dongtan9518
2017-03-10 06:33
浏览 30
已采纳

区分PHP XPath中的相同节点名称

I am using PHP DOM XPath to read XML. XML is having following structure where I got stuck

<details>
    <name>name1</name>
    <address>address1</address>
</details>
<details>
    <name>name2</name>
    <mobile>mobileNum</mobile>
    <address>address2</address>
</details>

I have array like

  array(
        'name',
        'mobile',
        'address'
    ); 

I use this array and read values from XML and store that values in other array but in the first record mobile number is not present so it read mobile no from second record and inserts it in first record.

Expected output is

array
(

    [0] => array(

                'person_name' = name1,
                'address' = address1
                )
    [1] => array(

                'person_name' = name1,
                'mobile_no' = mobileNum
                'address' = address1
                )
)

But I get output as

array
(

    [0] => array(

                'person_name' = name1,
                'mobile_no' = mobileNum
                'address' = address1
                )
    [1] => array(

                'person_name' = name1,
                'address' = address1
                )
)

How can I differentiate values between two nodes with same name.

Code to read XML is

$nodes = array
(
    'person_name' => 'name',
    'mobile_no'   => 'mobile',
    'address'     => 'address'
)

$final_data = array();

$node_values = '';

foreach($nodes as $key => $data)
{   
    $node_values = $xml->xpath('//details'.$data); 

    $node_values = json_decode(json_encode((array)$node_values), TRUE);

    if(!empty($node_values))    
    {   
        $i = 0;

        foreach($node_values as $d)
        {
            $final_data[$i][$key] = trim($d[0]);

            $i++;
        }
    }
}
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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dongmu4591 2017-03-10 11:40
    已采纳

    Here's a working example with comments explaining how it works:

    https://3v4l.org/ICO5i

    <?php
    
    // First of all, I've added <root> element to your XML document,
    // because otherwise it's invalid. 
    // But it's not important for the rest of the code.
    //
    // Also I've added additional <somethingelse> tag to show that filtering is working
    $xmlString = '<root><details>
        <name>name1</name>
        <address>address1</address>
    </details>
    <details>
        <name>name2</name>
        <mobile>mobileNum</mobile>
        <address>address2</address>
        <somethingelse>This will be filtered</somethingelse>
    </details></root>';
    
    
    $xml = new SimpleXMLElement($xmlString);
    //array_flip to get node names as keys for later foreach loop
    $nodes = array_flip(array
    (
        'person_name' => 'name',
        'mobile_no'   => 'mobile',
        'address'     => 'address',
    ));
    
    $final_data = array();
    
    //Here are all <details> sections' data in array.
    $node_values = $xml->xpath('//details'); 
    $node_values = json_decode(json_encode((array)$node_values), TRUE);
    
    //this loop filters XML data from keys not existing in $nodes,
    // which are the only that you want to keep
    foreach($node_values as $node) {
        $final_data[] = array_intersect_key($node, $nodes);
    }
    
    var_dump($final_data);
    

    I assumed, that you want to filter XML data that it's not listed in $nodes array. Otherwise, if you don't mind having more data than you need, you could just skip the foreach loop and use $node_values as your final data.

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