dongmin3754
dongmin3754
2011-01-21 16:47

为什么php的file_get_contents错误地从xkcd中检索json文件?

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In writing a PHP script to download xkcd comics, i incurred errors when trying to get specific comics (as opposed to the latest one). Specifically, pointing file_get_contents at the following url:

xkcd.com/$COMIC_NUM/info.0.json

inexplicably retrieved the xhtml version of the comic's page on xkcd.com, and not a JSON file. However, if i request the exact same url in my browser, the correct JSON file is downloaded. I'm not sure why this is happening, but i suspect it has something to do with the request headers being sent.

Please help! :S

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2条回答

  • drnysdnnb2909701 drnysdnnb2909701 10年前

    Whilst I it personally works perfectly with file_get_contents for me, you could try using cURL as follows (if you have it available) as this would be a more robust solution:

    <?php
        $COMIC_NUM = 849;
    
        $curlSession = curl_init();
        curl_setopt($curlSession, CURLOPT_URL, '"http://xkcd.com/'.$COMIC_NUM.'/info.0.json');
        curl_setopt($curlSession, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER, true);
        curl_setopt($curlSession, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
        $jsonData = curl_exec($curlSession);
        curl_close($curlSession);
    
        echo($jsonData);
    ?>
    
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  • duanlanzhi5509 duanlanzhi5509 10年前

    Works fine for me. Maybe $COMIC_NUM isn't set properly?

    php > echo file_get_contents('http://xkcd.com/847/info.0.json');
    {"img": "http://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/stingray_nebula.png", "title": "Stingray Nebula", "month": "1", "num": 847, "link": "", "year": "2011", "news": "", "safe_title": "Stingray Nebula", "transcript": "[[Two white figures are silhouetted against a dark sky.  They're sitting on top of a grassy hill.]]
    Person: I know things are tough right now.  When I was going through some difficult times as a kid, I would go up on the roof and look through my telescope.
    
    Person: One day I found a tiny star in Ara that seemed friendly.
    Person: There were millions like it, but I decided that this one was mine.
    
    Person: When things got bad, I'd go find that star, and think of my favorite Tolkien quote.  It's from Sam's time in Mordor.
    
    ((The next panel is diagonally downward to the right of the previous.  The upper left corner overlaps.))
    [[A star is above the highest peak in a chain of mountains.]]
    \"There, peeping among the cloud-wrack above a dark tor high up in the mountains, Sam saw a white star twinkle for a while.  The beauty of it smote his heart, as he looked up out of the forsaken land, and hope returned to him.  For like a shaft, clear and cold, the thought pierced him that in the end the shadow was only a small and passing thing: There was light and high beauty forever beyond its reach.\"
    - The Return of the King
    
    Companion: That's comforting!
    Person: It was rather undercut in 1987, when the light from my star's explosion reached Earth.  The debris forms the Stingray Nebula.
    
    Companion: There's probably a lesson there.
    Person: \"Never trust an unstable asymptotic giant branch star.  Stick with main sequences and dwarfs.\"
    Companion: I'll, uh, keep that in mind.
    
    {{Title text: E\u00c3\u00a4rendil will patrol the walls of night only until the sun reaches red giant stage, engulfing the Morning Star on his brow. Light and high beauty are passing things as well.}}", "alt": "E\u00c3\u00a4rendil will patrol the walls of night only until the sun reaches red giant stage, engulfing the Morning Star on his brow. Light and high beauty are passing things as well.", "day": "14"}
    
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