douxiong5438 2017-10-23 17:02
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如何使用exec.Command在Golang中执行Mysql脚本

Hi i am trying to execute a script to fill data into a database using Golang

func executeTestScript(){
    cmd := exec.Command("/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql", "-h127.0.0.1", "-P3333", "-uusr", "-pPassxxx", "-Ddtb_test",  "< /Users/XXX/Documents/test/scripts/olds/SCRIPT_XXX.sql")

    var out, stderr bytes.Buffer

    cmd.Stdout = &out
    cmd.Stderr = &stderr

    err := cmd.Run()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(fmt.Sprintf("Error executing query. Command Output: %+v
: %+v, %v", out.String(), stderr.String(), err))
        log.Fatalf("Error executing query. Command Output: %+v
: %+v, %v", out.String(), stderr.String(), err)
    }
}

The problem is that i am getting the error:

ERROR 1049 (42000): Unknown database '< /Users/XXX/Documents/test/scripts/olds/SCRIPT_XXX.sql'

i think the problem is the last param (the sql script path) that the exec thinks is the dbname

The following command in the terminal is working:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql --host=127.0.0.1 --port=3333 --user=usr --password=Passxxx --database=dtb_test < /Users/XXX/Documents/roseula/scripts/olds/SCRIPT_XXX.sql

but i try to replicate in Go to automatize the execution of the script.

The script have drop tables, create tables, inserts, and PK with FK relationships its a very complete one so i cant execute line by line, because of that i decided to execute de mysql program to insert the data in the database.

Any suggestions?

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2条回答 默认 最新

  • dongziya9863 2017-10-23 17:23
    关注

    +1 to answer from @MatteoRagni for showing how to do stdin redirection in Golang.

    But here's a simple alternative that I use:

    cmd := exec.Command("/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql", "-h127.0.0.1", "-P3333", 
      "-uusr", "-pPassxxx", "-Ddtb_test",
      "-e", "source /Users/XXX/Documents/test/scripts/olds/SCRIPT_XXX.sql")
    

    You don't have to make the mysql client read the script using stdin redirection. Instead, you can make the mysql client execute a specific command, which is source <scriptname>.

    P.S.: I also would not put the host, port, user, and password in your code. That means you have to recompile your program any time you change those connection parameters. Also it's not secure to use passwords in plaintext on the command-line. Instead, I'd put all the connection parameters into a defaults file and use mysql --defaults-file=FILENAME.

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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