小行星坠落578 2022-01-18 13:01 采纳率: 25%
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已结题

plotly制作绘图报错ValueError

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "E:/bilibili视频排行榜数据可视化/视频投币数量/main.py", line 48, in
offline.plot(fig,filename='result.html')
File "E:\python\lib\site-packages\plotly\offline\offline.py", line 573, in plot
figure = tools.return_figure_from_figure_or_data(figure_or_data, validate)
File "E:python\lib\site-packages\plotly\tools.py", line 553, in return_figure_from_figure_or_data
figure = Figure(**figure).to_dict()
File "E:python\lib\site-packages\plotly\graph_objs_figure.py", line 594, in init
super(Figure, self).init(data, layout, frames, skip_invalid, **kwargs)
File "E:python\lib\site-packages\plotly\basedatatypes.py", line 560, in init
layout, skip_invalid=skip_invalid, _validate=self._validate
File "E::\python\lib\site-packages_plotly_utils\basevalidators.py", line 2476, in validate_coerce
self.raise_invalid_val(v)
File "E:\python\lib\site-packages_plotly_utils\basevalidators.py", line 299, in raise_invalid_val
valid_clr_desc=self.description(),
ValueError:
Invalid value of type 'builtins.list' received for the 'layout' property of
Received value: [{'title': 'B站动画分区视频排行榜上硬币最多的视频', 'titlefont': {'size': 28}, 'xaxis': {'title': '视频名称', 'titlefont': {'size': 24}, 'tickfont': {'size': 14}}, 'yaxis': {'title': '硬币', 'titlefont': {'size': 24}, 'tickfont': {'size': 14}}}]

The 'layout' property is an instance of Layout
that may be specified as:
  - An instance of :class:`plotly.graph_objs.Layout`
  - A dict of string/value properties that will be passed
    to the Layout constructor

    Supported dict properties:
        
