duanjing3656 2010-12-28 12:04
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如何知道php脚本是否通过require_once()调用?

My webapp has a buch of modules. Each module has a 'main' php script which loads submodules based on a query sent to the main module:

//file: clientes.php

//check for valid user...
//import CSS and JS...

switch( $_GET["action"] )
{
    case "lista" :          require_once("clientes.lista.php"); break;
    case "listaDeudores" :  require_once("clientes.listaDeudores.php"); break;
    case "nuevo" :          require_once("clientes.nuevo.php"); break;
    case "detalles" :       require_once("clientes.detalles.php"); break;
    case "editar" :         require_once("clientes.editar.php"); break;         
    default : echo "<h1>Error</h1><p>El sitio ha encontrado un error.</p>";
} 

This main module deals with security and imports many resources all submodules need. The big problem shows up when a user asks for any of the submodules, bypassing all the security measures on the main module! My idea was to add a line on every submodule to test if it was being called directly and deny access or if its been called via another script, and continue. The least thing I would like to do is redo the security checking on every single file, since it does a bunch of query's to the database.

Does a php script know if its been called via a require_once() or a direct call ? I've been trying to implement some sort of $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] and $_SERVER['PHP_SELF'] pitfall but I was wondering if there was some sort of an elegant way of doing this.

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  • dsms21398 2010-12-28 12:14
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    One elegant way is putting all your files which should only be accessed via include outside the web directory.

    Say your web directory is /foo/www/, make an include directory /foo/includes and set this in your include_path:

    $root = '/foo';
    $webroot = $root.'/www'; // in case you need it on day
    $lib = $root.'/includes';
    // this add your library at the end of the current include_path
    set_include_path(get_include_path() . PATH_SEPARATOR . $lib); 
    

    Then nobody will be able to access your libraries directly.

    There's a lot of other things you could do (test a global variable is set, use only classes in libraries, etc) but this one is the most secure one. Every file which is not in your DocumentRoot cannot be accessed via an url,. But that does not mean PHP cannot get access to this file (check as well your open_basedir configuration if you have it not empty, to allow your include dir in it).

    The only file you really need in your web directory is what we call the bootstrap (index.php), with a nice rewrite rule or a nice url managment you can limit all your requests on the application to this file, this will be a good starting point for security.

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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