2016-10-26 23:50
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Symfony - 修改原型中的默认数据

So say I have a Category and a Product entity, where Category has many Product entities. My Category form builder looks like this:

public function buildForm(FormBuilderInterface $builder, array $options)
            ->add('name', TextType::class) 
            ->add('products', CollectionType::class, array(
            'entry_type' => ProductType::class,
            'allow_add' => true,
            'by_reference' => false,
            'allow_delete' => true,
            'prototype' => true,
            'prototype_name' => '__product_prot__'))
            ->add('save', SubmitType::class))

And my Product form builder looks like this:

public function buildForm(FormBuilderInterface $builder, array $options)
            ->add('name', TextType::class) 
            ->add('dateAdded', DateType::class)

What I would like to know is how to set the value of dateAdded so that whenever a new prototype is added, it displays today's date?

Some people have suggested using the Entity __construct() function to create the default, but this doesn't appear to work for prototypes. I've also found the placeholder option, but I'm not sure how to use it so that it always has today's date - i.e this doesn't appear to work:

->add('addDate', DateType::class, array(
    'placeholder' => new \DateTime();

As the error is: Attempted to call function "DateTime" from the global namespace

Additionally, I've found the prototype_data field in the CollectionType field, but again, I'm not sure how to specify to only put data in a single field, and to make it dynamic.

Can someone tell me the best method to use - and the correct syntax?


So my __construct() looks like:

public function __construct()
    $this->addDate = new \DateTime();

Which works fine for the Category entity (if I give it a date field for testing), but not the prototyped Product entity. When I load the prototype into the form, I just get a default date of 1st Jan 2011. The prototype looks like:

{% block _category_products_entry_row %}
        {{ form_row( }}
        {{ form_row(form.dateAdded) }}
{% endblock %}

Interestingly, I've also found if I load the new form with a Product entity created already in the Category controller, the dateAdded field that appears due to:

{% for product in form.products %}
     {{ form_row(product) }}
{% endfor %}

Has today's date as it's default value. This would suggest to me that the loading of the prototypes which is done in the same fashion as the How to Embed a Collection of Forms tutorial - is causing the issue.

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dtbam62840 2016-10-30 05:42

    To set a default value to a form field, you can use "data" property and use FormEvent to handle form on update. Here is the result:

    use Symfony\Component\Form\FormEvent;
    use Symfony\Component\Form\FormEvents;
    public function buildForm(FormBuilderInterface $builder, array $options)
            ->add('name', TextType::class) 
            ->add('dateAdded', DateType::class, array(
                'data' => new \DateTime(),
        $builder->addEventListener(FormEvents::PRE_SET_DATA, function(FormEvent $event) {
            $product = $event->getData();
            $form = $event->getForm();
            if (!$product) {
            if ($dateAdded = $product->getDateAdded()) {
                $form->add('dateAdded', DateType::class, array(
                    'data' => $dateAdded,

    On PRE_SET_DATA, you can override the default value on the dateAdded field with the data you fetched.

    For more info, you can visit and

    Hope it helps

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