dqef7931
dqef7931
2018-05-13 16:06

使用go-serial从arduino串行端口读取

已采纳

I have arduino uno with simple firmware which provides simple API over serial port:

  • Command "read" returns the current state
  • Command "on" sets the state to "on"
  • Command "off" sets the state to "off"

Now I want to implement a client for this device. If I use Arduino IDE serial monitor, this API works as expected. If I use python with pySerial library, API works.

But whenever I try to read data from the serial port using golang and go-serial, my read calls hangs (but works fine with /dev/pts/X created by socat, for example)

Python client

import serial
s = serial.Serial("/dev/ttyACM0")
s.write("read
")
resp = []
char = None
while char != "":
    char = s.read()
    resp.append(char)
print "".join(resp)

Go client (hangs on Read call forever): package main

import "fmt"
import "github.com/jacobsa/go-serial/serial"

func check(err error) {
    if err != nil {
        panic(err.Error())
    }
}

func main() {
    options := serial.OpenOptions{
        PortName:        "/dev/ttyACM0",
        BaudRate:        19200,
        DataBits:        8,
        StopBits:        1,
        MinimumReadSize: 4,
    }
    port, err := serial.Open(options)
    check(err)
    n, err := port.Write([]byte("read
"))
    check(err)
    fmt.Println("Written", n)
    buf := make([]byte, 100)
    n, err = port.Read(buf)
    check(err)
    fmt.Println("Readen", n)
    fmt.Println(string(buf))
}

Firmware code:

String inputString = "";         // a String to hold incoming data
boolean stringComplete = false;  // whether the string is complete
String state = "off";

void setup() {
    // initialize serial:
    Serial.begin(9600);
    // reserve 200 bytes for the inputString:
    inputString.reserve(200);
    pinMode(13, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
    // print the string when a newline arrives:
    if (stringComplete) {
        blink();
        if (inputString == "on
") {
        state = "on";  
        } else if (inputString == "off
") {
        state = "off";  
        } else if (inputString == "read
") {
        Serial.println(state  );  
        }
        // clear the string:
        inputString = "";
        stringComplete = false;
    }
}


void blink() {
    digitalWrite(13, HIGH);   // set the LED on
    delay(1000);              // wait for a second
    digitalWrite(13, LOW);    // set the LED off
    delay(1000);              // wait for a second
}

void serialEvent() {
    while (Serial.available()) {
        // get the new byte:
        char inChar = (char)Serial.read();
        // add it to the inputString:
        inputString += inChar;
        // if the incoming character is a newline, set a flag so the main loop can
        // do something about it:
        if (inChar == '
') {
        stringComplete = true;
        }
    }
}

Python code

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1条回答

  • dongxian3852 dongxian3852 3年前

    You have set the baud rate for the Go lang function to 19200, but in the arduino you have used 9600.

    In the python code, the baud rate is not set, so it takes the default of 9600.

    Just set the right baud rate in your go lang program, and it should work.

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