douna2014 2015-02-02 08:42
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为什么大多数脚本语言使用较少的内存? [关闭]

I've just had a look at some programming language benchmarks here: http://benchmarksgame.alioth.debian.org/u64q/compare.php?lang=php&lang2=java

I noticed that languages like PHP, Ruby and Python were slower, but surprisingly used less memory than Java in most benchmarks. What is the reason for that?

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  • dqypcghd381390 2015-02-02 08:55
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    When you use Oracle Java the Java programs are not compiled to native machine code which can immediately be executed by the CPU, but to an intermediate form called "java byte code".

    The Java environment which executes this java byte code include a sophisticated compiler which can generate very good native machine code as it keep track of what the program actually do, and where it makes good sense to spend a lot of effort optimizing the machine code. Unfortunately all this bookkeeping takes up memory and the compiler itself also does, along with the rest of the Java environment. Also the garbage collection mechanisms cleaning up unneeded objects also needs additional memory to work well (i.e. fast).

    All this result in Java programs needing a lot of memory even for small programs.

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