dongou3158 2013-02-26 12:57
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为什么要命名返回参数?

What benefits arise from naming a function's return parameter(s)?

func namedReturn(i int) (ret int) {
    ret = i
    i += 2
    return
}

func anonReturn(i int) int {
    ret := i
    i += 2
    return ret
}
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  • douxun1407 2013-02-26 13:09
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    There are some benefits to naming them:

    • It serves as documentation.
    • They are auto-declared and initialized to the zero values.
    • If you have multiple return sites, you don't need to change them all if you change the function's return values since it will just say "return".

    There are also downsides, mainly that it's easy to accidentally shadow them by declaring a variable of the same name.


    Effective Go has a section on named result parameters:

    The return or result "parameters" of a Go function can be given names and used as regular variables, just like the incoming parameters. When named, they are initialized to the zero values for their types when the function begins; if the function executes a return statement with no arguments, the current values of the result parameters are used as the returned values.

    The names are not mandatory but they can make code shorter and clearer: they're documentation. If we name the results of nextInt it becomes obvious which returned int is which.

    func nextInt(b []byte, pos int) (value, nextPos int) {
    

    [...]

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