dongshenling6585
2018-05-16 09:16
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在Golang中执行json解组时为空字段

I have written this piece of code. I can't figure out why it is giving empty fields when i run it. I have tried Uppercase variables. Still doesn't work.

package main

import (
        "encoding/json"
        "fmt"
)

type FirstName struct {
        Name1 string
}
type SecondName struct {
        Name2 string
}
type Person struct {
        Details     FirstName
        MoreDetails SecondName
}

func main() {
        var someGuy Person
        var data = []byte(`{"details": {"firstName": "alan"}, "moreDetails": {"surName": "Turing"}}`)
        json.Unmarshal(data, &someGuy)
        fmt.Println(someGuy)
}
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1条回答 默认 最新

  • douzongmu2543 2018-05-16 09:22
    已采纳

    Your JSON to Go mapping is incorrect. To have automatic matching between struct fields and the JSON properties during the unmarshaling process, the field names (and not the name of their types) must match the properties in JSON (in a case in-sensitive manner):

    type FirstName struct {
        FirstName string
    }
    type SecondName struct {
        SurName string
    }
    type Person struct {
        Details     FirstName
        MoreDetails SecondName
    }
    

    With this, the output is (try it on the Go Playground):

    {{alan} {Turing}}
    

    If you want to keep those names in Go, another option is to provide a mapping between Go struct fields and JSON property names. For this you may use struct tags:

    type FirstName struct {
        Name1 string `json:"firstName"`
    }
    type SecondName struct {
        Name2 string `json:"surName"`
    }
    

    Output will be the same. Try this one on the Go Playground.

    For an introduction and more details about struct tags, see What are the use(s) for tags in Go?

    已采纳该答案
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