        activeshape
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Activeshape
            ` instance or dict with compatible properties
        annotations
            A tuple of
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Annotation`
            instances or dicts with compatible properties
        annotationdefaults
            When used in a template (as
            layout.template.layout.annotationdefaults),
            sets the default property values to use for
            elements of layout.annotations
        autosize
            Determines whether or not a layout width or
            height that has been left undefined by the user
            is initialized on each relayout. Note that,
            regardless of this attribute, an undefined
            layout width or height is always initialized on
            the first call to plot.
        autotypenumbers
            Using "strict" a numeric string in trace data
            is not converted to a number. Using *convert
            types* a numeric string in trace data may be
            treated as a number during automatic axis
            `type` detection. This is the default value;
            however it could be overridden for individual
            axes.
        bargap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between bars of
            adjacent location coordinates.
        bargroupgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between bars of
            the same location coordinate.
        barmode
            Determines how bars at the same location
            coordinate are displayed on the graph. With
            "stack", the bars are stacked on top of one
            another With "relative", the bars are stacked
            on top of one another, with negative values
            below the axis, positive values above With
            "group", the bars are plotted next to one
            another centered around the shared location.
            With "overlay", the bars are plotted over one
            another, you might need to an "opacity" to see
            multiple bars.
        barnorm
            Sets the normalization for bar traces on the
            graph. With "fraction", the value of each bar
            is divided by the sum of all values at that
            location coordinate. "percent" is the same but
            multiplied by 100 to show percentages.
        boxgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between boxes
            of adjacent location coordinates. Has no effect
            on traces that have "width" set.
        boxgroupgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between boxes
            of the same location coordinate. Has no effect
            on traces that have "width" set.
        boxmode
            Determines how boxes at the same location
            coordinate are displayed on the graph. If
            "group", the boxes are plotted next to one
            another centered around the shared location. If
            "overlay", the boxes are plotted over one
            another, you might need to set "opacity" to see
            them multiple boxes. Has no effect on traces
            that have "width" set.
        calendar
            Sets the default calendar system to use for
            interpreting and displaying dates throughout
            the plot.
        clickmode
            Determines the mode of single click
            interactions. "event" is the default value and
            emits the `plotly_click` event. In addition
            this mode emits the `plotly_selected` event in
            drag modes "lasso" and "select", but with no
            event data attached (kept for compatibility
            reasons). The "select" flag enables selecting
            single data points via click. This mode also
            supports persistent selections, meaning that
            pressing Shift while clicking, adds to /
            subtracts from an existing selection. "select"
            with `hovermode`: "x" can be confusing,
            consider explicitly setting `hovermode`:
            "closest" when using this feature. Selection
            events are sent accordingly as long as "event"
            flag is set as well. When the "event" flag is
            missing, `plotly_click` and `plotly_selected`
            events are not fired.
        coloraxis
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Coloraxis`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        colorscale
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Colorscale`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        colorway
            Sets the default trace colors.
        computed
            Placeholder for exporting automargin-impacting
            values namely `margin.t`, `margin.b`,
            `margin.l` and `margin.r` in "full-json" mode.
        datarevision
            If provided, a changed value tells
            `Plotly.react` that one or more data arrays has
            changed. This way you can modify arrays in-
            place rather than making a complete new copy
            for an incremental change. If NOT provided,
            `Plotly.react` assumes that data arrays are
            being treated as immutable, thus any data array
            with a different identity from its predecessor
            contains new data.
        dragmode
            Determines the mode of drag interactions.
            "select" and "lasso" apply only to scatter
            traces with markers or text. "orbit" and
            "turntable" apply only to 3D scenes.
        editrevision
            Controls persistence of user-driven changes in
            `editable: true` configuration, other than
            trace names and axis titles. Defaults to
            `layout.uirevision`.
        extendfunnelareacolors
            If `true`, the funnelarea slice colors (whether
            given by `funnelareacolorway` or inherited from
            `colorway`) will be extended to three times its
            original length by first repeating every color
            20% lighter then each color 20% darker. This is
            intended to reduce the likelihood of reusing
            the same color when you have many slices, but
            you can set `false` to disable. Colors provided
            in the trace, using `marker.colors`, are never
            extended.
        extendiciclecolors
            If `true`, the icicle slice colors (whether
            given by `iciclecolorway` or inherited from
            `colorway`) will be extended to three times its
            original length by first repeating every color
            20% lighter then each color 20% darker. This is
            intended to reduce the likelihood of reusing
            the same color when you have many slices, but
            you can set `false` to disable. Colors provided
            in the trace, using `marker.colors`, are never
            extended.
        extendpiecolors
            If `true`, the pie slice colors (whether given
            by `piecolorway` or inherited from `colorway`)
            will be extended to three times its original
            length by first repeating every color 20%
            lighter then each color 20% darker. This is
            intended to reduce the likelihood of reusing
            the same color when you have many slices, but
            you can set `false` to disable. Colors provided
            in the trace, using `marker.colors`, are never
            extended.
        extendsunburstcolors
            If `true`, the sunburst slice colors (whether
            given by `sunburstcolorway` or inherited from
            `colorway`) will be extended to three times its
            original length by first repeating every color
            20% lighter then each color 20% darker. This is
            intended to reduce the likelihood of reusing
            the same color when you have many slices, but
            you can set `false` to disable. Colors provided
