douqiang5933
2013-09-29 02:22
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在Golang中,如何将切片转换为数组

I am new to Go and trying to write an application that reads RPM files. The start of each block has a Magic char of [4]byte.

Here is my struct

type Lead struct {
  Magic        [4]byte
  Major, Minor byte
  Type         uint16
  Arch         uint16
  Name         string
  OS           uint16
  SigType      uint16
}

I am trying to do the following:

lead := Lead{}
lead.Magic = buffer[0:4]

I am searching online and not sure how to go from a slice to an array (without copying). I can always make the Magic []byte (or even uint64), but I was more curious on how would I go from type []byte to [4]byte if needed to?

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我是Go语言的新手,正在尝试编写一个读取RPM文件的应用程序。 每个块的开头都有一个 [4] byte 的Magic char。

这是我的结构

  type Lead struct {
 Magic [4] byte 
 Major,Minor byte 
 Type uint16  
 Arch uint16 
名称字符串
操作系统uint16 
 SigType uint16 
} 
   
 
 

我正在尝试执行以下操作:

  lead:= Lead {} 
lead.Magic = buffer [0:4] 
   
 
 

我正在在线搜索,不确定如何 从切片到数组(不复制)。 我总是可以将Magic设置为 [] byte (甚至是 uint64 ),但是我对如何从 [] byte [4] byte (如果需要)?

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5条回答 默认 最新

  • douyanti2808 2014-01-28 07:45
    已采纳

    The built in method copy will only copy a slice to a slice NOT a slice to an array.

    You must trick copy into thinking the array is a slice

    copy(varLead.Magic[:], someSlice[0:4])
    

    Or use a for loop to do the copy:

    for index, b := range someSlice {
    
        varLead.Magic[index] = b
    
    }
    

    Or do as zupa has done using literals. I have added onto their working example.

    Go Playground

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