douwei2966
2019-05-15 14:36 阅读 93
已采纳

错误:150“外键约束错误形成”但检查我所知道的一切

The problem

When running migration, the last table end up with the error in the title.

My database is a local MySQL.

The error

Illuminate\Database\QueryException : SQLSTATE[HY000]: General error: 1005 Can't create table shopping_list_develop.#sql-1698_2b (errno: 150 "Foreign key constraint is incorrectly formed") (SQL: alter table products add constraint products_shopping_list_id_foreign foreign key (shopping_list_id) references shopping_lists (id) on delete set null on update cascade)

Already tried

This is what I check:

  • The parent table (shopping_lists) is created before the child table (products).
  • The foreign key shopping_list_id is of the same type of the column it references.
  • The two tables, shopping_lists and products have the same DB Engine (InnoDB).

I've read other answers but can't find a solution.

Migrations

2019_05_13_192170_create_shopping_lists_table.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Carbon\Carbon;

class CreateShoppingListsTable extends Migration {

    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('shopping_lists', function(Blueprint $table) {
            $table->bigIncrements('id');
            $table->string('name')->nullable()->default(Carbon::now()->toDateString());
            $table->unsignedBigInteger('user_id');
            $table->timestamps();

            $table->foreign('user_id')->references('id')->on('users')
                        ->onDelete('cascade')
                        ->onUpdate('cascade');
        });
    }

    public function down()
    {
        Schema::table('shopping_lists', function(Blueprint $table) {
            $table->dropForeign(['user_id']);
        });
        Schema::dropIfExist('shopping_lists');
    }
}

2019_05_13_192700_create_products_table.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

class CreateProductsTable extends Migration {

    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('products', function(Blueprint $table) {
            $table->bigIncrements('id');
            $table->string('name');
            $table->string('brand')->nullable()->default(null);
            $table->float('price', 6,2)->nullable()->default(null);
            $table->string('note')->nullable()->default(null);
            $table->string('salable_type');
            $table->unsignedBigInteger('salable_id');
            $table->unsignedBigInteger('shopping_list_id');
            $table->timestamps();

            $table->foreign('shopping_list_id')->references('id')->on('shopping_lists')
                        ->onDelete('set null')
                        ->onUpdate('cascade');
        });
    }

    public function down()
    {
        Schema::table('products', function(Blueprint $table) {
            $table->dropForeign(['shopping_list_id']);
        });

        Schema::dropIfExist('products');
    }
}

Thanks for the help and ask me any extra info if you need.

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • 已采纳
    douzong5057 douzong5057 2019-05-15 14:43

    In your 2019_05_13_192700_create_products_table.php migration, onDelete you are setting the value to null.

    $table->foreign('shopping_list_id')->references('id')->on('shopping_lists')
                            ->onDelete('set null')
                            ->onUpdate('cascade');
    

    But the column you have declared is not nullable

    $table->unsignedBigInteger('shopping_list_id');
    

    Try making that column nullable by doing the following instead:

    $table->unsignedBigInteger('shopping_list_id')->nullable();
    
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