doujingdai5521
2018-03-22 19:02
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PHP SimpleXMLElement xpath

I am trying to perform a simple xpath lookup using an XML file from an HTTP POST. I've been pulling my hair out, as this should work!! Everything I've found thus far is a result of the namespace, but I have no namespace in this XML.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<foo>
 <bar>
  <name>Frank</name>
 </bar>
</foo>

Here is the simple code I'm using.

$xml = new SimpleXMLElement(file_get_contents("php://input");
print_r($xml->xpath("//FOO/bar/name"));

This gives me an empty array!

Array
(
  [0] => SimpleXMLElement Object
      (
      )
)

If I just do print_r($xml->xpath("//foo")); I see it has the data, but as soon as I try to get the value of name, I get nothing. :(

Array
(
  [0] => SimpleXMLElement Object
      (
      [bar] => SimpleXMLElement Object
         (
              [name] => Frank
         )
      )
)

What is the deal?? Thank you!!

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dsyq40772 2018-03-22 19:39
    已采纳

    This gives me an empty array!

    No it doesn't. Look closely at your output, and you will see that you have an array with one result in it, which is a SimpleXMLElement object.

    Unfortunately, print_r doesn't handle SimpleXMLElement objects very well, and in some versions of PHP works better than others, so it doesn't accurately show you what SimpleXMLElement you have.

    But your production code won't be relying on print_r, it will be relying on the actual content of that element, so let's see if we can get the content:

    // Text content of an element is (string)$element
    var_dump( (string)$first_result ); # string(5) "Frank"
    // Render element back to XML
    var_dump( $first_result->asXML() ); # string(18) "<name>Frank</name>"
    

    This gives the right output in all versions of PHP on 3v4l.org. So there isn't actually a problem at all! :)

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