dongyushen9063 2014-09-14 14:25
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从Golang执行Bash脚本

I am trying to figure out a way to execute a script (.sh) file from Golang. I have found a couple of easy ways to execute commands (e.g. os/exec), but what I am looking to do is to execute an entire sh file (the file sets variables etc.).

Using the standard os/exec method for this does not seem to be straightforward: both trying to input "./script.sh" and loading the content of the script into a string do not work as arguments for the exec function.

for example, this is an sh file that I want to execute from Go:

OIFS=$IFS;
IFS=",";

# fill in your details here
dbname=testDB
host=localhost:27017
collection=testCollection
exportTo=../csv/

# get comma separated list of keys. do this by peeking into the first document in the collection and get his set of keys
keys=`mongo "$host/$dbname" --eval "rs.slaveOk();var keys = []; for(var key in db.$collection.find().sort({_id: -1}).limit(1)[0]) { keys.push(key); }; keys;" --quiet`;
# now use mongoexport with the set of keys to export the collection to csv
mongoexport --host $host -d $dbname -c $collection --fields "$keys" --csv --out $exportTo$dbname.$collection.csv;

IFS=$OIFS;

from the Go program:

out, err := exec.Command(mongoToCsvSH).Output()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err)
    }
    fmt.Printf("output is %s
", out)

where mongoToCsvSH can be either the path to the sh or the actual content - both do not work.

Any ideas how to achieve this?

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  • douqi3064 2014-09-14 14:33
    关注

    For your shell script to be directly runnable you have to:

    1. Start it with #!/bin/sh (or #!/bin/bash, etc).

    2. You have to make it executable, aka chmod +x script.

    If you don't want to do that, then you will have to execute /bin/sh with the path to the script.

    cmd := exec.Command("/bin/sh", mongoToCsvSH)
    
    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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