            in the trace, using `marker.colors`, are never
            extended.
        extendtreemapcolors
            If `true`, the treemap slice colors (whether
            given by `treemapcolorway` or inherited from
            `colorway`) will be extended to three times its
            original length by first repeating every color
            20% lighter then each color 20% darker. This is
            intended to reduce the likelihood of reusing
            the same color when you have many slices, but
            you can set `false` to disable. Colors provided
            in the trace, using `marker.colors`, are never
            extended.
        font
            Sets the global font. Note that fonts used in
            traces and other layout components inherit from
            the global font.
        funnelareacolorway
            Sets the default funnelarea slice colors.
            Defaults to the main `colorway` used for trace
            colors. If you specify a new list here it can
            still be extended with lighter and darker
            colors, see `extendfunnelareacolors`.
        funnelgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between bars of
            adjacent location coordinates.
        funnelgroupgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between bars of
            the same location coordinate.
        funnelmode
            Determines how bars at the same location
            coordinate are displayed on the graph. With
            "stack", the bars are stacked on top of one
            another With "group", the bars are plotted next
            to one another centered around the shared
            location. With "overlay", the bars are plotted
            over one another, you might need to an
            "opacity" to see multiple bars.
        geo
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Geo`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        grid
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Grid`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        height
            Sets the plot's height (in px).
        hiddenlabels
            hiddenlabels is the funnelarea & pie chart
            analog of visible:'legendonly' but it can
            contain many labels, and can simultaneously
            hide slices from several pies/funnelarea charts
        hiddenlabelssrc
            Sets the source reference on Chart Studio Cloud
            for `hiddenlabels`.
        hidesources
            Determines whether or not a text link citing
            the data source is placed at the bottom-right
            cored of the figure. Has only an effect only on
            graphs that have been generated via forked
            graphs from the Chart Studio Cloud (at
            https://chart-studio.plotly.com or on-premise).
        hoverdistance
            Sets the default distance (in pixels) to look
            for data to add hover labels (-1 means no
            cutoff, 0 means no looking for data). This is
            only a real distance for hovering on point-like
            objects, like scatter points. For area-like
            objects (bars, scatter fills, etc) hovering is
            on inside the area and off outside, but these
            objects will not supersede hover on point-like
            objects in case of conflict.
        hoverlabel
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Hoverlabel`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        hovermode
            Determines the mode of hover interactions. If
            "closest", a single hoverlabel will appear for
            the "closest" point within the `hoverdistance`.
            If "x" (or "y"), multiple hoverlabels will
            appear for multiple points at the "closest" x-
            (or y-) coordinate within the `hoverdistance`,
            with the caveat that no more than one
            hoverlabel will appear per trace. If *x
            unified* (or *y unified*), a single hoverlabel
            will appear multiple points at the closest x-
            (or y-) coordinate within the `hoverdistance`
            with the caveat that no more than one
            hoverlabel will appear per trace. In this mode,
            spikelines are enabled by default perpendicular
            to the specified axis. If false, hover
            interactions are disabled.
        iciclecolorway
            Sets the default icicle slice colors. Defaults
            to the main `colorway` used for trace colors.
            If you specify a new list here it can still be
            extended with lighter and darker colors, see
            `extendiciclecolors`.
        images
            A tuple of
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Image`
            instances or dicts with compatible properties
        imagedefaults
            When used in a template (as
            layout.template.layout.imagedefaults), sets the
            default property values to use for elements of
            layout.images
        legend
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Legend`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        mapbox
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Mapbox`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        margin
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Margin`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        meta
            Assigns extra meta information that can be used
            in various `text` attributes. Attributes such
            as the graph, axis and colorbar `title.text`,
            annotation `text` `trace.name` in legend items,
            `rangeselector`, `updatemenus` and `sliders`
            `label` text all support `meta`. One can access
            `meta` fields using template strings:
            `%{meta[i]}` where `i` is the index of the
            `meta` item in question. `meta` can also be an
            object for example `{key: value}` which can be
            accessed %{meta[key]}.
        metasrc
            Sets the source reference on Chart Studio Cloud
            for `meta`.
        modebar
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Modebar`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        newshape
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Newshape`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        paper_bgcolor
            Sets the background color of the paper where
            the graph is drawn.
        piecolorway
            Sets the default pie slice colors. Defaults to
            the main `colorway` used for trace colors. If
            you specify a new list here it can still be
            extended with lighter and darker colors, see
            `extendpiecolors`.
        plot_bgcolor
            Sets the background color of the plotting area
            in-between x and y axes.
        polar
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Polar`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        scene
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Scene`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        selectdirection
            When `dragmode` is set to "select", this limits
            the selection of the drag to horizontal,
            vertical or diagonal. "h" only allows
            horizontal selection, "v" only vertical, "d"
            only diagonal and "any" sets no limit.
        selectionrevision
            Controls persistence of user-driven changes in
            selected points from all traces.
        separators
            Sets the decimal and thousand separators. For
            example, *. * puts a '.' before decimals and a
            space between thousands. In English locales,
            dflt is ".," but other locales may alter this
            default.
        shapes
            A tuple of
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Shape`
            instances or dicts with compatible properties
        shapedefaults
            When used in a template (as
