duanpin2034 2019-06-21 15:28
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复杂的正则表达式,用于获取字符串中花括号的数字

I need to get the number in curly braces in a complex string. Basically I am parsing some data, and I need to extract the ids that are represented in a curly braces.

Example string:

{1|{1078} {*|{1079}-}test{1|{4829}, test2 {4457}}} {*|{1078} {*|{1079}-}test3{1|{4829}, test4 {23232}}}

What I exactly need is to extract the number in curly braces that is near the pipe (|{4829}, |{1079}, |{1078}), and not any others numbers, so my end result would be something like:

4829,1079,1078

or array of this numbers, it does not matter. It should be unique values but that is not problem for me. My problem is create regex that will just extract those numbers. I have tried a lot of stuff during this day, latest one what I have tried is this:

public static function getAllAttributeIDsFromTheRule($attributeValues)
{

    preg_match_all('/{(.*?)}/', $attributeValues, $matches);
    preg_match_all('\|{\d*}', $attributeValues, $matches[1]);

    $attributeIDsWithPipe = (implode('', self::clean($matches[1])));

    $attributeIDs = explode('|', $attributeIDsWithPipe);

    var_dump($attributeIDs);

}

public static function clean($string) 
{
    $string = str_replace(' ', '-', $string);

    return preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9|\-]/', '', $string);
}   

But I am always stuck with one other character in the result.In some result I get number extra or something like that. Now, it is time to ask for help if someone knows the better approach. Much appreciated.

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  • duanping6698 2019-06-21 15:30
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    You may use a regex to match |{, some 1+ digits, and } and capture the digits inside into a capturing group, and then just access the values from the group using $matches[1]:

    if (preg_match_all('~\|\{(\d+)}~', $s, $matches)) {
        print_r($matches[1]);
    }
    

    See the regex demo and the regex graph:

    enter image description here

    PHP demo:

    $s = '{1|{1078} {*|{1079}-}test{1|{4829}, test2 {4457}}} {*|{1078} {*|{1079}-}test3{1|{4829}, test4 {23232}}}';
    if (preg_match_all('~\|\{(\d+)}~', $s, $matches)) {
        print_r(array_unique($matches[1]));
    }
    // => Array ( [0] => 1078 [1] => 1079  [2] => 4829 )
    

    NOTE: array_unique will keep unique values only in the results.

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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