doutong1890 2019-06-14 22:08
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使用Docker Go客户端并行构建Docker映像

I'm using Docker's Go client to build my projects. This post highlights how to do that with the Go client. I'm calling ImageBuild on three of my Dockerfiles (1.Dockerfile, 2.Dockerfile, and 3.Dockerfile) as a test. Here is my code:

func GetContext(filePath string) io.Reader {
    // Use homedir.Expand to resolve paths like '~/repos/myrepo'
    filePath, _ = homedir.Expand(filePath)
    ctx, err := archive.TarWithOptions(filePath, &archive.TarOptions{})
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }

    return ctx
}

func testImageBuild() {
    ctx := context.Background()
    cli, err := client.NewEnvClient()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(err, " :unable to init client")
    }

    var wg sync.WaitGroup
    for i := 0; i < 3; i++ {
        wg.Add(1)
        go func(i int) {
            defer wg.Done()
            dockerFile := fmt.Sprintf("%d.Dockerfile", i)
            imageBuildResponse, err := cli.ImageBuild(
                ctx,
                GetContext("."),
                types.ImageBuildOptions{
                    Dockerfile: dockerFile,
                    Tags:       []string{fmt.Sprintf("devbuild_%d", i)},
                })
            if err != nil {
                log.Fatal(err, " :unable to build docker image"+string(1))
            }
            defer imageBuildResponse.Body.Close()
            _, err = io.Copy(os.Stdout, imageBuildResponse.Body)
            if err != nil {
                log.Fatal(err, " :unable to read image build response "+string(1))
            }
        }(i)
    }
    wg.Wait()
}

func main() {
    testImageBuild()
}

GetContext is used to tar the directory path as a context for Docker. testImageBuild spins off three different goroutines to build the three different images.

My question is: When I run this, the output to stdout is always the same and seems deterministic, which makes me think that the images aren't actually been built in parallel. I'm not familiar with how docker build its images, and it seems entirely possible that this approach is simply sending requests to docker server in parallel rather than actually building in parallel. Is this true? If so, how can I build my projects in parallel?

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1条回答 默认 最新

  • dongpu9852 2019-06-17 05:27
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    If I understand your question correctly, you have a docker-machine on which you want to build the images concurrently using your GO program.

    I tried to do the same thing with Dockerfiles which have the same image being built, and per my understanding, all of them were build concurrently.

    Here is the go package that I used to replicate the scenario - https://github.com/nihanthd/stackoverflow/tree/master/docker

    Now in your case if you were using 3 different docker files, then certainly they would have different build times, that means the output would be seem to be deterministic

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
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