2019-07-04 15:05
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PHPUnit - 调用Assert trait方法

Supposing I have a trait which currently has a method:

trait MyTrait
    public function traitMethod()
        return true;

Now let's say this trait is used by several classes but I don't want to write a unit-test for every class. Instead I want to write a single unit-test only for the trait:

public function testTraitMethod()
    $trait = $this->getMockForTrait(MyTrait::class);

But the problem is that a class may actually override trait's method:

class MyClass
    use MyTrait;

    public function traitMethod()
        return false;

In this case MyClass is doing something wrong but I'm not aware of it since I'm testing only the trait.

My idea would be write a single unit-test for every class just to check if it's using that trait and it's not overriding that method. If a class needs to override trait's method then it needs a specific unit-test as well.

Currently I'm writing unit-tests for each class that implements my trait but it's of course kind of copy-paste tests everywhere.

So is there a way to test if a class calls it's underlying trait method?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • drpogkqqi536984960 2019-07-05 14:15

    I found a solution using Reflection, I'll post it in case someone needs it because I couldn't find anything related to my problem. Feel free to comment or add different solutions if you want.

    So the following test asserts that $serviceClass uses $traitClass and doesn't override methods declared in $traitClass except abstract ones and those which are manually added to $overriddenMethods array.

    public function testServiceUsesTrait()
        $serviceClass = MyClass::class;
        $traitClass = MyTrait::class;
        $this->assertContains($traitClass, (new \ReflectionClass($serviceClass))->getTraitNames());
        $reflectedTrait = new \ReflectionClass($traitClass);
        $reflectedTraitFile = $reflectedTrait->getFileName();
         * If $serviceClass overrides some trait methods they
         * should be inserted into this array to avoid test failure.
         * Additional unit-tests should be written for overridden methods.
        $overriddenMethods = [];
        foreach ($reflectedTrait->getMethods() as $traitMethod) {
            if ($traitMethod->isAbstract() || in_array($traitMethod->getName(), $overriddenMethods, true)) {
            $classMethod = new \ReflectionMethod($serviceClass, $traitMethod->getName());
            $this->assertSame($reflectedTraitFile, $classMethod->getFileName(), sprintf(
                'Trait method "%s" is overridden in class "%s" thus it must be excluded from this test.',
                $traitMethod->getName(), $serviceClass

    I also tried to compare declaring classes using $classMethod->getDeclaringClass() instead of comparing filenames but it didn't work: even if trait method is not overridden in class, getDeclaringClass() always returns the class itself.

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