            layout.template.layout.shapedefaults), sets the
            default property values to use for elements of
            layout.shapes
        showlegend
            Determines whether or not a legend is drawn.
            Default is `true` if there is a trace to show
            and any of these: a) Two or more traces would
            by default be shown in the legend. b) One pie
            trace is shown in the legend. c) One trace is
            explicitly given with `showlegend: true`.
        sliders
            A tuple of
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Slider`
            instances or dicts with compatible properties
        sliderdefaults
            When used in a template (as
            layout.template.layout.sliderdefaults), sets
            the default property values to use for elements
            of layout.sliders
        smith
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Smith`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        spikedistance
            Sets the default distance (in pixels) to look
            for data to draw spikelines to (-1 means no
            cutoff, 0 means no looking for data). As with
            hoverdistance, distance does not apply to area-
            like objects. In addition, some objects can be
            hovered on but will not generate spikelines,
            such as scatter fills.
        sunburstcolorway
            Sets the default sunburst slice colors.
            Defaults to the main `colorway` used for trace
            colors. If you specify a new list here it can
            still be extended with lighter and darker
            colors, see `extendsunburstcolors`.
        template
            Default attributes to be applied to the plot.
            This should be a dict with format: `{'layout':
            layoutTemplate, 'data': {trace_type:
            [traceTemplate, ...], ...}}` where
            `layoutTemplate` is a dict matching the
            structure of `figure.layout` and
            `traceTemplate` is a dict matching the
            structure of the trace with type `trace_type`
            (e.g. 'scatter'). Alternatively, this may be
            specified as an instance of
            plotly.graph_objs.layout.Template.  Trace
            templates are applied cyclically to traces of
            each type. Container arrays (eg `annotations`)
            have special handling: An object ending in
            `defaults` (eg `annotationdefaults`) is applied
            to each array item. But if an item has a
            `templateitemname` key we look in the template
            array for an item with matching `name` and
            apply that instead. If no matching `name` is
            found we mark the item invisible. Any named
            template item not referenced is appended to the
            end of the array, so this can be used to add a
            watermark annotation or a logo image, for
            example. To omit one of these items on the
            plot, make an item with matching
            `templateitemname` and `visible: false`.
        ternary
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Ternary`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        title
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Title`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        titlefont
            Deprecated: Please use layout.title.font
            instead. Sets the title font. Note that the
            title's font used to be customized by the now
            deprecated `titlefont` attribute.
        transition
            Sets transition options used during
            Plotly.react updates.
        treemapcolorway
            Sets the default treemap slice colors. Defaults
            to the main `colorway` used for trace colors.
            If you specify a new list here it can still be
            extended with lighter and darker colors, see
            `extendtreemapcolors`.
        uirevision
            Used to allow user interactions with the plot
            to persist after `Plotly.react` calls that are
            unaware of these interactions. If `uirevision`
            is omitted, or if it is given and it changed
            from the previous `Plotly.react` call, the
            exact new figure is used. If `uirevision` is
            truthy and did NOT change, any attribute that
            has been affected by user interactions and did
            not receive a different value in the new figure
            will keep the interaction value.
            `layout.uirevision` attribute serves as the
            default for `uirevision` attributes in various
            sub-containers. For finer control you can set
            these sub-attributes directly. For example, if
            your app separately controls the data on the x
            and y axes you might set
            `xaxis.uirevision=*time*` and
            `yaxis.uirevision=*cost*`. Then if only the y
            data is changed, you can update
            `yaxis.uirevision=*quantity*` and the y axis
            range will reset but the x axis range will
            retain any user-driven zoom.
        uniformtext
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Uniformtext
            ` instance or dict with compatible properties
        updatemenus
            A tuple of
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.Updatemenu`
            instances or dicts with compatible properties
        updatemenudefaults
            When used in a template (as
            layout.template.layout.updatemenudefaults),
            sets the default property values to use for
            elements of layout.updatemenus
        violingap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between violins
            of adjacent location coordinates. Has no effect
            on traces that have "width" set.
        violingroupgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between violins
            of the same location coordinate. Has no effect
            on traces that have "width" set.
        violinmode
            Determines how violins at the same location
            coordinate are displayed on the graph. If
            "group", the violins are plotted next to one
            another centered around the shared location. If
            "overlay", the violins are plotted over one
            another, you might need to set "opacity" to see
            them multiple violins. Has no effect on traces
            that have "width" set.
        waterfallgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between bars of
            adjacent location coordinates.
        waterfallgroupgap
            Sets the gap (in plot fraction) between bars of
            the same location coordinate.
        waterfallmode
            Determines how bars at the same location
            coordinate are displayed on the graph. With
            "group", the bars are plotted next to one
            another centered around the shared location.
            With "overlay", the bars are plotted over one
            another, you might need to an "opacity" to see
            multiple bars.
        width
            Sets the plot's width (in px).
        xaxis
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.XAxis`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
        yaxis
            :class:`plotly.graph_objects.layout.YAxis`
            instance or dict with compatible properties
  • 写回答

2条回答 默认 最新

  • CSDN专家-HGJ 2022-01-18 15:57
    关注

    'layout'属性要求是一个字典键值对形式,你传入的是一个列表?
    取列表第一个元素,就传入了字典参数, [{'title': 'B站动画分区视频排行榜上硬币最多的视频', 'titlefont': {'size': 28}, 'xaxis': {'title': '视频名称', 'titlefont': {'size': 24}, 'tickfont': {'size': 14}}, 'yaxis': {'title': '硬币', 'titlefont': {'size': 24}, 'tickfont': {'size': 14}}}][0]。

    本回答被题主选为最佳回答 , 对您是否有帮助呢?
    评论 编辑记录
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  • 系统已结题 3月19日
  • 已采纳回答 3月11日
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