duanhuayong6687 2012-05-07 07:57
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关键字在php中的闭包中使用了什么

I found code like this and can't find what it does

$callback = function ($pricePerItem) use ($tax, &$total) {
    $total += $pricePerItem * ($tax + 1.0);
};

php documentation only say

The 'use' keyword also applies to closure constructs:

but no explanation what it actually does.

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  • du958642589 2012-05-07 07:58
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    It controls the scope. In this case, the variables $tax and $total are declared outside of the anonymous function. Because they are listed in the use-clause, they are accessible from within.

    The ampersand makes the variable fully shared - e.g. changes made within the closure will reflect in the outer scope. In the case of $tax, the variable is a copy, so can't be changed from within the closure.

    Most other languages with support for anonymous functions would just per default have lexical scope, but since PHP already have other scoping rules, this would create all sorts of weird situations, breaking backwards compatibility. As a resort, this - rather awkward - solution was put in place.

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