dongxia026531 2016-05-12 18:52
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golang:如何处理索引超出范围错误?

I am writing a CLI interface program in Go.my program requires a user to enter a filename as an argument . following is the code I wrote to handle the situations in which user doesn't enter any argument . but it panics and gives an error "index out of range".how do I handle this?

  package main

import (
    "encoding/hex"
    "fmt"
    "io/ioutil"
    "log"
    "os"
)

func main() {
    if len(os.Args) == 0 {
        fmt.Println("usage: gohex  <filename>")

        os.Exit(1)
    } else {
        filename := os.Args[1]

        data, err := ioutil.ReadFile(filename)
        if err != nil {
            log.Fatal(err)
        }
        fmt.Println(hex.Dump(data))
    }

}
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1条回答 默认 最新

  • douwen5924 2016-05-12 19:11
    关注

    Your problem relies in this line:

    if len(os.Args) == 0
    

    You are checking for the first argument which as you supposed should be the filename, but in fact is the go / executable filename. So if you wish to check if an argument has been provided you need to check that the argument length is greater than 1. Change the code to:

    if len(os.Args) <= 1 {
        log.Fatal("usage: gohex  <filename>")
    }
    
    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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