douyun8674
2017-01-16 05:47
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在Golang中获取公共IP

How do we get public IP in golang? Method req.Header.Get("X-Forwarded-For") returns array of IPs. How do we identify which one is public and which on internal? Is there any other method to fetch public(external) IP?

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我们如何在golang中获得公共IP? 方法 req.Header.Get(“ X-Forwarded-For”)返回IP数组。 我们如何确定哪个是公开的,哪个是内部的? 还有其他获取公共(外部)IP的方法吗?

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  • dousaoxiancy199896 2017-01-16 06:26
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    The following IP blocks are reserved for private IP addresses.

    Class        Starting IPAddress    Ending IP Address    # of Hosts
    A            10.0.0.0              10.255.255.255       16,777,216
    B            172.16.0.0            172.31.255.255       1,048,576
    C            192.168.0.0           192.168.255.255      65,536
    Link-local-u 169.254.0.0           169.254.255.255      65,536
    Link-local-m 224.0.0.0             224.0.0.255          256
    Local        127.0.0.0             127.255.255.255      16777216
    

    You may write a function that checks for if the ip comes under these

    Here is an attempt to do the same,the code below is not handling ipv6 please add if needed

    func IsPublicIP(IP net.IP) bool {
        if IP.IsLoopback() || IP.IsLinkLocalMulticast() || IP.IsLinkLocalUnicast() {
            return false
        }
        if ip4 := IP.To4(); ip4 != nil {
            switch {
            case ip4[0] == 10:
                return false
            case ip4[0] == 172 && ip4[1] >= 16 && ip4[1] <= 31:
                return false
            case ip4[0] == 192 && ip4[1] == 168:
                return false
            default:
                return true
            }
        }
        return false
    }
    

    Here is play link

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