Php如何实现base64加密数据和java互通

现在需要对接对方的java平台,有个接口用到了图片数据的传输,需要将图片数据转换为base64编码后传输,发现使用PHP自带的base64_encode()之后,传输到对方平台,对方无法解密;

对方java使用的(new sun.misc.BASE64Encoder()).encode(data)该方法base64编码(对方不换加解密方法);

在网上搜了一圈,说PHP的Base64编码和java的这一个编码结果无法一致,请各位大神帮忙看看有什么解决办法。

1个回答

<?php
/**
 * Base64 编码/解码
 * @author liruixing
 */
class Base64{
    private $_base64hash = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/'; /*这是Base64编码使用的标准字典*/
    private $_DecodeTable = array( /* 这是php源码中使用的解码表,包含了256个字符对应的编码 */
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -1, -1, -2, -2, -1, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -1, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, 62, -2, -2, -2, 63,
        52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2,  0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
        15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40,
        41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2,
        -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2, -2
    );
    private $_encode_data = 0xfc0000;
    private $_debug       = false;
    private $_encode_result = '';
    public function encode($str) {
        $len = strlen($str);
        $num = 0;
        $bin = 0;
        $arr = array();
        if($len >= 3) {
            for($i=0;$i<$len;$i++) {
                $bin = $bin << 8;
                if($this->_debug) {
                    echo '$bin = ',decbin($bin),"\n";
                    echo 'binary = ', decbin(ord($str[$i])),"\n";
                }
                $bin = $bin | ord($str{$i});
                if(($i+1)%3 == 0) {
                    $this->_encode_func($bin,3);
                    $bin = 0;
                }
            }
        }
        if($len%3 == 1) {
            $bin = ord($str[$len-1]);
            $bin = $bin << 4;
            $this->_encode_func($bin,1);
            $this->_encode_result .= '==';
        } else if($len%3 == 2) {
            $bin = ord($str[$len-2]);
            $bin = $bin << 8;
            $bin = $bin | ord($str[$len-1]);
            $bin = $bin << 2;
            $this->_encode_func($bin,2);
            $this->_encode_result .= '=';
        }
        return $this->_encode_result;
    }
    private function _encode_func($bin,$bytes = 3) {
        $num = 3;
        $matches = 0;
        $bits1 = ($num - $bytes) * 6;
        $bits2 = $bytes * 6;
        $matches = $this->_encode_data >> $bits1;
        while( $matches ) {
            $result = $bin & $matches;
            $result = $result >> $bits2;
            $bytes--;
            $bits1 = ($num - $bytes) * 6;
            $bits2 = $bytes * 6;
            $matches = $this->_encode_data >> $bits1;
            if($this->_debug) {
                echo '$result = ',$result,' binary = ',decbin($result),"\n";
            }
            $this->_encode_result .= $this->_base64hash[$result];
        }
    }
    public function decode($str) {
        $bin = 0;
        $length = strlen($str)-1;
        $_decode_result = '';
        $len = 0;
        $i = 0;
        while( ($len <= $length) ) {
            $ch = $str[$len++];
            if ($ch == '=') { // 当前一个字符是“=”号
                /*
                先说明一个概念:在解码时,4个字符为一组进行一轮字符匹配。
                    如果某一轮匹配的第二个是“=”且第三个字符不是“=”,说明这个带解析字符串不合法,直接返回空
                */
                if ($str[$len] != '=' && (($i % 4) == 1)) {
                    return NULL;
                }
                continue;
            }
            $ch = $this->_DecodeTable[ord($ch)];
            // 下面这连个条件,只有 ch < 0 会起作用,ch == -2 永远不会起作用,即所有不合法的字符均跳过。
            if ($ch < 0 || $ch == -1) { /* a space or some other separator character, we simply skip over */
                continue;
            } else if ($ch == -2) {
                return NULL;
            }
            switch($i % 4) {
                case 0:
                    $bin = intval($ch) << 2;
                    break;
                case 1:
                    $bin = intval($bin) | intval($ch) >> 4;
                    $_decode_result .= chr($bin);
                    $bin = ( intval($ch) & 0x0f ) << 4;
                    break;
                case 2:
                    $bin = intval($bin) | intval($ch) >> 2;
                    $_decode_result .= chr($bin);
                    $bin = ( intval($ch) & 0x03 ) << 6;
                    break;
                case 3:
                    $bin = intval($bin) | intval($ch);
                    $_decode_result .= chr($bin);
                    break;
            }
            $i++;
        }
        return $_decode_result;
    }
    public function debug($open = true) {
        $this->_debug = $open;
    }
}
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