdapter、ExceptionResolver的相关实例 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!-- 配置视图解析器 -->
    <bean
        class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 由于web.xml中设置是:由SpringMVC拦截所有请求,于是在读取静态资源文件的时候就会受到影响(说白了就是读不到) -->
    <!-- 经过下面的配置,该标签的作用就是:所有页面中引用"/js/**"的资源,都会从"/resources/js/"里面进行查找 -->
    <!-- 我们可以访问http://IP:8080/xxx/js/my.css和http://IP:8080/xxx/resources/js/my.css对比出来 -->
    <mvc:resources mapping="/WEB-INF/pages/statics/**" location="statics/**"/>

    <!-- SpringMVC在超出上传文件限制时,会抛出org.springframework.web.multipart.MaxUploadSizeExceededException -->
    <!-- 该异常是SpringMVC在检查上传的文件信息时抛出来的,而且此时还没有进入到Controller方法中 -->
    <!-- 具体想页面还没写 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.SimpleMappingExceptionResolver">
        <property name="exceptionMappings">
            <props>
                <!-- 遇到MaxUploadSizeExceededException异常时,自动跳转到/WEB-INF/error_fileupload.jsp页面 -->
                <prop key="org.springframework.web.multipart.MaxUploadSizeExceededException">WEB-INF/error_fileupload</prop>
                <!-- 处理其它异常(包括Controller抛出的) -->
                <prop key="java.lang.Throwable">WEB-INF/500</prop>
            </props>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 继承自AuthorizingRealm的自定义Realm,即指定Shiro验证用户登录的类为自定义的ShiroDbRealm.java -->
    <bean id="myRealm" class="com.WorkPanorama.handlers.MyRealm"/>

    <!-- Shiro默认会使用Servlet容器的Session,可通过sessionMode属性来指定使用Shiro原生Session -->
    <!-- 即<property name="sessionMode" value="native"/>,详细说明见官方文档 -->
    <!-- 这里主要是设置自定义的单Realm应用,若有多个Realm,可使用'realms'属性代替 -->
    <bean id="securityManager" class="org.apache.shiro.web.mgt.DefaultWebSecurityManager">
        <property name="realm" ref="myRealm"/>
    </bean>

    <aop:config proxy-target-class="true"></aop:config>
    <bean
        class="org.apache.shiro.spring.security.interceptor.AuthorizationAttributeSourceAdvisor">
        <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
    </bean>


    <!-- Shiro主过滤器本身功能十分强大,其强大之处就在于它支持任何基于URL路径表达式的、自定义的过滤器的执行 -->
    <!-- Web应用中,Shiro可控制的Web请求必须经过Shiro主过滤器的拦截,Shiro对基于Spring的Web应用提供了完美的支持 -->
       <bean id="shiroFilter" class="org.apache.shiro.spring.web.ShiroFilterFactoryBean">
        <property name="securityManager" ref="securityManager" />
        <property name="loginUrl" value="/login" />
        <property name="successUrl" value="/index" />
        <property name="unauthorizedUrl" value="/unauthorized" />
         <!--
            anon:匿名访问;
            authc:验证才能访问 ;
            logout:退出,注销用户;
             格式: URL=拦截器[参数] ;
            ?:匹配一个字符: /admin? => /admin1 ,但是不匹配 admin12 ;
            *:匹配0个或多个字符: /admin* => /admin1 或 admin12 ;
            **:匹配0个或多个路径: /admin/** => /admin/1 或 admin/12 .
            URL权限采取第一次匹配优先的方式 比如:
            /admin/**=filter1 ;
            /admin/aa=filter2 ;
            /**=filter3 ;
            那么请求的URL:/admin/11 =>匹配filter1 .
            /admin/aa=filter1 ;
            /admin/**=filter2 ;
            /**=filter3;
            那么请求的URL:/admin/11 => 匹配filter2.
        -->

        <property name="filterChainDefinitions">
            <value>

                <!--加载静态资源-->
                /statics/** = anon

                <!--登陆配置-->
                /login = anon<!--登陆页面-->
                /tologin = anon<!--登陆Action-->
                /IdentifyingCode = anon<!--验证码-->

