启动Django项目报错could't import Django. Are you sure it's installed and available on your PYTHONPATH environment variable?

电脑A建立虚拟环境下的Django项目复制到电脑B中
**报错 **could't import Django. Are you sure it's installed and available on your PYTHONPATH environment variable? Did you forget to activate a virtual environment?

我**已经进入了虚拟环境**中manage.py的目录下才运行python manage.py runserver,
也**已经在虚拟环境中装好了Django**,文件目录如下图,求助大神们,怎么才能在**电脑B**上成功运行Django项目?!感谢!图片说明图片说明图片说明

2个回答

虚拟环境也是copy过来的吗 你打开drawmap\Scripts\django-admin.py这个文件看下第一行写的路径,看下能对应上不。

Eric_Liu_Xin
澈丹丶 回复Honoriahou: 执行pip list, 看下Django包在不在list里面。 如果在B电脑新建的虚拟环境,就跟A电脑没什么关系了。 正常这种操作,一般是从A电脑导出安装list:pip freeze >requirements.txt,,然后再B电脑创建的虚拟环境中重新安装这个list:pip install -r requirements.txt。。这样就把A电脑的虚拟环境完全Copy的B电脑了。你可以试着操作一下。
3 个月之前 回复
Honoriahoufeifei
Honoriahou 可以的,复制过来的所有都和之前一样。虚拟环境在换电脑的时候是需要重新建立一个的吗?然后再把app文件和模板文件拷贝到新的虚拟环境中?
3 个月之前 回复

