duanpuluan0480 2016-01-30 12:26
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如何在go中实现可比的接口?

I've recently started studying Go and faced next issue. I want to implement Comparable interface. I have next code:

type Comparable interface {
    compare(Comparable) int
}
type T struct {
    value int
}
func (item T) compare(other T) int {
    if item.value < other.value {
        return -1
    } else if item.value == other.value {
        return 0
    }
    return 1
}
func doComparison(c1, c2 Comparable) {
    fmt.Println(c1.compare(c2))
}
func main() {
    doComparison(T{1}, T{2})
}

So I'm getting error

cannot use T literal (type T) as type Comparable in argument to doComparison:
    T does not implement Comparable (wrong type for compare method)
        have compare(T) int
        want compare(Comparable) int

And I guess I understand the problem that T doesn't implement Comparable because compare method take as a parameter T but not Comparable.

Maybe I missed something or didn't understand but is it possible to do such thing?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dongmufen8105 2016-01-30 12:44
    关注

    Your Interface demands a method

    compare(Comparable) int

    but you have implemented

    func (item T) compare(other T) int { (other T instead of other Comparable)

    you should do something like this:

    func (item T) compare(other Comparable) int {
        otherT, ok := other.(T) //  getting  the instance of T via type assertion.
        if !ok{
            //handle error (other was not of type T)
        }
        if item.value < otherT.value {
            return -1
        } else if item.value == otherT.value {
            return 0
        }
        return 1
    }
    
    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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