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2021-04-13 13:54
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如何将YOLOv5中的NMS替换成DIOU NMS?

这是原始nms代码:

def non_max_suppression(prediction, conf_thres=0.25, iou_thres=0.45, classes=None, agnostic=False, multi_label=False,
                        labels=()):
    """Runs Non-Maximum Suppression (NMS) on inference results

    Returns:
         list of detections, on (n,6) tensor per image [xyxy, conf, cls]
    """

    nc = prediction.shape[2] - 5  # number of classes
    xc = prediction[..., 4] > conf_thres  # candidates

    # Settings
    min_wh, max_wh = 2, 4096  # (pixels) minimum and maximum box width and height
    max_det = 300  # maximum number of detections per image
    max_nms = 30000  # maximum number of boxes into torchvision.ops.nms()
    time_limit = 10.0  # seconds to quit after
    redundant = True  # require redundant detections
    multi_label &= nc > 1  # multiple labels per box (adds 0.5ms/img)
    merge = False  # use merge-NMS

    t = time.time()
    output = [torch.zeros((0, 6), device=prediction.device)] * prediction.shape[0]
    for xi, x in enumerate(prediction):  # image index, image inference
        # Apply constraints
        # x[((x[..., 2:4] < min_wh) | (x[..., 2:4] > max_wh)).any(1), 4] = 0  # width-height
        x = x[xc[xi]]  # confidence

        # Cat apriori labels if autolabelling
        if labels and len(labels[xi]):
            l = labels[xi]
            v = torch.zeros((len(l), nc + 5), device=x.device)
            v[:, :4] = l[:, 1:5]  # box
            v[:, 4] = 1.0  # conf
            v[range(len(l)), l[:, 0].long() + 5] = 1.0  # cls
            x = torch.cat((x, v), 0)

        # If none remain process next image
        if not x.shape[0]:
            continue

        # Compute conf
        x[:, 5:] *= x[:, 4:5]  # conf = obj_conf * cls_conf

        # Box (center x, center y, width, height) to (x1, y1, x2, y2)
        box = xywh2xyxy(x[:, :4])

        # Detections matrix nx6 (xyxy, conf, cls)
        if multi_label:
            i, j = (x[:, 5:] > conf_thres).nonzero(as_tuple=False).T
            x = torch.cat((box[i], x[i, j + 5, None], j[:, None].float()), 1)
        else:  # best class only
            conf, j = x[:, 5:].max(1, keepdim=True)
            x = torch.cat((box, conf, j.float()), 1)[conf.view(-1) > conf_thres]

        # Filter by class
        if classes is not None:
            x = x[(x[:, 5:6] == torch.tensor(classes, device=x.device)).any(1)]

        # Apply finite constraint
        # if not torch.isfinite(x).all():
        #     x = x[torch.isfinite(x).all(1)]

        # Check shape
        n = x.shape[0]  # number of boxes
        if not n:  # no boxes
            continue
        elif n > max_nms:  # excess boxes
            x = x[x[:, 4].argsort(descending=True)[:max_nms]]  # sort by confidence

        # Batched NMS
        c = x[:, 5:6] * (0 if agnostic else max_wh)  # classes
        boxes, scores = x[:, :4] + c, x[:, 4]  # boxes (offset by class), scores
        i = torchvision.ops.nms(boxes, scores, iou_thres)  # NMS
        if i.shape[0] > max_det:  # limit detections
            i = i[:max_det]
        if merge and (1 < n < 3E3):  # Merge NMS (boxes merged using weighted mean)
            # update boxes as boxes(i,4) = weights(i,n) * boxes(n,4)
            iou = box_iou(boxes[i], boxes) > iou_thres  # iou matrix
            weights = iou * scores[None]  # box weights
            x[i, :4] = torch.mm(weights, x[:, :4]).float() / weights.sum(1, keepdim=True)  # merged boxes
            if redundant:
                i = i[iou.sum(1) > 1]  # require redundancy

        output[xi] = x[i]
        if (time.time() - t) > time_limit:
            print(f'WARNING: NMS time limit {time_limit}s exceeded')
            break  # time limit exceeded

    return output

DIOU代码:

def bbox_iou(box1, box2, x1y1x2y2=True, GIoU=False, DIoU=False, CIoU=False, eps=1e-7):
    # Returns the IoU of box1 to box2. box1 is 4, box2 is nx4
    box2 = box2.T