                <!--退出配置-->
                /logout = logout<!--配置logout,shiro会自动销毁相关的session等信息-->

                <!-- 各个页面及权限配置 -->
                /main = authc[admin]
                /index = authc

                <!--除以上配置外,其他请求全部必须认证-->
                /** = authc
            </value>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!--数据库数据源配置-->
    <bean id="dataSource"
        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">
        <!--加载驱动类-->
        <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"></property>
        <!--数据库访问地址-->
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/data?useSSL=false&amp;characterEncoding=utf8&amp;rewriteBatchedStatements=true"></property>
        <!--数据库访问用户名-->
        <property name="username" value="root"></property>
        <!--数据库访问密码-->
        <property name="password" value="123456"></property>
    </bean>
    <!-- spring 提供的数据库事务管理 -->
    <bean id="txManager"
        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"></property>
    </bean>
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="txManager" />
    <!--spring提供的数据库访问操作类 -->
    <bean id="jdbcTemplate" class="org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate"></bean>
    <!-- Dao -->
    <bean id="UserInfoDao" class="com.WorkPanorama.dao.UserInfoDao" />
</beans>


web.xml为:

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="3.0" 
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd">

    <!-- 指定Spring的配置文件 -->
    <!-- 否则Spring会默认从WEB-INF下寻找配置文件,contextConfigLocation属性是Spring内部固定的 -->
    <!-- 通过ContextLoaderListener的父类ContextLoader的第120行发现CONFIG_LOCATION_PARAM固定为contextConfigLocation -->
     <!-- spring -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <!-- 防止发生java.beans.Introspector内存泄露,应将它配置在ContextLoaderListener的前面 -->
    <!-- 详细描述见http://blog.csdn.net/jadyer/article/details/11991457 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!-- 解决乱码问题 -->
    <!-- forceEncoding默认为false,此时效果可大致理解为request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8") -->
    <!-- forceEncoding=true后,可大致理解为request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8")和response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8") -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- 配置Shiro过滤器,先让Shiro过滤系统接收到的请求 -->
    <!-- 这里filter-name必须对应applicationContext.xml中定义的<bean id="shiroFilter"/> -->
    <!-- 使用[/*]匹配所有请求,保证所有的可控请求都经过Shiro的过滤 -->
    <!-- 通常会将此filter-mapping放置到最前面(即其他filter-mapping前面),以保证它是过滤器链中第一个起作用的 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <!-- 该值缺省为false,表示生命周期由SpringApplicationContext管理,设置为true则表示由ServletContainer管理 -->
            <param-name>targetFilterLifecycle</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>shiroFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- SpringMVC核心分发器 -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>

    <!-- Map all requests to the DispatcherServlet for handling -->
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springMVC</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>/WEB-INF/pages/login.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

然后还是有问题。问题能够定位到自定义的realm文件的MyRealm.java(因为不去数据库查就没问题)。去数据库查询数据时需要使用以下方法:

String currentUsername = (String)super.getAvailablePrincipal(principals);
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
UserInfoDao dao=(UserInfoDao) context.getBean("UserInfoDao");
UserInfoBean user=new UserInfoBean();
user = dao.QueryAll(currentUsername);

然后会报错

严重: Exception sending context initialized event to listener instance of class org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org.springframework.beans.FatalBeanException
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:471)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:304)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:228)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:300)
    at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:200)
    at org.springframework.context.support.PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.registerBeanPostProcessors(PostProcessorRegistrationDelegate.java:232)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.registerBeanPostProcessors(AbstractApplicationContext.java:618)
    at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:467)
    at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.configureAndRefreshWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:381)
    at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:293)
    at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener.contextInitialized(ContextLoaderListener.java:106)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:3827)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4334)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:791)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:771)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:525)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:920)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectories(HostConfig.java:883)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployApps(HostConfig.java:492)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.start(HostConfig.java:1138)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.lifecycleEvent(HostConfig.java:311)
    at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleSupport.fireLifecycleEvent(LifecycleSupport.java:117)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1053)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.start(StandardHost.java:719)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.start(ContainerBase.java:1045)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine.start(StandardEngine.java:443)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.start(StandardService.java:516)
    at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.start(StandardServer.java:710)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.start(Catalina.java:566)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.start(Bootstrap.java:288)
    at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:413)