在命令行里打 ECHO %PYTHONPATH%
输出下,看看有没有你django的路径,没有的话添加下

Honoriahoufeifei
Honoriahou 您说的是linus的方法吗?我在环境变量里添加了django的路径 但还是报一样的错误
3 个月之前 回复
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问个有关django+heroku的问题
``` Traceback (most recent call last): File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) psycopg2.errors.UndefinedTable: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 351, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 325, in execute django.setup() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 108, in populate app_config.import_models(all_models) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 198, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 978, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 961, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 950, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 655, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 678, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 205, in _call_with_frames_removed File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 7, in <module> class Topic(models.Model): File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 8, in Topic choices=Help().choices() File "/app/learning_logs/help.py", line 9, in choices for user in users: File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 162, in __iter__ self._fetch_all() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 965, in _fetch_all self._result_cache = list(self.iterator()) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 238, in iterator results = compiler.execute_sql() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/sql/compiler.py", line 840, in execute_sql cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... ``` 在heroku bash操作makemigrations,migrate中出现的错误 在本地用这些没问题 settings.py ``` """ Django settings for learning_log project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 1.8.5. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/ """ # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) import os import django_heroku BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'o47!#$sbu_&=)pnbk63ra!hjbx@+pc=2j42cf(&mx82&hs&ph_' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'whitenoise.runserver_nostatic', 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', #my app 'learning_logs', 'users', #other app 'bootstrap3', ) MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'whitenoise.middleware.WhiteNoiseMiddleware', ] MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', ) ROOT_URLCONF = 'learning_log.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [], 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'learning_log.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/#databases DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), } } # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'UTC' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True LOGIN_URL = '/users/login/' # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' MEDIA_URL = '/media/' MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'media') STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles') if os.getenv('DATABASE_URL') is not None: import dj_database_url DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER = ('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO', 'https') ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['stark-anchorage-08076.herokuapp.com'] DEBUG = False BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)) STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static'), ) django_heroku.settings(locals()) ``` views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from .models import Topic, Entry, Root, Suf_Pre_fix from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect, Http404 from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse from .forms import TopicForm, EntryForm, RootForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required from .help import Help from django.contrib.auth.models import User # Create your views here. def index(request): return render(request, 'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): topics = Topic.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'topics': topics} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topics.html', context) @login_required def topic(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic': topic,'entries': entries} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topic.html', context) @login_required def new_topic(request): if request.method != 'POST': form = TopicForm() else: form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html', context) @login_required def new_entry(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_entry = form.save(commit=False) new_entry.topic = topic new_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic, 'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html', context) @login_required def edit_entry(request, entry_id): entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if not Help().check_user(request.user,entry.edit_able) or not Help().check_user(request.user,topic.edit_able): raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: form = EntryForm(instance=entry, data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): edit_entry = form.save(commit=False) edit_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") edit_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry': entry, 'topic': topic, 'form': form ,'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/edit_entry.html', context) @login_required def roots(request): roots = Root.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'roots': roots} return render(request, 'learning_logs/roots.html', context) def root(request, root_id): root = Root.objects.get(id=root_id) things = root.things.order_by('-date_added') context = {'root':root, 'things':things} return render(request, 'learning_logs/root.html', context) ``` help.py ``` from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Help(): def __init__(self): pass def choices(self): users=User.objects.all() choices=[] a=1 for user in users: choices.append((a,str(user))) a+=1 return choices def check_user(self,user,users): try: str(users).index(str(user)) except: return False else: return True def users(self): users=[] for user in User.objects.all(): users.append(str(user)) return users def test_list(self,list1): for item in list1: print(type(item)) def test_word(self,item): print(item,type(item)) ```
Django 在后台管理页面中实现添加用户报错:RuntimeError at /admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ generator raised StopIteration
#报错问题:(WIN10+python3.7+django1.8.2) ```python Environment: Request Method: POST Request URL: http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ Django Version: 1.8.2 Python Version: 3.7.4 Installed Applications: ('django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', 'booktest') Installed Middleware: ('django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware') Traceback: File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\core\handlers\base.py" in get_response 125. response = middleware_method(request, callback, callback_args, callback_kwargs) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\middleware\csrf.py" in process_view 174. request_csrf_token = request.POST.get('csrfmiddlewaretoken', '') File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\core\handlers\wsgi.py" in _get_post 137. self._load_post_and_files() File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\request.py" in _load_post_and_files 260. self._post, self._files = self.parse_file_upload(self.META, data) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\request.py" in parse_file_upload 225. return parser.parse() File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in parse 149. for item_type, meta_data, field_stream in Parser(stream, self._boundary): File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in __iter__ 628. yield parse_boundary_stream(sub_stream, 1024) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in parse_boundary_stream 567. chunk = stream.read(max_header_size) File "A:\MyApply\Soft\CodeApply\Python\virtualenv\env\lib\site-packages\django\http\multipartparser.py" in read 337. out = b''.join(parts()) Exception Type: RuntimeError at /admin/booktest/bookinfo/add/ Exception Value: generator raised StopIteration ```