    # Get the coordinates of bounding boxes
    if x1y1x2y2:  # x1, y1, x2, y2 = box1
        b1_x1, b1_y1, b1_x2, b1_y2 = box1[0], box1[1], box1[2], box1[3]
        b2_x1, b2_y1, b2_x2, b2_y2 = box2[0], box2[1], box2[2], box2[3]
    else:  # transform from xywh to xyxy
        b1_x1, b1_x2 = box1[0] - box1[2] / 2, box1[0] + box1[2] / 2
        b1_y1, b1_y2 = box1[1] - box1[3] / 2, box1[1] + box1[3] / 2
        b2_x1, b2_x2 = box2[0] - box2[2] / 2, box2[0] + box2[2] / 2
        b2_y1, b2_y2 = box2[1] - box2[3] / 2, box2[1] + box2[3] / 2

    # Intersection area
    inter = (torch.min(b1_x2, b2_x2) - torch.max(b1_x1, b2_x1)).clamp(0) * \
            (torch.min(b1_y2, b2_y2) - torch.max(b1_y1, b2_y1)).clamp(0)

    # Union Area
    w1, h1 = b1_x2 - b1_x1, b1_y2 - b1_y1 + eps
    w2, h2 = b2_x2 - b2_x1, b2_y2 - b2_y1 + eps
    union = w1 * h1 + w2 * h2 - inter + eps

    iou = inter / union
    if GIoU or DIoU or CIoU:
        cw = torch.max(b1_x2, b2_x2) - torch.min(b1_x1, b2_x1)  # convex (smallest enclosing box) width
        ch = torch.max(b1_y2, b2_y2) - torch.min(b1_y1, b2_y1)  # convex height
        if CIoU or DIoU:  # Distance or Complete IoU https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.08287v1
            c2 = cw ** 2 + ch ** 2 + eps  # convex diagonal squared
            rho2 = ((b2_x1 + b2_x2 - b1_x1 - b1_x2) ** 2 +
                    (b2_y1 + b2_y2 - b1_y1 - b1_y2) ** 2) / 4  # center distance squared
            if DIoU:
                return iou - rho2 / c2  # DIoU
            elif CIoU:  # https://github.com/Zzh-tju/DIoU-SSD-pytorch/blob/master/utils/box/box_utils.py#L47
                v = (4 / math.pi ** 2) * torch.pow(torch.atan(w2 / h2) - torch.atan(w1 / h1), 2)
                with torch.no_grad():
                    alpha = v / (v - iou + (1 + eps))
                return iou - (rho2 / c2 + v * alpha)  # CIoU
        else:  # GIoU https://arxiv.org/pdf/1902.09630.pdf
            c_area = cw * ch + eps  # convex area
            return iou - (c_area - union) / c_area  # GIoU
    else:
        return iou  # IoU

第一个问题:原始代码中应该没有使用加权nms是吗?因为merge=False,如果将merge修改为True,应该就是使用了merge加权

第二个问题:如何将NMS替换成DIOU NMS?要求能够运行出来,有代码就行,讲解一下。

第三个问题:另外几种形式的NMS,也是同DIOU一样形式替换吗?

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8条回答 默认 最新

  • 行*云 2021-04-15 08:58
    已采纳

    https://github.com/Zzh-tju/yolov5  参考下这个有对比的图 u版本的默认GIOU

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  • 有问必答小助手 2021-04-13 15:31

    您好,我是有问必答小助手,你的问题已经有小伙伴为您解答了问题,您看下是否解决了您的问题,可以追评进行沟通哦~

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  • 爱晚乏客游 2021-04-14 10:45

    https://github.com/Zzh-tju/ultralytics-YOLOv3-Cluster-NMS/blob/9b3ede15c636fb44b92b6c7b547fce494b80c09d/utils/utils.py#L629

    这里就是diou的,U神版的yolov3形式的,和v5变量名不同,改下就是了。而且全部的nms都有。

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  • 有问必答小助手 2021-04-15 15:54

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  • Wontoner 2021-05-21 16:24

    我也有同样的问题,请问题主,问题解决了吗,可以解答一下吗

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  • 不太懂是吧 2021-06-16 14:55

    题主解决了吗,我想知道怎么使用diou-nms,只需要在添加box-diou吗

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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  • 不瘦8斤的妥球球饼 2021-07-21 10:58

    直接在loss.py的ComputeLoss类里把iou=bbox_iou(...,CIOU=True) 改成iou=bbox_iou(...,DIOU=True) 就可以了吧?

    img

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