判断问题点还是在于applicationContext.xml。但是因为刚开始学springmvc和shiro,所以还不能解决该故障。

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org.mybatis.spring.transaction.SpringManagedTransaction.getConnection(SpringManagedTransaction.java:70) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor.getConnection(BaseExecutor.java:336) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.SimpleExecutor.prepareStatement(SimpleExecutor.java:84) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.SimpleExecutor.doQuery(SimpleExecutor.java:62) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor.queryFromDatabase(BaseExecutor.java:324) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor.query(BaseExecutor.java:156) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor.query(CachingExecutor.java:109) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor.query(CachingExecutor.java:83) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.apache.ibatis.plugin.Invocation.proceed(Invocation.java:49) at com.github.pagehelper.SqlUtil._processPage(SqlUtil.java:401) at com.github.pagehelper.SqlUtil.processPage(SqlUtil.java:374) at com.github.pagehelper.PageHelper.intercept(PageHelper.java:255) at org.apache.ibatis.plugin.Plugin.invoke(Plugin.java:61) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy54.query(Unknown Source) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectList(DefaultSqlSession.java:148) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectList(DefaultSqlSession.java:141) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectOne(DefaultSqlSession.java:77) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate$SqlSessionInterceptor.invoke(SqlSessionTemplate.java:434) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy33.selectOne(Unknown Source) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate.selectOne(SqlSessionTemplate.java:167) at org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperMethod.execute(MapperMethod.java:82) at org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperProxy.invoke(MapperProxy.java:53) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy34.findByUsername(Unknown Source) at com.yixiang.ticket.hub.service.impl.UserServiceImpl.findByUsernameAndPassword(UserServiceImpl.java:20) at com.yixiang.ticket.hub.service.impl.UserRealmImpl.doGetAuthenticationInfo(UserRealmImpl.java:72) at org.apache.shiro.realm.AuthenticatingRealm.getAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticatingRealm.java:568) at org.apache.shiro.authc.pam.ModularRealmAuthenticator.doSingleRealmAuthentication(ModularRealmAuthenticator.java:180) at org.apache.shiro.authc.pam.ModularRealmAuthenticator.doAuthenticate(ModularRealmAuthenticator.java:267) at org.apache.shiro.authc.AbstractAuthenticator.authenticate(AbstractAuthenticator.java:198) at org.apache.shiro.mgt.AuthenticatingSecurityManager.authenticate(AuthenticatingSecurityManager.java:106) at org.apache.shiro.mgt.DefaultSecurityManager.login(DefaultSecurityManager.java:270) at org.apache.shiro.subject.support.DelegatingSubject.login(DelegatingSubject.java:256) at com.yixiang.ticket.hub.controller.LoginController.login(LoginController.java:32) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.doInvoke(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:221) at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:136) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:114) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:827) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:738) at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:85) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:963) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doPost(FrameworkServlet.java:872) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:648) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:291) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.shiro.web.servlet.AbstractShiroFilter.executeChain(AbstractShiroFilter.java:449) at org.apache.shiro.web.servlet.AbstractShiroFilter$1.call(AbstractShiroFilter.java:365) at org.apache.shiro.subject.support.SubjectCallable.doCall(SubjectCallable.java:90) at org.apache.shiro.subject.support.SubjectCallable.call(SubjectCallable.java:83) at org.apache.shiro.subject.support.DelegatingSubject.execute(DelegatingSubject.java:383) at org.apache.shiro.web.servlet.AbstractShiroFilter.doFilterInternal(AbstractShiroFilter.java:362) at org.apache.shiro.web.servlet.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:125) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:346) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:262) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:239) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:239) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:197) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:239) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:219) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:106) at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:502) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:142) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:79) at org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:610) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:88) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:518) at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1091) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:668) at 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