问个有关python+django+heroku的问题
``` Traceback (most recent call last): File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) psycopg2.errors.UndefinedTable: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 10, in <module> execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 351, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 325, in execute django.setup() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 108, in populate app_config.import_models(all_models) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 198, in import_models self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level) File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 978, in _gcd_import File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 961, in _find_and_load File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 950, in _find_and_load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 655, in _load_unlocked File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 678, in exec_module File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 205, in _call_with_frames_removed File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 7, in <module> class Topic(models.Model): File "/app/learning_logs/models.py", line 8, in Topic choices=Help().choices() File "/app/learning_logs/help.py", line 9, in choices for user in users: File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 162, in __iter__ self._fetch_all() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 965, in _fetch_all self._result_cache = list(self.iterator()) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/query.py", line 238, in iterator results = compiler.execute_sql() File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/models/sql/compiler.py", line 840, in execute_sql cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/app/.heroku/python/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) django.db.utils.ProgrammingError: relation "auth_user" does not exist LINE 1: ...user"."is_active", "auth_user"."date_joined" FROM "auth_user... ``` 在heroku bash操作makemigrations,migrate中出现的错误 在本地用这些没问题 settings.py ``` """ Django settings for learning_log project. Generated by 'django-admin startproject' using Django 1.8.5. For more information on this file, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/settings/ For the full list of settings and their values, see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/ """ # Build paths inside the project like this: os.path.join(BASE_DIR, ...) import os import django_heroku BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))) # Quick-start development settings - unsuitable for production # See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/deployment/checklist/ # SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret! SECRET_KEY = 'o47!#$sbu_&=)pnbk63ra!hjbx@+pc=2j42cf(&mx82&hs&ph_' # SECURITY WARNING: don't run with debug turned on in production! DEBUG = True ALLOWED_HOSTS = [] # Application definition INSTALLED_APPS = ( 'whitenoise.runserver_nostatic', 'django.contrib.admin', 'django.contrib.auth', 'django.contrib.contenttypes', 'django.contrib.sessions', 'django.contrib.messages', 'django.contrib.staticfiles', #my app 'learning_logs', 'users', #other app 'bootstrap3', ) MIDDLEWARE = [ 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'whitenoise.middleware.WhiteNoiseMiddleware', ] MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES = ( 'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware', 'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware', 'django.middleware.csrf.CsrfViewMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.AuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.auth.middleware.SessionAuthenticationMiddleware', 'django.contrib.messages.middleware.MessageMiddleware', 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware', 'django.middleware.security.SecurityMiddleware', ) ROOT_URLCONF = 'learning_log.urls' TEMPLATES = [ { 'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates', 'DIRS': [], 'APP_DIRS': True, 'OPTIONS': { 'context_processors': [ 'django.template.context_processors.debug', 'django.template.context_processors.request', 'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth', 'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages', ], }, }, ] WSGI_APPLICATION = 'learning_log.wsgi.application' # Database # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/ref/settings/#databases DATABASES = { 'default': { 'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3', 'NAME': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'db.sqlite3'), } } # Internationalization # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/topics/i18n/ LANGUAGE_CODE = 'en-us' TIME_ZONE = 'UTC' USE_I18N = True USE_L10N = True USE_TZ = True LOGIN_URL = '/users/login/' # Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images) # https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.8/howto/static-files/ STATIC_URL = '/static/' MEDIA_URL = '/media/' MEDIA_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'media') STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'staticfiles') if os.getenv('DATABASE_URL') is not None: import dj_database_url DATABASES['default'] = dj_database_url.config() SECURE_PROXY_SSL_HEADER = ('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO', 'https') ALLOWED_HOSTS = ['stark-anchorage-08076.herokuapp.com'] DEBUG = False BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)) STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static'), ) django_heroku.settings(locals()) ``` views.py ``` from django.shortcuts import render from .models import Topic, Entry, Root, Suf_Pre_fix from django.http import HttpResponseRedirect, Http404 from django.core.urlresolvers import reverse from .forms import TopicForm, EntryForm, RootForm from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required from .help import Help from django.contrib.auth.models import User # Create your views here. def index(request): return render(request, 'learning_logs/index.html') @login_required def topics(request): topics = Topic.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'topics': topics} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topics.html', context) @login_required def topic(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) entries = topic.entry_set.order_by('-date_added') context = {'topic': topic,'entries': entries} return render(request, 'learning_logs/topic.html', context) @login_required def new_topic(request): if request.method != 'POST': form = TopicForm() else: form = TopicForm(request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_topic = form.save(commit=False) new_topic.owner = request.user new_topic.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_topic.