duanji2002
2015-01-12 06:32
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使用PHP Curl提交表单并获得结果[重复]

This question already has an answer here:

The form on the website is...

<form action="" method="POST">
<input style="width:30%;background-color:#e2e2e2;border:#000;color:#000;" type="text" name="userName" placeholder="Enter a username" required="">
<br>
<input type="submit" name="userBtn" value="get Username">
</form>

Once you fill out a value in name="userName" and click name="userBtn" the page refreshes and changes the value of name="userName" to the information that I want.

How would I go about submitting a form and then retrieving the data that it writes?

</div>

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此问题已经存在 这里有一个答案:

  • 使用curl提交/检索表单结果 2 answers

    网站上的表格是......

     &lt; form action =“”method =“POST”&gt; 
    &lt; input style =“width:30%; background-color:#e2e2e2; border:#000; color:#000  ;”  type =“text”name =“userName”placeholder =“输入用户名”required =“”&gt; 
    &lt; br&gt; 
    &lt; input type =“submit”name =“userBtn”value =“get Username”&gt;  
    &lt; / form&gt; 
       
     
     

    name =“userName”中填写一个值并单击 name =“ userBtn“页面刷新并将 name =”userName“的值更改为我想要的信息。

    我将如何提交 一个表单,然后检索它写的数据?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dsdukbc60905239 2015-01-12 06:51
    已采纳

    See this detailed example, Begin by creating a new connection.

    $curl_connection = 
      curl_init('http://www.domainname.com/target_url.php');
    

    A new connection is created using curl_init() function, which takes the target URL as parameter (The URL where we want to post our data). The target URL is same as the “action” parameters of a normal form, which would look like this:

    <form method="post" action="http://www.domainname.com/target_url.php">
    

    Now let’s set some options for our connection. We can do this using the curl_setopt() function. Go to curl_setopt() reference page for more information on curl_setopt() and a complete list of options.

    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 30);
        curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_USERAGENT,
        "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)");
        curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
        curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false);
        curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);
    

    What options do we set here?

    First, we set the connection timeout to 30 seconds, so we don’t have our script waiting indefinitely if the remote server fails to respond.

    Then we set how cURL will identify itself to the remote server. Some servers will return different content for different browsers (or agents, such as spiders of the search engines), so we want our request to look like it is coming from a popular browser.

    CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER set to true forces cURL not to display the output of the request, but return it as a string.

    Then we set CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER option to false, so the request will not trigger an error in case of an invalid, expired or not signed SSL certificate.

    Finally, we set CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION to 1 to instruct cURL to follow “Location: ” redirects found in the headers sent by the remote site.

    Now we must prepare the data that we want to post. We can first store this in an array, with the key of an element being the same as the input name of a regular form, and the value being the value that we want to post for that field.

    For example,if in a regular form we would have:

    <input type="text" name="firstName" value="Name">
    <input type="hidden" name="action" value="Register">
    

    we add this to our array like this:

    $post_data['firstName'] = 'Name';
    $post_data['action'] = 'Register'
    

    Do the same for every form field.

    Data will be posted in the following format: key1=value1&key2=value2

    In order to format the data like this, we are going to create strings for each key-value pair (for example key1=value1), put them in another array ($post_items) then combine them in one string using PHP function implode() .

      foreach ( $post_data as $key => $value) 
        {
            $post_items[] = $key . '=' . $value;
        }
    
    $post_string = implode ('&', $post_items);
    

    Next, we need to tell cURL which string we want to post. For this, we use the CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS option.

    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post_string); Finally, we execute the post, then close the connection.

    $result = curl_exec($curl_connection);
    curl_close($curl_connection);
    

    By now, the data should have been posted to the remote URL. Go check this, and if it did not work properly, use curl_getinfo() function to see any errors that might have occurred.

    print_r(curl_getinfo($curl_connection));
    

    This line displays an array of information regarding the transfer. This must be used before closing the connection with curl_close();

    You can also see number and description of the error by outputting curl_errno($curl_connection) and curl_error($curl_connection).

    So let’s put everything together. Here is our code:

    <?php
    
    //create array of data to be posted
    $post_data['firstName'] = 'Name';
    $post_data['action'] = 'Register';
    
    //traverse array and prepare data for posting (key1=value1)
    foreach ( $post_data as $key => $value) {
        $post_items[] = $key . '=' . $value;
    }
    
    //create the final string to be posted using implode()
    $post_string = implode ('&', $post_items);
    
    //create cURL connection
    $curl_connection = 
      curl_init('http://www.domainname.com/target_url.php');
    
    //set options
    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 30);
    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 
      "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)");
    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false);
    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1);
    
    //set data to be posted
    curl_setopt($curl_connection, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $post_string);
    
    //perform our request
    $result = curl_exec($curl_connection);
    
    //show information regarding the request
    print_r(curl_getinfo($curl_connection));
    echo curl_errno($curl_connection) . '-' . 
                    curl_error($curl_connection);
    
    //close the connection
    curl_close($curl_connection);
    
    ?>
    
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