2017-10-18 08:26

Docker php:fpm-install php扩展


I am using the official php:fpm docker image as base for my application container, so the Dockerfile starts like so:

FROM php:fpm

Later in the file I would like to have something like that:

RUN apt-get install -y \

But that tells me:

E: Unable to locate package php7.0-gd
E: Couldn't find any package by regex 'php7.0-gd'

»Bashing« into the container using docker exec -it <name> /bin/bash and executing: apt-cache search php | grep gd yields:

php5-gdcm - Grassroots DICOM PHP5 bindings
php5-vtkgdcm - Grassroots DICOM VTK PHP bindings
php5-gd - GD module for php5

So since that is a debian (yessie) based image, only the old php5 packages are available and php7 is installed by some tricky script in the php:fpm dockerfile and it seams that all extensions are compiled within the used php executable.

How can I install more extensions in this scenario?

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  • duanniu3385 duanniu3385 4年前


    How to install more PHP extensions

    We provide the helper scripts docker-php-ext-configure, docker-php-ext-install, and docker-php-ext-enable to more easily install PHP extensions.

    To install PHP with iconv, mcrypt and GD, they provide the following example:

    FROM php:7.0-fpm
    RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \
            libfreetype6-dev \
            libjpeg62-turbo-dev \
            libmcrypt-dev \
            libpng-dev \
        && docker-php-ext-install -j$(nproc) iconv mcrypt \
        && docker-php-ext-configure gd --with-freetype-dir=/usr/include/ --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/include/ \
        && docker-php-ext-install -j$(nproc) gd

    Please refer to the Dockerhub page for more details.

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