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topics')) context = {'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_topic.html', context) @login_required def new_entry(request, topic_id): topic = Topic.objects.get(id=topic_id) if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm() else: form = EntryForm(data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): new_entry = form.save(commit=False) new_entry.topic = topic new_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") new_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic_id])) context = {'topic':topic, 'form': form, 'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/new_entry.html', context) @login_required def edit_entry(request, entry_id): entry = Entry.objects.get(id=entry_id) topic = entry.topic if not Help().check_user(request.user,entry.edit_able) or not Help().check_user(request.user,topic.edit_able): raise Http404 if request.method != 'POST': form = EntryForm(instance=entry) else: form = EntryForm(instance=entry, data=request.POST) if form.is_valid(): edit_entry = form.save(commit=False) edit_entry.edit_able = request.POST.getlist("edit_able") edit_entry.save() return HttpResponseRedirect(reverse('learning_logs:topic',args=[topic.id])) context = {'entry': entry, 'topic': topic, 'form': form ,'users':Help().users()} return render(request, 'learning_logs/edit_entry.html', context) @login_required def roots(request): roots = Root.objects.order_by('date_added') context = {'roots': roots} return render(request, 'learning_logs/roots.html', context) def root(request, root_id): root = Root.objects.get(id=root_id) things = root.things.order_by('-date_added') context = {'root':root, 'things':things} return render(request, 'learning_logs/root.html', context) ``` help.py ``` from django.contrib.auth.models import User class Help(): def __init__(self): pass def choices(self): users=User.objects.all() choices=[] a=1 for user in users: choices.append((a,str(user))) a+=1 return choices def check_user(self,user,users): try: str(users).index(str(user)) except: return False else: return True def users(self): users=[] for user in User.objects.all(): users.append(str(user)) return users def test_list(self,list1): for item in list1: print(type(item)) def test_word(self,item): print(item,type(item)) ```
初学python django中login() got an unexpected keyword argument 'templates'
users\urls.py中的代码,报错login() got an unexpected keyword argument 'templates' ``` from django.urls import path,include from django.contrib.auth import authenticate, login name = 'login' urlpatterns=[ #登陆页面 path('login/',login, {'templates':'users/login.html'},name='login'), ] ```
django.db.utils.InternalError: (1050, "Table 'django_content_type' already exists") 迁移文件建立数据表的时候一直报错
django.db.utils.InternalError: (1050, "Table 'django_content_type' already exists") 在网上看到很多的方法,大概都是 先删除 所有的迁移文件, 再删除 数据库中对应的 Django_migrations 表里面的所有数据 之后再进行创建迁移文件然后再执行创建数据表的操作,但是报 没有应用啥啥啥的错误。。。 接着执行: python manage.py migrate booktest --fake 结果再执行 : python manage.py migrate 还是报 1050 的错误。。。。。。。。 下面附上详细报错信息,求网友大哥们解答~~!! (django_py3) huangdonglin@huangdonglin-virtual-machine:~/django_show/test2$ python manage.py migrate Operations to perform: Synchronize unmigrated apps: messages, staticfiles Apply all migrations: admin, booktest, sessions, auth, contenttypes Synchronizing apps without migrations: Creating tables... Running deferred SQL... Installing custom SQL... Running migrations: Rendering model states... DONE Applying contenttypes.0001_initial...Traceback (most recent call last): File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 62, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/mysql/base.py", line 124, in execute return self.cursor.execute(query, args) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py", line 170, in execute result = self._query(query) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/cursors.py", line 328, in _query conn.query(q) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 517, in query self._affected_rows = self._read_query_result(unbuffered=unbuffered) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pymysql/connections.py", line 732, in 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"/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 338, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/__init__.py", line 330, in execute self.fetch_command(subcommand).run_from_argv(self.argv) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 390, in run_from_argv self.execute(*args, **cmd_options) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/base.py", line 441, in execute output = self.handle(*args, **options) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/core/management/commands/migrate.py", line 221, in handle executor.migrate(targets, plan, fake=fake, fake_initial=fake_initial) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 110, in migrate self.apply_migration(states[migration], migration, fake=fake, fake_initial=fake_initial) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/executor.py", line 147, in apply_migration state = migration.apply(state, schema_editor) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/migration.py", line 115, in apply operation.database_forwards(self.app_label, schema_editor, old_state, project_state) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/migrations/operations/models.py", line 59, in database_forwards schema_editor.create_model(model) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/base/schema.py", line 286, in create_model self.execute(sql, params or None) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/base/schema.py", line 111, in execute cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 79, in execute return super(CursorDebugWrapper, self).execute(sql, params) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 64, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql, params) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/utils.py", line 97, in __exit__ six.reraise(dj_exc_type, dj_exc_value, traceback) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/utils/six.py", line 658, in reraise raise value.with_traceback(tb) File "/home/huangdonglin/.virtualenvs/django_py3/lib/python3.6/site-packages/django/db/backends/utils.py", line 62, in execute return self.cursor.execute(sql) File 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Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\psycopg2\__init__.py", line 126, in connect conn = _connect(dsn, connection_factory=connection_factory, **kwasync) psycopg2.OperationalError The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception: Traceback (most recent call last): File "manage.py", line 21, in <module> main() File "manage.py", line 17, in main execute_from_command_line(sys.argv) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\__init__.py", line 401, in execute_from_command_line utility.execute() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\__init__.py", line 395, in execute self.fetch_command(subcommand).run_from_argv(self.argv) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\base.py", line 328, in run_from_argv self.execute(*args, **cmd_options) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\base.py", line 369, in execute output = self.handle(*args, **options) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\base.py", line 83, in wrapped res = handle_func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\core\management\commands\makemigrations.py", line 101, in handle loader.check_consistent_history(connection) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\migrations\loader.py", line 283, in check_consistent_history applied = recorder.applied_migrations() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\migrations\recorder.py", line 76, in applied_migrations if self.has_table(): File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\migrations\recorder.py", line 56, in has_table return self.Migration._meta.db_table in self.connection.introspection.table_names(self.connection.cursor()) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 260, in cursor return self._cursor() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 236, in _cursor self.ensure_connection() File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\utils\asyncio.py", line 26, in inner return func(*args, **kwargs) File "D:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\Shared\Python37_64\lib\site-packages\django\db\backends\base\base.py", line 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