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2022-05-03 15:19
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使用spring AOP拓展时,NoSuchBeanDefinitionException:No qualifying bean of type ”XX“available

spring +maven 工程 ,编程式事物的demo,运行正常,想着用spring AOP 拓展一下,但是xml文件中添加了aop相关的配置后,就报错了

org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type 'com.roc.service.impl.AccountService' available

maven 配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.Roc</groupId>
    <artifactId>studySpring00</artifactId>
    <packaging>pom</packaging>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <modules>
        <module>transactionStatus</module>
    </modules>

    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>8</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>8</maven.compiler.target>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.18.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.18.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.18.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.18.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.18.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.18.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.alibaba/druid -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/mysql/mysql-connector-java -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>8.0.21</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.13.2</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.8.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>${maven.compiler.source}</source>
                    <target>${maven.compiler.target}</target>
                    <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        https://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd">

    <context:property-placeholder location="jdbc.properties"/>
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.roc"/>
    <!--注入事物管理器-->
    <bean id = "transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>
    <bean id="jdbcTemplate" class="org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>
    <!--数据源-->
        <bean id ="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource">
        <property name="url" value="${url}"/>
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${driverClassName}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${user}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${password}"/>

    </bean>

<!--    aop配置-->
    <aop:config>
        <aop:pointcut id="point" expression="execution(* com.roc.service..*(..))"/>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut-ref="point"/>
    </aop:config>

    <bean id="txAdvice" class="com.roc.aop.TxAdvice">
        <property name="transactionManager" ref="transactionManager"/>
    </bean>

</beans>


业务层 类AccountService.java

package com.roc.service.impl;

import com.roc.service.IAccountService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.transaction.PlatformTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.transaction.TransactionStatus;
import org.springframework.transaction.support.DefaultTransactionDefinition;



@Service
public  class AccountService implements IAccountService {

    @Autowired
    JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate;

    @Autowired
    PlatformTransactionManager transactionManager;

    @Override
    public void transfer(String from, String to, Integer money) {

            String moneyFrom = "UPDATE account SET money = money - ? WHERE uerName = ?";
            String moneyTo = "UPDATE account SET money = money + ? WHERE uerName = ?";

            // 一个转账  一个扣钱
            jdbcTemplate.update(moneyFrom,money,from);

            //制造异常
            int i = 1/0;

            jdbcTemplate.update(moneyTo,money,to);

    }

    @Override
    public void transfer2(String from, String to, Integer money) {

        //
        DefaultTransactionDefinition defaultTransactionDefinition = new DefaultTransactionDefinition();
        TransactionStatus transaction = transactionManager.getTransaction(defaultTransactionDefinition);

        try{
            String moneyFrom = "UPDATE account SET money = money - ? WHERE uerName = ?";
            String moneyTo = "UPDATE account SET money = money + ? WHERE uerName = ?";

            // 一个转账  一个扣钱
            jdbcTemplate.update(moneyFrom,money,from);

            //制造异常
//            int i = 1/0;

            jdbcTemplate.update(moneyTo,money,to);
        }catch (Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            transactionManager.rollback(transaction);
        }
        transactionManager.commit(transaction);

    }


}


AOP 类:TxAdvice.java

package com.roc.aop;

import org.aopalliance.intercept.MethodInterceptor;
import org.aopalliance.intercept.MethodInvocation;

import org.springframework.transaction.PlatformTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.transaction.TransactionStatus;
import org.springframework.transaction.support.DefaultTransactionDefinition;


public class TxAdvice implements MethodInterceptor {


    private PlatformTransactionManager transactionManager;

    public void setTransactionManager(PlatformTransactionManager transactionManager) {
        this.transactionManager = transactionManager;
    }

    @Override
    public Object invoke(MethodInvocation methodInvocation) throws Throwable {

        //默认的事物配置
        DefaultTransactionDefinition defaultTransactionDefinition = new DefaultTransactionDefinition();

        TransactionStatus transaction = transactionManager.getTransaction(defaultTransactionDefinition);

        Object returnVal = null;
        try{
            returnVal = methodInvocation.getMethod().invoke(
                    methodInvocation.getThis(),
                    methodInvocation.getArguments()
            );
        }catch (RuntimeException exception){
            exception.printStackTrace();
            transactionManager.rollback(transaction);
        }
        transactionManager.commit(transaction);

        return returnVal;

    }
}

测试类

package com.roc.service.impl;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;


public class AccountServiceTest {
    @Test
    public void testTransfer(){
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("tx.xml");
        AccountService accountServiceBean = applicationContext.getBean(AccountService.class);
        accountServiceBean.transfer("tom","jerry",200);
    }
}


org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException: No qualifying bean of type 'com.roc.service.impl.AccountService' available
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBean(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:351)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.getBean(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:342)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.getBean(AbstractApplicationContext.java:1127)
at com.roc.service.impl.AccountServiceTest.testTransfer(AccountServiceTest.java:15)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:59)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:56)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:306)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner$1.evaluate(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:100)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:366)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:103)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:63)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$4.run(ParentRunner.java:331)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:79)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:329)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$100(ParentRunner.java:66)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:293)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:306)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:413)
at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:137)
at com.intellij.junit4.JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.startRunnerWithArgs(JUnit4IdeaTestRunner.java:69)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.IdeaTestRunner$Repeater$1.execute(IdeaTestRunner.java:38)
at com.intellij.rt.execution.junit.TestsRepeater.repeat(TestsRepeater.java:11)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.IdeaTestRunner$Repeater.startRunnerWithArgs(IdeaTestRunner.java:35)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.JUnitStarter.prepareStreamsAndStart(JUnitStarter.java:235)
at com.intellij.rt.junit.JUnitStarter.main(JUnitStarter.java:54)
试过把xml 文件中的aop 配置注释掉,测试AccountService.transfer2方法 是OK的,但是只要把这个AOP配置加上,执行AccountService.transfer2transfer 方法,就会报错,找不到bean: AccountService
这是为什么? 哪里配置缺失,还是写错了?

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